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Yi, Youngmin; Wildeman, Christopher – Future of Children, 2018
Children who experience foster care, write Youngmin Yi and Christopher Wildeman, are considerably more likely than others to have contact with the criminal justice system, both during childhood and as adults. And because children of color disproportionately experience foster care, improvements to the foster care system could reduce racial/ethnic…
Descriptors: Foster Care, Intervention, Juvenile Justice, Child Welfare
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McLanahan, Sara; Beck, Audrey N. – Future of Children, 2010
As nonmarital childbearing escalated in the United States over the past half century, fragile families--defined as unmarried couples with children--drew increased interest from researchers and policy makers. Sara McLanahan and Audrey Beck discuss four aspects of parental relationships in these families: the quality of parents' intimate…
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Parent Child Relationship, Fathers, Child Welfare
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Hummer, Robert A.; Hamilton, Erin R. – Future of Children, 2010
Robert Hummer and Erin Hamilton note that the prevalence of fragile families varies substantially by race and ethnicity. African Americans and Hispanics have the highest prevalence; Asian Americans, the lowest; and whites fall somewhere in the middle. The share of unmarried births is lower among most foreign-born mothers than among their U.S.-born…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, African Americans, Racial Differences, At Risk Persons
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Wildeman, Christopher; Western, Bruce – Future of Children, 2010
Since the mid-1970s the U.S. imprisonment rate has increased roughly fivefold. As Christopher Wildeman and Bruce Western explain, the effects of this sea change in the imprisonment rate--commonly called mass imprisonment or the prison boom--have been concentrated among those most likely to form fragile families: poor and minority men with little…
Descriptors: Crime, Safety, Correctional Institutions, Economically Disadvantaged
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Allen, MaryLee; Bissell, Mary – Future of Children, 2004
Even though federal laws have had a major influence on foster care and child welfare policy for more than 40 years, additional reforms are needed to ensure safe and stable families for children in care. This article describes the complex array of policies that shape federal foster care and observes: A number of federal policies addressing issues…
Descriptors: Safety, Courts, Child Welfare, Foster Care
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Wulczyn, Fred – Future of Children, 2004
Reunifying children placed in foster care with their birth parents is a primary goal of the child welfare system. Yet, relatively little is known about the reunification process. This article analyzes new data on trends in family reunification and discovers: (1) Although most children still exit foster care through family reunification, exit…
Descriptors: Racial Factors, Child Welfare, Foster Care, Well Being
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Testa, Mark F. – Future of Children, 2004
Since the 1970s, finding alternative permanent families for children in foster care who could not return to their birth parents has been a primary goal of the child welfare system. Since that time, significant gains have been made in helping such children find permanent homes through adoption and guardianship. This article analyzes these trends…
Descriptors: Placement, Child Welfare, Federal Government, Adoption
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Hernandez, Donald J. – Future of Children, 2004
Several major demographic shifts over the past half-century have transformed who we are and how we live in this country in many ways. Most striking, however, is the fact that children today are much more likely to be members of ethnic or racial minority groups. Racial/ethnic minorities are destined, in aggregate, to become the numerical majority…
Descriptors: Racial Differences, Socioeconomic Influences, Ethnicity, Poverty