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Brühwiler, Ingrid – History of Education, 2015
As a neutral and multilingual country, Switzerland struggled with major domestic political conflicts during the First World War due to the two cultures of the French-speaking and German-speaking parts of the country. The divided cultural loyalties ("fossé moral", "Röstigraben"), consisting of Swiss-Germans supporting Germany…
Descriptors: Risk, War, Conflict, Multilingualism
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Keating, Jenny – History of Education, 2011
This article looks at the way in which patriotism and citizenship were used almost interchangeably in educational circles during the first half of the twentieth century. It traces the development of patriotism, citizenship and civics teaching during this period by discussing the way in which the London County Council approached these areas in the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Citizenship, Citizenship Education, Patriotism
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Munn, Pamela; Arnott, Margaret – History of Education, 2009
This article explores the purposes of citizenship education and the forms it has taken in Scotland in the closing decades of the twentieth century and the start of the twenty-first. Education has played a key role in defining Scottish identity. It is argued that there was, and continues to be in Scotland, a "Scottish myth" about the…
Descriptors: Citizenship, Citizenship Education, Educational Change, Foreign Countries
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Kernan, Margaret – History of Education, 2005
Prompted by a concern regarding the large numbers of unsupervised children playing on the streets of Dublin in the 1920s and 1930s, the Civics Institute of Ireland (referred to subsequently as the Civics Institute) established 10 playgrounds where children aged between four and 14 years could play after school hours and during school holidays.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Playgrounds, Service Learning, Play
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Roberts, Nathan – History of Education, 2004
This paper seeks to point out some of the limitations of conceiving of character in this way and to highlight some of the alternative contemporary readings of character. The later Victorians bequeathed to the Edwardians an account of the nature and importance of character that was much more complex and highly wrought than a mere shorthand for a…
Descriptors: Educational History, Foreign Countries, Teaching Methods, Citizenship Education