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Coleman, Michael C. – History of Education, 1996
Criticizes recent attempts to redefine the forced education of American Indians as a triumph of Indian coping strategies and adjustment. While admitting that the process was more complex and symbiotic than earlier models suggested, still maintains that the U.S. government exerted more control than did the Indians. (MJP)
Descriptors: American Indian Culture, American Indian Education, American Indian History, American Indians
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Mclaren, David J. – History of Education, 1996
Discusses the utopian philosophy and related educational practices of the early 19th-century communitarian settlement in New Harmony, Indiana. The settlement failed after several years, due in no small part to the falling out between its two main supporters, Robert Owen and William Maclure. (MJP)
Descriptors: Collective Settlements, Community Characteristics, Community Development, Community Education
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Tomlinson, Stephen – History of Education, 1996
Reviews the contributions and educational philosophy of Herbert Spencer. The 19th-century social philosopher was an advocate of Pestalozzianism, an early form of open education and a precursor to John Dewey's progressive education. Discusses a broad range of educational reform movements and how they influenced Spencer. (MJP)
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational History, Educational Philosophy, Educational Psychology
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Knight, Peter – History of Education, 1996
Explores the influences of two teacher associations, the Geographical Association and the National Association of Teachers of Home Economics and Technology, on the development of a national curriculum in the United Kingdom between 1976 and 1994. Although active, the organizations were fraught with internal dissent, organizational problems, and…
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Educational Administration, Educational Development, Educational Legislation
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Snell, K. D. M. – History of Education, 1996
Identifies three phases in the history of apprenticeships: guild apprenticeships (12th century to 1563); statutory apprenticeships primarily controlled by the state (1563-1814); and voluntary apprenticeships, often between employers and unions (1814-present). Examines some of the historical changes that have affected the last two phases in…
Descriptors: Apprenticeships, Educational Change, Educational History, Educational Policy
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Willis, Richard – History of Education, 1996
Analyzes a number of unpublished primary sources to reveal some of the politics and problems involved in the efforts to establish a self-regulating governing body among teachers in Victorian England. Specifically discusses the lobbying brought by the College of Preceptors, an organization promoting the interests of private teachers. (MJP)
Descriptors: Accreditation (Institutions), Educational History, Foreign Countries, Higher Education
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Hake, Barry J. – History of Education, 1996
Profiles an attempt at adult residential education known as the Woodbrookers' movement in the Netherlands from 1903-1941. Imported from England, the Woodbrookers' emphasized the precepts of Christian Socialism taught through weekend meetings and summer schools. Discusses the relationship between this movement and the Scandinavian folk high…
Descriptors: Adult Education, Educational History, Folk Schools, Foreign Countries
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Cox, Gordon – History of Education, 1996
Considers the educational music broadcasts of the British Broadcasting System and asks three questions: (1) what new ideas for the teaching of music were disseminated; (2) were the programs successful in teaching traditional music skills; and (3) what was the critical reaction from music teachers and educators. (MJP)
Descriptors: Cultural Activities, Cultural Enrichment, Curriculum Enrichment, Educational History
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Coldrey, Barry – History of Education, 1996
Discusses the practice of child migration, the dispatch of unaccompanied children from the United Kingdom to its colonies. This was an integral feature of British social policy for over 350 years. Specifically examines the conflicts between Australia and England during the last years of this effort. (MJP)
Descriptors: Adopted Children, Adoptive Parents, Child Labor, Child Welfare
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Whitehead, Clive – History of Education, 1993
Rejects Kilemi Mwiria's contention that the primary goal of the educational system in colonial Kenya was to deliberately prepare Africans for subjugation and subordination. Contends that the British government did not have the funds to support expansion or improvement of the African educational system. (CFR)
Descriptors: Capitalism, Colonialism, Educational Finance, Educational History
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Barnes, Sarah V. – History of Education, 1994
Asserts that, during the second half of the 19th Century, women in England and the United States increasingly sought and gained admission to higher education institutions. Describes the establishment of coeducation at the University of Manchester (England) and Northwestern University (Illinois) in terms of these cultural differences. (CFR)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Coeducation, Comparative Education, Cultural Traits
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Harber, Clive – History of Education, 1993
Describes Namibian educational history from 1890 to the present. Discusses the political and military struggle for independence and the challenges of building an educational system consistent with democratic values. (CFR)
Descriptors: African Culture, African History, Apartheid, Blacks
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Gilbert, Julie S. – History of Education, 1994
Asserts that England's civic universities maintained a much less restrictive environment than Oxford or Cambridge. Civic university women participated in all aspects of student life often exceeding the involvement of male students. Argues that social and economic differences contributed to this dichotomy. (MJP)
Descriptors: Educational History, Equal Education, Extracurricular Activities, Females
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Edwards, Elizabeth – History of Education, 1993
Compares the experience of 3 women's training colleges in Great Britain during the first half of the 20th century. Concludes that the training college culture, with its combination of individual enrichment and collective stagnation, is important to the history feminism. (CFR)
Descriptors: Educational History, Elementary Education, Females, Femininity
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Dekker, Jeroen J. H. – History of Education, 1996
Examines the conflicting approaches, legal, medical, and educational, to the treatment of deprived and retarded children in the Netherlands around 1900. Although initially in competition, the educational and medical fields soon began a cooperative relationship defined by symbiotic philosophies and institutions. Discusses the development of…
Descriptors: Child Welfare, Economically Disadvantaged, Educational Change, Educational Development
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