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Borland, Ron; Li, Lin; Balmford, James – Health Education Research, 2017
Commitments to goals are theorized to affect behavior change outcomes, but competing theories argue for hard to achieve goals and strategic sub-goals as optimum strategies for success. This study aimed to explore whether the nature of the goal affects smoking cessation outcomes. A total of 1043 participants in a randomized controlled trial of…
Descriptors: Smoking, Randomized Controlled Trials, Correlation, Addictive Behavior
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Zhao, Xiaoquan; Cai, Xiaomei – Health Education Research, 2016
The Tips From Former Smokers ("Tips") campaign in the United States primarily targets adult smokers, but considers adolescents an important secondary audience. This study examines the association between exposure to Tips and smoking outcomes in the adolescent population in the United States. We analyzed data from the 2013 National Youth…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, High School Students, Adolescents, Adolescent Attitudes
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Pettigrew, Simone; Jongenelis, Michelle I.; Glance, David; Chikritzhs, Tanya; Pratt, Iain S.; Slevin, Terry; Liang, Wenbin; Wakefield, Melanie – Health Education Research, 2016
In response to increasing calls to introduce warning labels on alcoholic beverages, this study investigated the potential effectiveness of alcohol warning statements designed to increase awareness of the alcohol-cancer link. A national online survey was administered to a diverse sample of Australian adult drinkers (n = 1,680). Along with…
Descriptors: Cancer, Drinking, Health Behavior, Foreign Countries
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Petersen, Suni; Do, Trina; Shaw, Christy; Brake, Kaile – Health Education Research, 2016
Worldwide more deaths occur due to conditions that can be ameliorated by behavior change. Changing health behaviors using models popularized in non-western countries has not proven particularly successful. The purpose of this study was to test variables elicited during qualitative interviews and cultural conversations to develop a model of health…
Descriptors: Health Behavior, Rural Areas, Foreign Countries, Females
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Pellicer-Chenoll, Maite; Garcia-Massó, Xavier; Morales, Jose; Serra-Añó, Pilar; Solana-Tramunt, Mònica; González, Luis-Millán; Toca-Herrera, José-Luis – Health Education Research, 2015
The relationship among physical activity, physical fitness and academic achievement in adolescents has been widely studied; however, controversy concerning this topic persists. The methods used thus far to analyse the relationship between these variables have included mostly traditional lineal analysis according to the available literature. The…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Physical Fitness, Academic Achievement, Correlation
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Duke, Jennifer C.; Davis, Kevin C.; Alexander, Robert L.; MacMonegle, Anna J.; Fraze, Jami L.; Rodes, Robert M.; Beistle, Diane M. – Health Education Research, 2015
In 2012, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention launched a national tobacco education campaign, "Tips From Former Smokers," that consisted of graphic, emotionally evocative, testimonial-style advertisements. This longitudinal study examines changes in beliefs, tobacco-related cognitions and intentions to quit smoking among U.S.…
Descriptors: Smoking, Health Promotion, Health Behavior, Longitudinal Studies
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Springvloet, L.; Willemsen, M. C.; Mons, U.; van den Putte, B.; Kunst, A. E.; Guignard, R.; Hummel, K.; Allwright, S.; Siahpush, M.; de Vries, H.; Nagelhout, G. E. – Health Education Research, 2015
This study examined educational differences in associations of noticing anti-tobacco information with smoking-related attitudes and quit intentions among adult smokers. Longitudinal data (N = 7571) from two waves of six countries of the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Europe Surveys were included. Generalized estimating equation analyses and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Smoking, Prevention, Health Promotion
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Balmford, James; Borland, Ron; Benda, Peter; Howard, Steve – Health Education Research, 2013
The aim was to better understand structural factors associated with uptake of automated tailored interventions for smoking cessation. In a prospective randomized controlled trial with interventions only offered, not mandated, participants were randomized based on the following: web-based expert system (QuitCoach); text messaging program (onQ);…
Descriptors: Smoking, Intervention, Internet, Correlation
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Ehlers, Diane K.; Huberty, Jennifer L.; Beseler, Cheryl L. – Health Education Research, 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine: (i) the effect of schools' baseline community readiness (CR) on youth physical activity (PA) at recess prior to the Ready for Recess intervention; (ii) if changes in PA due to the intervention were explained by baseline CR and (iii) if specific components of the intervention altered an association…
Descriptors: Readiness, Physical Activities, Intervention, Defense Mechanisms
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Hood, N. E.; Ferketich, A. K.; Paskett, E. D.; Wewers, M. E. – Health Education Research, 2013
Lay health advisers (LHAs) are increasingly used to deliver tobacco dependence treatment, especially with low-socioeconomic status (SES) populations. More information is needed about treatment adherence to help interpret mixed evidence of LHA intervention effectiveness. This study examined adherence to behavioral counseling and nicotine patches in…
Descriptors: Evidence, Risk, Smoking, Intervention
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O'Dea, Jennifer A.; Wagstaff, Samantha – Health Education Research, 2011
This national study examined student breakfast consumption and nutritional quality of breakfast in 2000 and 2006 by gender, school grade, school socioeconomic status (SES) and weight status after the implementation of a national breakfast promotion campaign. Participants were 4237 schoolchildren in grades 2-12 from 32 schools in 2000 and 5645…
Descriptors: Nutrition, Eating Habits, Scientific Concepts, Foreign Countries
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Bauer, K. W.; Neumark-Sztainer, D.; Hannan, P. J.; Fulkerson, J. A.; Story, M. – Health Education Research, 2011
Identifying factors that contribute to students' behavior and weight improvements during school-based obesity prevention interventions is critical for the development of effective programs. The current study aims to determine whether the support and resources that adolescent girls received from their families were associated with improvements in…
Descriptors: Obesity, Body Composition, Intervention, Physical Activities
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Vogel, Ineke; Brug, Johannes; Van Der Ploeg, Catharina P. B.; Raat, Hein – Health Education Research, 2010
There is an increasing population at risk of hearing loss and tinnitus due to increasing high-volume music listening. To inform prevention strategies and interventions, this study aimed to identify important protection motivation theory-based constructs as well as the constructs "consideration of future consequences" and "habit…
Descriptors: Music, Prevention, Behavior Modification, Adolescents
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Araujo-Soares, Vera; McIntyre, Teresa; Sniehotta, Falko F. – Health Education Research, 2009
This paper aims to test the direct predictors of the theory of planned behaviour (TPB), action planning and coping planning as predictors of changes in physical activity (PA) in 157 adolescents (mean age: 12). TPB measures, the Action Planning and Coping Planning Scales (APCPS) and the International Physical Activity Questionnaires were measured…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Self Efficacy, Measures (Individuals), Intention
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Bere, E.; Veierod, M. B.; Bjelland, M.; Klepp, K.-I. – Health Education Research, 2006
This study reports the effect of the Fruits and Vegetables Make the Marks intervention, a school-based fruit and vegetable intervention consisting of a home economics classroom component and parental involvement and encouraged participation in the Norwegian School Fruit Programme, all delivered during the school year of 2001-02. Nine randomly…
Descriptors: Control Groups, Home Economics, Intervention, Formative Evaluation