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Haskins, Ron – Future of Children, 2015
The past four decades have seen a rapid decline in marriage rates and a rapid increase in nonmarital births. These changes have had at least three worrisome effects on children. Scholars disagree about the magnitude of these effects, but surveys and other research evidence appear to definitively establish that the nation has more poverty, more…
Descriptors: Family (Sociological Unit), Marriage, Trend Analysis, Public Policy
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Gundersen, Craig – Future of Children, 2015
Food assistance programs--including the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, or food stamps), the National School Lunch Program, and the School Breakfast Program--have been remarkably successful at their core mission: reducing food insecurity among low-income children. Moreover, writes Craig Gundersen, SNAP in particular has also been…
Descriptors: Food, Social Services, Lunch Programs, Breakfast Programs
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Chase-Lansdale, P. Lindsay; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne – Future of Children, 2014
Most of the authors in this issue of "Future of Children" focus on a single strategy for helping both adults and children that could become a component of two-generation programs. Lindsay Chase-Lansdale and Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, on the other hand, look at actual programs with an explicit two-generation focus that have been tried in the…
Descriptors: Human Capital, Early Childhood Education, Adult Education, Job Training
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Bell, Bradford S.; Federman, Jessica E. – Future of Children, 2013
Over the past decade postsecondary education has been moving increasingly from the classroom to online. During the fall 2010 term 31 percent of U.S. college students took at least one online course. The primary reasons for the growth of e-learning in the nation's colleges and universities include the desire of those institutions to generate…
Descriptors: Postsecondary Education, Educational Technology, Computer Uses in Education, Instructional Effectiveness
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Reardon, Sean F.; Valentino, Rachel A.; Shores, Kenneth A. – Future of Children, 2012
How well do U.S. students read? In this article, Sean Reardon, Rachel Valentino, and Kenneth Shores rely on studies using data from national and international literacy assessments to answer this question. In part, the answer depends on the specific literacy skills assessed. The authors show that almost all U.S. students can "read" by…
Descriptors: Literacy, Reading Skills, Developed Nations, Race
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Lesaux, Nonie K. – Future of Children, 2012
Although most young children seem to master reading skills in the early grades of elementary school, many struggle with texts as they move through middle school and high school. Why do children who seem to be proficient readers in third grade have trouble comprehending texts in later grades? To answer this question, Nonie Lesaux describes what is…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Teaching Methods, Secondary School Students, Middle School Students
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Bianchi, Suzanne M. – Future of Children, 2011
American families and workplaces have both changed dramatically over the past half-century. Paid work by women has increased sharply, as has family instability. Education-related inequality in work hours and income has grown. These changes, says Suzanne Bianchi, pose differing work-life issues for parents at different points along the income…
Descriptors: Family Work Relationship, Social Change, Family Life, Employed Parents
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Baum, Sandy; Flores, Stella M. – Future of Children, 2011
The increasing role that immigrants and their children, especially those from Latin America, are playing in American society, Sandy Baum and Stella Flores argue, makes it essential that as many young newcomers as possible enroll and succeed in postsecondary education. Immigrant youths from some countries find the doors to the nation's colleges…
Descriptors: Postsecondary Education, Mexican Americans, Foreign Countries, Immigrants
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Perreira, Krista M.; Ornelas, India J. – Future of Children, 2011
Poor childhood health contributes to lower socioeconomic status in adulthood. Subsequently, low socioeconomic status among parents contributes to poor childhood health outcomes in the next generation. This cycle can be particularly pernicious for vulnerable and low-income minority populations, including many children of immigrants. And because of…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Economically Disadvantaged, Physical Health, Health Insurance
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McLanahan, Sara; Beck, Audrey N. – Future of Children, 2010
As nonmarital childbearing escalated in the United States over the past half century, fragile families--defined as unmarried couples with children--drew increased interest from researchers and policy makers. Sara McLanahan and Audrey Beck discuss four aspects of parental relationships in these families: the quality of parents' intimate…
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Parent Child Relationship, Fathers, Child Welfare
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Lerman, Robert I. – Future of Children, 2010
Young, minority, and poorly educated fathers in fragile families have little capacity to support their children financially and are hard-pressed to maintain stability in raising those children. In this article, Robert Lerman examines the capabilities and contributions of unwed fathers, how their capabilities and contributions fall short of those…
Descriptors: Family Relationship, Job Training, Financial Support, Fathers
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Goldrick-Rab, Sara; Sorensen, Kia – Future of Children, 2010
Noting that access to higher education has expanded dramatically in the past several decades, Sara Goldrick-Rab and Kia Sorensen focus on how unmarried parents fare once they enter college. Contrary to the expectation that access to college consistently promotes family stability and economic security, the authors argue that deficiencies in current…
Descriptors: Counseling Services, Community Colleges, State Aid, College Attendance
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Cowan, Phillip A.; Cowan, Carolyn Pape; Knox, Virginia – Future of Children, 2010
To improve the quality and stability of couple and father-child relationships in fragile families, researchers are beginning to consider how to tailor existing couple-relationship and father-involvement interventions, which are now targeted on married couples, to the specific needs of unwed couples in fragile families. The goal, explain Philip…
Descriptors: Middle Class, Program Development, Fathers, Marriage
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Kalil, Ariel; Ryan, Rebecca M. – Future of Children, 2010
Rising rates of nonmarital childbirth in the United States have resulted in a new family type, the fragile family. Such families, which include cohabiting couples as well as single mothers, experience significantly higher rates of poverty and material hardship than their married counterparts. Ariel Kalil and Rebecca Ryan summarize the economic…
Descriptors: Mothers, One Parent Family, Community Programs, Private Financial Support
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Flanagan, Constance; Levine, Peter – Future of Children, 2010
Constance Flanagan and Peter Levine survey research on civic engagement among U.S. adolescents and young adults. Civic engagement, they say, is important both for the functioning of democracies and for the growth and maturation it encourages in young adults, but opportunities for civic engagement are not evenly distributed by social class or race…
Descriptors: Race, Social Class, Democracy, Citizenship Education
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