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Perrin, James M. – Future of Children, 2012
Much attention has aided measurement and improvement in the quality of health care during the past two decades, with new ways to define and measure quality, recognition that doing so can identify strategies to enhance care, and systematic efforts by both government and private insurers to apply these principles. In this article, James Perrin…
Descriptors: Federal Programs, Quality of Life, Diseases, Health Insurance
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Reardon, Sean F.; Valentino, Rachel A.; Shores, Kenneth A. – Future of Children, 2012
How well do U.S. students read? In this article, Sean Reardon, Rachel Valentino, and Kenneth Shores rely on studies using data from national and international literacy assessments to answer this question. In part, the answer depends on the specific literacy skills assessed. The authors show that almost all U.S. students can "read" by…
Descriptors: Literacy, Reading Skills, Developed Nations, Race
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Waldfogel, Jane – Future of Children, 2012
When U.S. children enter school, their reading skills vary widely by their socioeconomic status, race and ethnicity, and immigrant status. Because these literacy gaps exist before children enter school, observes Jane Waldfogel, the disparities must arise from conditions outside of schools--from the children's families and communities. And the same…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Immigrants, Reading Skills, Peer Groups
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Lesaux, Nonie K. – Future of Children, 2012
Although most young children seem to master reading skills in the early grades of elementary school, many struggle with texts as they move through middle school and high school. Why do children who seem to be proficient readers in third grade have trouble comprehending texts in later grades? To answer this question, Nonie Lesaux describes what is…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Teaching Methods, Secondary School Students, Middle School Students
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Cohen, David K.; Bhatt, Monica P. – Future of Children, 2012
Although the education community has identified numerous effective interventions for improving the literacy of U.S. schoolchildren, little headway has been made in raising literacy capabilities. David K. Cohen and Monica P. Bhatt, of the University of Michigan, contend that a major obstacle is the organizational structure of the U.S. education…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, State Standards, Governance, Literacy
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Goldman, Susan R. – Future of Children, 2012
Learning to read--amazing as it is to small children and their parents--is one thing. Reading to learn, explains Susan Goldman of the University of Illinois at Chicago, is quite another. Are today's students able to use reading and writing to acquire knowledge, solve problems, and make decisions in academic, personal, and professional arenas? Do…
Descriptors: Literacy, Teaching Methods, Reading Comprehension, Content Area Reading
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Bianchi, Suzanne M. – Future of Children, 2011
American families and workplaces have both changed dramatically over the past half-century. Paid work by women has increased sharply, as has family instability. Education-related inequality in work hours and income has grown. These changes, says Suzanne Bianchi, pose differing work-life issues for parents at different points along the income…
Descriptors: Family Work Relationship, Social Change, Family Life, Employed Parents
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Christensen, Kathleen; Schneider, Barbara; Butler, Donnell – Future of Children, 2011
Most working parents face a common dilemma--how to care for their children when they are not in school but the parents are at work. In this article Kathleen Christensen, Barbara Schneider, and Donnell Butler describe the predictable and unpredictable scheduling demands school-age children place on working couples and single working parents. The…
Descriptors: Working Hours, School Schedules, Employees, Job Satisfaction
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Landale, Nancy S.; Thomas, Kevin J. A.; Van Hook, Jennifer – Future of Children, 2011
Children of immigrants are a rapidly growing part of the U.S. child population. Their health, development, educational attainment, and social and economic integration into the nation's life will play a defining role in the nation's future. Nancy Landale, Kevin Thomas, and Jennifer Van Hook explore the challenges facing immigrant families as they…
Descriptors: Human Capital, Poverty, Immigration, Asian Americans
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Karoly, Lynn A.; Gonzalez, Gabriella C. – Future of Children, 2011
A substantial and growing share of the population, immigrant children are more likely than children with native-born parents to face a variety of circumstances, such as low family income, low parental education, and language barriers that place them at risk of developmental delay and poor academic performance once they enter school. Lynn Karoly…
Descriptors: Family Income, Disadvantaged Youth, Developmental Delays, Immigrants
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Calderon, Margarita; Slavin, Robert; Sanchez, Marta – Future of Children, 2011
The fastest-growing student population in U.S. schools today is children of immigrants, half of whom do not speak English fluently and are thus labeled English learners. Although the federal government requires school districts to provide services to English learners, it offers states no policies to follow in identifying, assessing, placing, or…
Descriptors: Family Programs, Second Language Learning, Educational Change, English (Second Language)
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Teranishi, Robert T.; Suarez-Orozco, Carola; Suarez-Orozco, Marcelo – Future of Children, 2011
Immigrant youth and children of immigrants make up a large and increasing share of the nation's population, and over the next few decades they will constitute a significant portion of the U.S. workforce. Robert Teranishi, Carola Suarez-Orozco, and Marcelo Suarez-Orozco argue that increasing their educational attainment, economic productivity, and…
Descriptors: Educational Needs, Community Colleges, Outreach Programs, Educational Attainment
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Baum, Sandy; Flores, Stella M. – Future of Children, 2011
The increasing role that immigrants and their children, especially those from Latin America, are playing in American society, Sandy Baum and Stella Flores argue, makes it essential that as many young newcomers as possible enroll and succeed in postsecondary education. Immigrant youths from some countries find the doors to the nation's colleges…
Descriptors: Postsecondary Education, Mexican Americans, Foreign Countries, Immigrants
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Perreira, Krista M.; Ornelas, India J. – Future of Children, 2011
Poor childhood health contributes to lower socioeconomic status in adulthood. Subsequently, low socioeconomic status among parents contributes to poor childhood health outcomes in the next generation. This cycle can be particularly pernicious for vulnerable and low-income minority populations, including many children of immigrants. And because of…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Economically Disadvantaged, Physical Health, Health Insurance
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Portes, Alejandro; Rivas, Alejandro – Future of Children, 2011
Alejandro Portes and Alejandro Rivas examine how young immigrants are adapting to life in the United States. They begin by noting the existence of two distinct pan-ethnic populations: Asian Americans, who tend to be the offspring of high-human-capital migrants, and Hispanics, many of whose parents are manual workers. Vast differences in each, both…
Descriptors: African Americans, Human Capital, Mexican Americans, Disadvantaged Youth
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