ERIC Number: EJ1065107
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Healthy Eyes in Schools: An Evaluation of a School and Community-Based Intervention to Promote Eye Health in Rural Timor-Leste
Hobday, Karen; Ramke, Jacqueline; du Toit, Rènée; Pereira, Sara M.
Health Education Journal, v74 n4 p392-402 Jul 2015
Objective: To assess whether there was an improvement in the knowledge, attitudes and practices of students after the Healthy Eyes in Schools Project intervention and to complete a process evaluation to inform future implementation of health promotion interventions. Design: A descriptive, mixed-methods design was used, including questionnaires and interviews. Setting: Four primary schools in Aileu District, Timor-Leste. Local teachers received training and resources to implement nine lessons about eye health. The intervention was supported in two schools by the concurrent creation of school gardens and improvements to the water and sanitation, where required. Method: Students from classes 5 and 6 participated: 384 students aged 10-17 years (median = 12 years, inter-quartile range = 12-13 years) completed the baseline knowledge, attitudes and practices survey and 237 students participated in a follow-up survey. Interviews with teachers, students and parents informed the process evaluation. Results: The intervention was associated with an improvement in eye health knowledge and some attitudes and practices of students. Attitudes about the capabilities of blind children and adults did not change. The teachers' attitude and support from principals and an international non-governmental organisation appeared to be key factors in the successful implementation of the Healthy Eyes in Schools Project. The limited eye health in the existing curriculum, limited parent participation and access to healthy food may have influenced the effectiveness of the Healthy Eyes in Schools Project intervention. Conclusion: A number of benefits appeared to be associated with the inclusion of eye health topics in school health and hygiene education in Timor-Leste. Concurrent development of a supportive environment appeared to enable this initiative. The results of this evaluation can be used to advocate to the Ministries of Education and Health and other education stakeholders for the inclusion of eye health in the health and hygiene curriculum.
Descriptors: Knowledge Level, Student Attitudes, Health Behavior, Visual Acuity, Mixed Methods Research, Questionnaires, Interviews, Elementary School Students, Elementary School Teachers, Health Promotion, Intervention, Gardening, Water, Sanitation, Grade 5, Grade 6, Attitude Measures, Student Surveys, Pretests Posttests, Parent Attitudes, Teacher Attitudes, Blindness, Visual Impairments, Attitude Change, Vision, Foreign Countries, Child Health, Rural Schools
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 5; Intermediate Grades; Middle Schools; Grade 6
Authoring Institution: N/A