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Kirkorian, Heather L.; Wartella, Ellen A.; Anderson, Daniel R. – Future of Children, 2008
Electronic media, particularly television, have long been criticized for their potential impact on children. One area for concern is how early media exposure influences cognitive development and academic achievement. Heather Kirkorian, Ellen Wartella, and Daniel Anderson summarize the relevant research and provide suggestions for maximizing the…
Descriptors: Television Viewing, Academic Achievement, Preschool Children, Program Effectiveness
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Schmidt, Marie Evans; Vandewater, Elizabeth A. – Future of Children, 2008
Marie Evans Schmidt and Elizabeth Vandewater review research on links between various types of electronic media and the cognitive skills of school-aged children and adolescents. One central finding of studies to date, they say, is that the content delivered by electronic media is far more influential than the media themselves. Most studies, they…
Descriptors: Video Games, Academic Achievement, Hyperactivity, Transfer of Training
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Subrahmanyam, Kaveri; Greenfield, Patricia – Future of Children, 2008
Over the past decade, technology has become increasingly important in the lives of adolescents. As a group, adolescents are heavy users of newer electronic communication forms such as instant messaging, e-mail, and text messaging, as well as communication-oriented Internet sites such as blogs, social networking, and sites for sharing photos and…
Descriptors: Internet, Adolescents, Interpersonal Relationship, Anxiety
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Calvert, Sandra L. – Future of Children, 2008
Marketing and advertising support the U.S. economy by promoting the sale of goods and services to consumers, both adults and children. Sandra Calvert addresses product marketing to children and shows that although marketers have targeted children for decades, two recent trends have increased their interest in child consumers. First, both the…
Descriptors: Advertising, Video Games, Audiences, Marketing
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Scott, Elizabeth S.; Steinberg, Laurence – Future of Children, 2008
Elizabeth Scott and Laurence Steinberg explore the dramatic changes in the law's conception of young offenders between the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twenty-first. At the dawn of the juvenile court era, they note, most youths were tried and punished as if they were adults. Early juvenile court reformers argued strongly…
Descriptors: Adolescent Development, Maturity (Individuals), Violence, Crime
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Mulvey, Edward P.; Iselin, Anne-Marie R. – Future of Children, 2008
The dual requirement to ensure community safety and promote a youthful offender's positive development permeates policy and frames daily practice in juvenile justice. Balancing those two demands, explain Edward Mulvey and Anne-Marie Iselin, requires justice system professionals at all levels to make extremely difficult decisions about the likely…
Descriptors: Juvenile Courts, Adolescents, Computers, Juvenile Justice
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Piquero, Alex R. – Future of Children, 2008
For many years, notes Alex Piquero, youth of color have been overrepresented at every stage of the U.S. juvenile justice system. As with racial disparities in a wide variety of social indicators, the causes of these disparities are not immediately apparent. Some analysts attribute the disparities to "differential involvement"--that is, to…
Descriptors: Social Control, Disproportionate Representation, Social Indicators, Juvenile Justice
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Fagan, Jeffrey – Future of Children, 2008
Rising juvenile crime rates during the 1970s and 1980s spurred state legislatures across the country to exclude or transfer a significant share of offenders under the age of eighteen to the jurisdiction of the criminal court, essentially redrawing the boundary between the juvenile and adult justice systems. Jeffrey Fagan examines the legal…
Descriptors: Judges, Adolescent Development, Crime, State Legislation
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Cauffman, Elizabeth – Future of Children, 2008
Although boys engage in more delinquent and criminal acts than do girls, female delinquency is on the rise. In 1980, boys were four times as likely as girls to be arrested; today they are only twice as likely to be arrested. In this article, the author explores how the juvenile justice system is and should be responding to the adolescent female…
Descriptors: Delinquency, Females, Juvenile Justice, Criminals
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Grisso, Thomas – Future of Children, 2008
In this paper, the author points out that youth with mental disorders make up a significant subgroup of youth who appear in U.S. juvenile courts. And he notes that juvenile justice systems today are struggling to determine how best to respond to those youths' needs, both to safeguard their own welfare and to reduce re-offending and its…
Descriptors: Mental Health, Health Services, Aggression, At Risk Persons
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Chassin, Laurie – Future of Children, 2008
Laurie Chassin focuses on the elevated prevalence of substance use disorders among young offenders in the juvenile justice system and on efforts by the justice system to provide treatment for these disorders. She emphasizes the importance of diagnosing and treating these disorders, which are linked both with continued offending and with a broad…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Chronic Illness, Risk, Juvenile Justice
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Greenwood, Peter – Future of Children, 2008
Over the past decade researchers have identified intervention strategies and program models that reduce delinquency and promote pro-social development. Preventing delinquency, says Peter Greenwood, not only saves young lives from being wasted, but also prevents the onset of adult criminal careers and thus reduces the burden of crime on its victims…
Descriptors: Intervention, Delinquency, Social Behavior, Correctional Institutions
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Roberts, Donald F.; Foehr, Ulla G. – Future of Children, 2008
American youth are awash in media. They have television sets in their bedrooms, personal computers in their family rooms, and digital music players and cell phones in their backpacks. They spend more time with media than any single activity other than sleeping, with the average American eight- to eighteen-year-old reporting more than six hours of…
Descriptors: Ethnicity, Socioeconomic Status, Music, Video Games
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Escobar-Chaves, Soledad Liliana; Anderson, Craig A. – Future of Children, 2008
Liliana Escobar-Chaves and Craig Anderson investigate two important trends among American youth and examine the extent to which the two trends might be related. First, the authors note that U.S. youth are spending increasing amounts of time using electronic media, with the average American youngster now spending one-third of each day with some…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Longitudinal Studies, Health Behavior, At Risk Persons
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Evans, W. Douglas – Future of Children, 2008
Media-related commercial marketing aimed at promoting the purchase of products and services by children, and by adults for children, is ubiquitous and has been associated with negative health consequences such as poor nutrition and physical inactivity. But, as Douglas Evans points out, not all marketing in the electronic media is confined to the…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Health Promotion, Research Methodology, Nutrition
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