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Hale, Jon N. – History of Education Quarterly, 2012
This article examines the history of Head Start, a federally funded program, whose conceptualization emerged in earlier phases of the Civil Rights Movement in order to provide education, nourishing meals, medical services, and a positive social environment for children about to enter the first grade. While Head Start was implemented in states…
Descriptors: Federal Programs, Early Childhood Education, Preschool Children, Low Income
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Clark, Penney; Gleason, Mona; Petrina, Stephen – History of Education Quarterly, 2012
The development of the Child Study Centre (CSC) at University of British Columbia (UBC) provides a unique perspective on the complex and often contradictory relationship between child study and preschool education in postwar Canada. In this article, the authors detail the development and eventual closure of the CSC at UBC, focusing on the uneasy…
Descriptors: Laboratory Schools, Child Care, Preschool Education, Foreign Countries
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Rose, Elizabeth – History of Education Quarterly, 2009
Head Start, the federal program that provides preschool education, health, and social services for children from poor families, is one of the United States' most popular government programs. Created in 1965, it has endured as a symbol of commitment to children, serving just fewer than one million children a year in neighborhood sites across the…
Descriptors: Nursery Schools, Poverty, Preschool Education, Economically Disadvantaged
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Albisetti, James C. – History of Education Quarterly, 2009
The kindergarten was, in all countries but Germany, a foreign import. The most familiar aspect of its diffusion to American scholars is the spread of Froebel's teachings into England and the United States by emigrants who had left the German Confederation after the failure of the revolutions of 1848-49. Familiar as well are the propaganda efforts…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Early Childhood Education, Educational History, Protestants
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Uno, Kathleen – History of Education Quarterly, 2009
Research on the history of children and childhood in modern Japan (1868-1945) reveals that issues related to civil society, state, and the establishment of institutions for young children can be explored beyond the transatlantic world. In this essay, after briefly surveying historiography, a few basic terms, and earlier patterns of state and…
Descriptors: Historiography, Early Childhood Education, Young Children, Foreign Countries
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Nawrotzki, Kristen D. – History of Education Quarterly, 2009
Historians such as Seth Koven and Carolyn Steedman have shown how visual and literary depictions of children helped move late-nineteenth-century middle- and upper-class audiences to join in child-saving philanthropy aimed at the deserving poor. This essay focuses on an analysis of the promotional literature of the free kindergartens. Starting from…
Descriptors: Content Analysis, Child Welfare, Cross Cultural Studies, Educational Change
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Brehony, Kevin J. – History of Education Quarterly, 2009
This article examines the work of Lady Nancy Astor (1879-1964) in campaigning for nursery education and nursery schools in Britain from the late 1920s until the Second World War. Arguably no elected politician in England at any time, including the present, has identified themselves more closely with the cause of nursery schooling in Britain.…
Descriptors: Educational History, Nursery Schools, Foreign Countries, Cultural Capital