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Cohen, David K. – Harvard Educational Review, 1982
This article offers an account of how educational organizations have changed in response to expanding state and federal policy, presents some explanations for the changes, and discusses the chief problems that resulted. It also sketches an approach to thinking about the effects of policy on educational organizations. (CT)
Descriptors: Administrative Organization, Educational Administration, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education
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Minter, Thomas K. – Harvard Educational Review, 1982
This essay discusses the federal role in the improvement of educational practice nationally and at the local level, the role and influence of federal or other national program evaluations on local curriculum decisions, and the differences in role perceptions between federal and local school district officials. (CT)
Descriptors: Curriculum Evaluation, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Government, Government Role
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Turnbull, Brenda J. – Harvard Educational Review, 1982
Analyzes the intentions and results of federal efforts to promote educational improvement over the past 25 years. Federal efforts are described in the following areas: block grant funding; requirements for local evaluation and planning; research, development, and evaluation; linkage; and targeted support for local improvement. (CT)
Descriptors: Block Grants, Educational Research, Federal Aid, Federal Programs
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Tyack, David; And Others – Harvard Educational Review, 1987
Includes four symposium papers: "Was There Ever a Golden Age in Teaching?" (David Tyack); "Schooling More and Liking It Less" (David Cohen); "Understanding Teacher Attrition" (Richard Murnane); and "Attracting Talented Students to Teaching" (Jerome Murphy). (CH)
Descriptors: Educational History, Educational Improvement, Faculty Mobility, Females
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Glazer, Nathan; And Others – Harvard Educational Review, 1987
Consists of four symposium addresses: "Equity and Excellence in Education: A Comment" (Nathan Glazer); "Remarks on Equity and Excellence in Education" (Harold Howe II); "On Excellence and Goodness" (Sara Lawrence Lightfoot); and "When Excellence and Equity Complement Each Other" (Charles Willie). (CH)
Descriptors: Educational Quality, Elementary Secondary Education, Elitism, Equal Education
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Kaestle, Carl F.; Smith, Marshall S. – Harvard Educational Review, 1982
Discusses seven stereotypical views concerning the history of federal involvement in elementary and secondary education. Examines federal intervention after World War II; origination of federal programs; the National Defense Education Act; basic skills education; federal aid to precollegiate education; federal pressure for desegregation; and…
Descriptors: Basic Skills, Desegregation Effects, Educational History, Elementary Secondary Education
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Ryan, Frank Anthony – Harvard Educational Review, 1982
The author discusses federal legislation that concerns American Indian education. Examines contract schools, the Bureau of Indian Affairs school system, availability of public schools, sectarian mission schools, termination of tribal sovereignty, relocation to urban areas, and the Indian Education Act of 1972. (CT)
Descriptors: American Indian Education, American Indian Reservations, American Indians, Federal Indian Relationship
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Tollett, Kenneth S. – Harvard Educational Review, 1982
This essay outlines the federal role through Congress, the executive branch, and the judiciary in increasing equality of educational opportunity in the United States. Special emphasis is placed on government efforts of the 1960s and 1970s. (CT)
Descriptors: Court Role, Equal Education, Federal Government, Federal Legislation
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Levin, Henry M. – Harvard Educational Review, 1982
Four types of federal grants used to address national concerns of educational equity are examined and evaluated: general aid to education, categorical grants for educational equity, block grants for specific groups of equity programs, and matching grants for educational equity. (CT)
Descriptors: Block Grants, Categorical Aid, Educational Equity (Finance), Educational Finance
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Timpane, P. Michael – Harvard Educational Review, 1982
The author maintains that a continued federal role in educational research is both necessary and appropriate and yet has not received sufficient support from professional educators. He traces the history of the relationship between the federal government and the research community, culminating in development of the National Institute of Education.…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Federal Government, Government Role, Research Methodology