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Bonoti, Fotini; Christidou, Vasilia; Spyrou, Georgia Maria – Health Education Journal, 2019
Objective: The study aimed to investigate whether children use specific types of graphic cues (facial, postural, contextual) in their drawings of healthy and ill persons and whether these cues differ as a function of age. Design: Cross-sectional design. Setting: A public primary school in a medium-sized city in Greece. Method: A total of 200…
Descriptors: Childrens Art, Freehand Drawing, Cues, Health
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Tercedor, Pablo; Segura-Jiménez, Víctor; Ávila García, Manuel; Huertas-Delgado, Francisco Javier – Health Education Journal, 2019
Objective: The goals of this study were to (1) describe physical activity levels during school recess in 8-year-old children, (2) analyse the percentage of children who achieved physical activity recommendation at recess, and (3) examine if recess physical activity levels varied by gender, weight status, and parental educational level. Methods: In…
Descriptors: Physical Activity Level, Recess Breaks, Young Children, Elementary School Students
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Noonan, Robert J.; Boddy, Lynne M.; Knowles, Zoe R.; Fairclough, Stuart J. – Health Education Journal, 2019
Objective: This study investigated relative associations between physical activity and selected predisposing, reinforcing and enabling factors among 9- to 10-year-old children from socially disadvantaged communities and examined the extent to which these associations varied by sex. Design: Cross-sectional design. Setting: Ten public primary…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged, Case Studies, Elementary School Students, Foreign Countries
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Kulik, Noel; Thomas, Erica M.; Fahlman, Mariane M.; Garn, Alex C.; Centeio, Erin E.; Somers, Cheryl L.; McCaughtry, Nathan – Health Education Journal, 2019
Objective: Existing research shows that sociodemographic factors are associated with dietary patterns among adolescents; however, little is known about when these relationships begin in children. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between dietary self-efficacy (SE) and dietary intake among children over time and by…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Eating Habits, Race, Ethnicity
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Nagler, Eve M.; Lobo, Priya – Health Education Journal, 2019
Objective: Low socioeconomic status young people in low- and middle-income countries use tobacco at higher rates than their wealthier peers. School-based tobacco use prevention interventions that employ a life skills approach are effective at preventing tobacco use. In India, the Salaam Bombay Foundation (SBF) has implemented a multiyear,…
Descriptors: Smoking, Health Promotion, Daily Living Skills, Intervention
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Johnston, Bryan; El-Arabi, Ahmad; Tuomela, Krista; Nelson, David – Health Education Journal, 2019
Background: Children in the USA face increasing nutrition-related health risks, including obesity rates of 16.9% -- a figure that has more than tripled over the past four decades. Nutrition education is beneficial to improve children's health through obesity prevention and the promotion of healthy habits, and the elementary school years are a key…
Descriptors: Urban Youth, Medical Students, Nutrition Instruction, Elementary School Students
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Hivner, Elizabeth A.; Hoke, Alicia M.; Francis, Erica B.; Lehman, Erik B.; Hwang, Grace W.; Kraschnewski, Jennifer L. – Health Education Journal, 2019
Objective: To evaluate the impact of three types of social cognitive theory (SCT)-based elementary school classroom physical activity (PA) training on teachers' implementation rates, attitudes, knowledge and behaviour. Design: Key stakeholder focus groups informed development of phase II which took the form of a randomised controlled trial of…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Inservice Teacher Education, Physical Activities, Self Efficacy
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Agnew, Shire; Gunn, Alexandra C. – Health Education Journal, 2019
Objectives: Understandings of menstruation, including those within teaching, continue to draw on dominant discourses that construct menstruation as shameful and secret. This study trialled a new pedagogical approach to menstruation education that offered opportunities to engage with and mobilise alternative discourses. Design: Teachers of students…
Descriptors: Females, Physiology, Social Attitudes, Preadolescents
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MacFarlane, Kendra; Wharf Higgins, Joan; Naylor, Patti-Jean – Health Education Journal, 2018
Objective: This study explored factors affecting the implementation of good-quality physical activity provision in after-school childcare delivered in a Canadian jurisdiction without specific policy, standards or active interventions aimed at increasing physical activity underway. Design: Case study design theoretically guided by the…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Child Care, After School Programs, Qualitative Research
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Renslow, Jillian; Maupin, Jonathan – Health Education Journal, 2018
Objective: Using the draw-and-write methodology, this study examined cross-cultural similarities and differences in children's perceptions of health. Design: Cross-sectional design. Setting: One public elementary school in the USA and in Guatemala. Method: The total sample included 161 children 9-10 years of age, 80 in the USA and 81 in Guatemala.…
Descriptors: Health, Cross Cultural Studies, Freehand Drawing, Elementary School Students
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Wilder, Rachel – Health Education Journal, 2018
Objective: To assess what kinds of knowledge policymakers in a sample of English primary schools utilised to make decisions about their school's sex and relationships education policy. Method: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with policymakers at three primary schools in the southwest of England, and documentary analysis of the schools'…
Descriptors: Decision Making, Elementary School Students, Sexuality, Interpersonal Relationship
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Martin, Shirley; Horgan, Deirdre; Scanlon, Margaret; Eldin, Nazih; O'Donnell, Anne – Health Education Journal, 2018
Objective: This paper presents findings of a qualitative study which explored children and young people's understanding of health and the factors that contribute, or act as barriers, to healthy lifestyles. Views were elicited from consultations with children and young people as part of the process for the development of a National Obesity Policy…
Descriptors: Health, Public Policy, Barriers, Obesity
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Chen, Xuewei; Cisse-Egbuonye, Nafissatou; Spears, Erica C.; Mkuu, Rahma; McKyer, E. Lisako J. – Health Education Journal, 2018
Objective: Due to the disproportionately high rates of obesity within the US Hispanic community, there is a critical need to address this health disparity issue. The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between parents' socio-demographic characteristics and their children's food consumption. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting:…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Hispanic American Students, Grade 4, Health Behavior
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Kopkin, Nolan; Martin, Mirinda L; Hollar, Danielle – Health Education Journal, 2018
Objective: The Healthier Options for Public Schoolchildren (HOPS) intervention aimed simultaneously to change school policies regarding the nutritional content of school-provided meals, nutrition and healthy lifestyle curricula, and other school-based wellness activities. Researchers examined how HOPS affected students' academic achievement,…
Descriptors: Improvement, Standardized Tests, Scores, Nutrition
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Hayball, Felicity Z.L.; Pawlowski, Charlotte Skau – Health Education Journal, 2018
Aims and objectives: The importance of childhood physical activity is widely recognised. Helping children to articulate their opinions is a crucial factor in improving their health and well-being, yet the field is predominantly focused on adult-led quantitative methods and lacks deeper understanding from a child perspective. Methods: This paper…
Descriptors: Physical Activity Level, Photography, Freehand Drawing, Health Behavior
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