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Borland, Ron; Li, Lin; Balmford, James – Health Education Research, 2017
Commitments to goals are theorized to affect behavior change outcomes, but competing theories argue for hard to achieve goals and strategic sub-goals as optimum strategies for success. This study aimed to explore whether the nature of the goal affects smoking cessation outcomes. A total of 1043 participants in a randomized controlled trial of…
Descriptors: Smoking, Randomized Controlled Trials, Correlation, Addictive Behavior
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Zhao, Xiaoquan; Cai, Xiaomei – Health Education Research, 2016
The Tips From Former Smokers ("Tips") campaign in the United States primarily targets adult smokers, but considers adolescents an important secondary audience. This study examines the association between exposure to Tips and smoking outcomes in the adolescent population in the United States. We analyzed data from the 2013 National Youth…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, High School Students, Adolescents, Adolescent Attitudes
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Duke, Jennifer C.; Davis, Kevin C.; Alexander, Robert L.; MacMonegle, Anna J.; Fraze, Jami L.; Rodes, Robert M.; Beistle, Diane M. – Health Education Research, 2015
In 2012, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention launched a national tobacco education campaign, "Tips From Former Smokers," that consisted of graphic, emotionally evocative, testimonial-style advertisements. This longitudinal study examines changes in beliefs, tobacco-related cognitions and intentions to quit smoking among U.S.…
Descriptors: Smoking, Health Promotion, Health Behavior, Longitudinal Studies
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Springvloet, L.; Willemsen, M. C.; Mons, U.; van den Putte, B.; Kunst, A. E.; Guignard, R.; Hummel, K.; Allwright, S.; Siahpush, M.; de Vries, H.; Nagelhout, G. E. – Health Education Research, 2015
This study examined educational differences in associations of noticing anti-tobacco information with smoking-related attitudes and quit intentions among adult smokers. Longitudinal data (N = 7571) from two waves of six countries of the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Europe Surveys were included. Generalized estimating equation analyses and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Smoking, Prevention, Health Promotion
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Balmford, James; Borland, Ron; Benda, Peter; Howard, Steve – Health Education Research, 2013
The aim was to better understand structural factors associated with uptake of automated tailored interventions for smoking cessation. In a prospective randomized controlled trial with interventions only offered, not mandated, participants were randomized based on the following: web-based expert system (QuitCoach); text messaging program (onQ);…
Descriptors: Smoking, Intervention, Internet, Correlation
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Hood, N. E.; Ferketich, A. K.; Paskett, E. D.; Wewers, M. E. – Health Education Research, 2013
Lay health advisers (LHAs) are increasingly used to deliver tobacco dependence treatment, especially with low-socioeconomic status (SES) populations. More information is needed about treatment adherence to help interpret mixed evidence of LHA intervention effectiveness. This study examined adherence to behavioral counseling and nicotine patches in…
Descriptors: Evidence, Risk, Smoking, Intervention