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Caroli, Dorena – History of Education, 2019
The purpose of this article is to outline the evolution of biology education in Soviet schools in the 1920s and 1930s. After some introductory consideration of the ideological changes taking place in the field of genetics that impacted on the teaching of science and led to botany being favoured over biology in schools, the first part outlines the…
Descriptors: Social Systems, Educational History, Botany, Science Instruction
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Hof, Barbara – History of Education, 2018
After the Sputnik shock of 1957, the United States initiated education reform, based in part on the hope that technology could facilitate efficient school learning. This development was largely driven by the confrontation between the eastern and western Blocs: on both sides of the Iron Curtain, reformists promoted educational technology for the…
Descriptors: Educational Technology, Educational History, Teaching Methods, Foreign Countries
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Rõuk, Vadim; van der Walt, Johannes L.; Wolhuter, Charl C. – History of Education, 2018
This article examines how education unfolded as a science in Estonia in the period 1944-1991, i.e. from the second Soviet occupation to the fall of the USSR. Historical analysis of the way prominent scholars and institutions succeeded in overcoming the adverse conditions of that period is conducted by viewing their respective contributions through…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational History, Social Influences, Foreign Policy
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Tsvetkova, Natalia – History of Education, 2017
The paper compares the American and Soviet transformations at Kabul University, Afghanistan, during the 1960s to the 1980s explained in terms of Americanisation and Sovietisation. Using new declassified documents from both American and former Soviet archives, the author reveals that both powers attempted to impose their rival models of university…
Descriptors: Educational History, Universities, Comparative Education, Archives
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Mincu, Monica E. – History of Education, 2016
This article engages with the influence of Soviet educational models and Western European contacts, mediated by historical institutional and cultural legacies in producing specifically Eastern educational variants. A first level of analysis will identify the reasons behind the emergence of these variations. A second and higher level of analysis…
Descriptors: Social Systems, Models, Educational History, Comparative Education
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Vamos, Agnes – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2018
Through the example of the establishment, functioning, and closing of bilingual schools during the Soviet occupation of Hungary, this paper aims to introduce this segment of public education in Central-Eastern Europe. In the period between 1945 and 1989, the learning of Russian as a compulsory subject was introduced, teaching other languages was…
Descriptors: Hungarian, Language of Instruction, Russian, Bilingual Schools
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Kestere, Iveta; Kalke, Baiba – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2018
The ideal of the Soviet teacher can be revealed in Soviet mass media, but historians are challenged by the question "what was the actual reality"? Therefore, we addressed the reality of the Soviet school using two research questions: (1) What teacher image was cultivated by Soviet propaganda, and what did the average teacher actually…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Authoritarianism, Teachers, Educational History