ERIC Number: EJ1056911
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-May
Abstractor: As Provided
The Differences between Intellectually Gifted and Average Students on a Set of Leadership Competencies
Muammar, Omar M.
Gifted Education International, v31 n2 p142-153 May 2015
The current study investigates differences in the leadership skills between intellectually gifted and average students and explores the relationship between intelligence and leadership potential. Participants in this study were 176 students (57 males and 120 females) from an Eastern Province University in Saudi Arabia. Students were selected on a voluntary basis and asked to complete the Leadership Inventory (LI); data were also collected about their General Ability Test (GAT) scores. The Spearman Rho correlation formula was calculated and then the sample was divided into two groups based on their GAT scores--intellectually gifted and average students--and a subsequent t-test was performed. The LI consists of four subscales: leading self and others; problem solving skills; effective communication; and planning skills. LI internal consistency was a = 0.94. No significant correlations were found between leadership and intelligence (r = 0.077, P >0.05). The mean of gifted students only in planning skills (M = 26.16) was significantly higher than the mean of average students (M = 24.747, t= -2.069, P = 0.04, df = 174, Cohen's d = 0.31). No other significant means differences among all other variables were found. Intellectually gifted students lacked essential skills to prevail in the global competitive economy. Recommendations, implications, and limitations of the study are discussed.
Descriptors: Academically Gifted, Cognitive Ability, Academic Ability, Leadership Qualities, Student Leadership, Intelligence, Student Characteristics, Foreign Countries, Correlation, Scores, Problem Solving, Communication Skills, Planning, College Students, Thinking Skills, Readiness, Reading Comprehension, Logical Thinking, Questionnaires, Talent Development, Surveys, High School Students, Comparative Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; High Schools; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Saudi Arabia