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Daro, Deborah – Future of Children, 2019
In the United States, two approaches have developed to exercise collective influence on how parents raise their children. One is mandatory public intervention in families who have placed their children at risk, exemplified by the child welfare system. The other is voluntary offers of assistance, for example, child abuse prevention services that…
Descriptors: Child Safety, Child Welfare, At Risk Persons, Family Programs
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Phelps, Michelle S. – Future of Children, 2018
The United States' high incarceration rate gets a lot of attention from scholars, policy makers, and the public. Yet the most common form of criminal justice supervision is not imprisonment but probation--and that is just as true for juveniles as for adults. Probation was originally promoted as an alternative to imprisonment that would spare…
Descriptors: Crime, Juvenile Justice, Delinquency, Institutionalized Persons
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Gregory, Anne; Fergus, Edward – Future of Children, 2017
Beginning as early as preschool, race and gender are intertwined with the way US schools mete out discipline. In particular, black students and male students are much more likely than others to be suspended or expelled--punishments that we know can hold them back academically. These disparities, and the damage they can cause, have driven recent…
Descriptors: Social Development, Emotional Development, Equal Education, Discipline Policy
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Larr, Allison S.; Neidell, Matthew – Future of Children, 2016
Childhood is a particularly sensitive time when it comes to pollution exposure. Allison Larr and Matthew Neidell focus on two atmospheric pollutants--ozone and particulate matter--that can harm children's health in many ways. Ozone irritates the lungs, causing various respiratory symptoms; it can also damage the lung lining or aggravate lung…
Descriptors: Pollution, Climate, Children, Child Health
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Oppenheimer, Michael; Anttila-Hughes, Jesse K. – Future of Children, 2016
Michael Oppenheimer and Jesse Anttila-Hughes begin with a primer on how the greenhouse effect works, how we know that Earth is rapidly getting warmer, and how we know that the recent warming is caused by human activity. They explain the sources of scientific knowledge about climate change as well as the basis for the models scientists use to…
Descriptors: Climate, Sciences, Evidence, Causal Models
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Aldy, Joseph E. – Future of Children, 2016
Our failure to mobilize sufficient effort to fight climate change reflects a combination of political and economic forces, on both the national and the global level. To state the problem in its simplest terms, writes Joseph Aldy, future, unborn generations would enjoy the benefits of policies to reduce carbon emissions whereas the current…
Descriptors: Climate, Activism, Political Influences, Economic Factors
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Hanna, Rema; Oliva, Paulina – Future of Children, 2016
Climate change may be particularly dangerous for children in developing countries. Even today, many developing countries experience a disproportionate share of extreme weather, and they are predicted to suffer disproportionately from the effects of climate change in the future. Moreover, developing countries often have limited social safety nets,…
Descriptors: Climate, Children, Developing Nations, Foreign Countries
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Hebbeler, Kathleen; Spiker, Donna – Future of Children, 2016
What do we know about young children with delays and disabilities, and how can we help them succeed in prekindergarten through third grade? To begin with, Kathleen Hebbeler and Donna Spiker write, identifying children with delays and disabilities to receive specialized services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act poses several…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Disability Identification, Eligibility, Preschool Education
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Akresh, Richard – Future of Children, 2016
We have good reason to predict that a warming climate will produce more conflict and violence. A growing contingent of researchers has been examining the relationship in recent years, and they've found that hotter temperatures and reduced rainfall are linked to increases in conflict at all scales, from interpersonal violence to war. Children are…
Descriptors: Children, Climate, Conflict, War
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Ribar, David C. – Future of Children, 2015
Marriage between two parents, compared with other family living arrangements, appears, on average, to enhance children's wellbeing and development. Some of the positive association between marriage and children's wellbeing comes from positive associations between marriage and other things that also contribute to children's wellbeing. David Ribar…
Descriptors: Marriage, Well Being, Family Income, Parent Participation
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Wilcox, W. Bradford; Wolfinger, Nicholas H.; Stokes, Charles E. – Future of Children, 2015
Since the 1960s, the United States has witnessed a dramatic retreat from marriage, marked by divorce, cohabitation, single parenthood, and lower overall marriage rates. Marriage is now less likely to anchor adults' lives or provide a stable framework for childrearing, especially among poor and working-class Americans. Much research on the retreat…
Descriptors: Marriage, Social Differences, Cultural Influences, Educational Attainment
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Schneider, Daniel – Future of Children, 2015
In the contemporary United States, marriage is closely related to money. Men and (perhaps to a lesser extent) women with more education, higher incomes, larger stocks of wealth, and more stable employment are more likely to marry than are people in more precarious economic positions. But is this relationship truly causal? That is, does economic…
Descriptors: Marriage, Money Management, Income, Employment Level
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Ellen, Ingrid Gould; Glied, Sherry – Future of Children, 2015
In theory, improving low-income families' housing and neighborhoods could also improve their children's health, through any number of mechanisms. For example, less exposure to environmental toxins could prevent diseases such as asthma; a safer, less violent neighborhood could improve health by reducing the chances of injury and death, and by…
Descriptors: Housing, Neighborhoods, Obesity, Low Income
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Rossin-Slater, Maya – Future of Children, 2015
Children who are healthy early in life--from conception to age five--not only grow up to be healthier adults, they are also better educated, earn more, and contribute more to the economy. The United States lags behind other advanced countries in early childhood health, threatening both the health of future generations and the nation's long-term…
Descriptors: Health Promotion, Intervention, Socioeconomic Status, Young Children
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Haskins, Ron – Future of Children, 2015
The past four decades have seen a rapid decline in marriage rates and a rapid increase in nonmarital births. These changes have had at least three worrisome effects on children. Scholars disagree about the magnitude of these effects, but surveys and other research evidence appear to definitively establish that the nation has more poverty, more…
Descriptors: Family (Sociological Unit), Marriage, Trend Analysis, Public Policy
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