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Rossin-Slater, Maya – Future of Children, 2015
Children who are healthy early in life--from conception to age five--not only grow up to be healthier adults, they are also better educated, earn more, and contribute more to the economy. The United States lags behind other advanced countries in early childhood health, threatening both the health of future generations and the nation's long-term…
Descriptors: Health Promotion, Intervention, Socioeconomic Status, Young Children
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Haskins, Ron – Future of Children, 2015
The past four decades have seen a rapid decline in marriage rates and a rapid increase in nonmarital births. These changes have had at least three worrisome effects on children. Scholars disagree about the magnitude of these effects, but surveys and other research evidence appear to definitively establish that the nation has more poverty, more…
Descriptors: Family (Sociological Unit), Marriage, Trend Analysis, Public Policy
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Heinrich, Carolyn J. – Future of Children, 2014
Since modern welfare reform began in the 1980s, we have seen low-income parents leave the welfare rolls and join the workforce in large numbers. At the same time, the Earned Income Tax Credit has offered a monetary incentive for low-income parents to work. Thus, unlike some of the other two-generation mechanisms discussed in this issue of…
Descriptors: Well Being, Employed Parents, Child Welfare, Parent Child Relationship
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Stabile, Mark; Allin, Sara – Future of Children, 2012
Childhood disabilities entail a range of immediate and long-term economic costs that have important implications for the well-being of the child, the family, and society but that are difficult to measure. In an extensive research review, Mark Stabile and Sara Allin examine evidence about three kinds of costs--direct, out-of-pocket costs incurred…
Descriptors: Working Hours, Physical Disabilities, Mental Health, Disabilities
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Bianchi, Suzanne M. – Future of Children, 2011
American families and workplaces have both changed dramatically over the past half-century. Paid work by women has increased sharply, as has family instability. Education-related inequality in work hours and income has grown. These changes, says Suzanne Bianchi, pose differing work-life issues for parents at different points along the income…
Descriptors: Family Work Relationship, Social Change, Family Life, Employed Parents
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Ruhm, Christopher J. – Future of Children, 2011
The struggle to balance work responsibilities with family obligations may be most difficult for working parents of the youngest children, those five and under. Any policy changes designed to ease the difficulties for these families are likely to be controversial, requiring a careful effort to weigh both the costs and benefits of possible…
Descriptors: Mothers, Early Childhood Education, Federal Programs, Young Children
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McLanahan, Sara; Beck, Audrey N. – Future of Children, 2010
As nonmarital childbearing escalated in the United States over the past half century, fragile families--defined as unmarried couples with children--drew increased interest from researchers and policy makers. Sara McLanahan and Audrey Beck discuss four aspects of parental relationships in these families: the quality of parents' intimate…
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Parent Child Relationship, Fathers, Child Welfare
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Waldfogel, Jane; Craigie, Terry-Ann; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne – Future of Children, 2010
Jane Waldfogel, Terry-Ann Craigie, and Jeanne Brooks-Gunn review recent studies that use data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (FFCWS) to examine why children who grow up in single-mother and cohabiting families fare worse than children born into married-couple households. They also present findings from their own new research.…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Mothers, Children, Family Structure
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Kalil, Ariel; Ryan, Rebecca M. – Future of Children, 2010
Rising rates of nonmarital childbirth in the United States have resulted in a new family type, the fragile family. Such families, which include cohabiting couples as well as single mothers, experience significantly higher rates of poverty and material hardship than their married counterparts. Ariel Kalil and Rebecca Ryan summarize the economic…
Descriptors: Mothers, One Parent Family, Community Programs, Private Financial Support
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Blank, Rebecca M. – Future of Children, 2007
Rebecca Blank explores a weakness of the welfare reforms of the mid-1990s--the failure of the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families program to address the plight of so-called "hard to employ" single mothers and their children. TANF has moved many women on the welfare caseload into work, but the services it provides are not intensive or flexible…
Descriptors: Employment, Substance Abuse, Family Violence, Mothers
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Reichman, Nancy E. – Future of Children, 2005
In the United States black women have for decades been twice as likely as white women to give birth to babies of low birth weight who are at elevated risk for developmental disabilities. Does the black-white disparity in low birth weight contribute to the racial disparity in readiness? The author summarizes the cognitive and behavioral problems…
Descriptors: Prenatal Care, Medical Services, Body Weight, School Readiness
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Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Markman, Lisa B. – Future of Children, 2005
The authors describe various parenting behaviors, such as nurturance, discipline, teaching, and language use, and explain how researchers measure them. They note racial and ethnic variations in several behaviors. Most striking are differences in language use. Black and Hispanic mothers talk less with their young children than do white mothers and…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, School Readiness, Discipline, Mothers
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Thomas, Adam; Sawhill, Isabel – Future of Children, 2005
What do the half-century decline in U.S. marriage and the attendant rise in single parenthood mean for the economic well-being of children, especially children living in single-parent families? Adam Thomas and Isabel Sawhill show how differing living arrangements can be expected to affect families' economic well-being. Married-parent and…
Descriptors: Poverty, Mothers, Family Income, Family (Sociological Unit)
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Currie, Janet – Future of Children, 2005
The author documents pervasive racial disparities in the health of American children and analyzes how and how much those disparities contribute to racial gaps in school readiness. She explores a broad sample of health problems common to U.S. children, such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, asthma, and lead poisoning, as well as maternal…
Descriptors: African American Children, Behavior Problems, School Readiness, Early Childhood Education
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Zaslow, Martha J.; Emig, Carol A. – Future of Children, 1997
Reviews research from the late 1960s through the present that considers how maternal employment affects children in low-income families. Most studies have indicated that children are not harmed when mothers go to work, but it is noted that the women in these studies entered employment voluntarily. (SLD)
Descriptors: Child Welfare, Children, Disadvantaged Youth, Employment Patterns
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