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Daro, Deborah – Future of Children, 2019
In the United States, two approaches have developed to exercise collective influence on how parents raise their children. One is mandatory public intervention in families who have placed their children at risk, exemplified by the child welfare system. The other is voluntary offers of assistance, for example, child abuse prevention services that…
Descriptors: Child Safety, Child Welfare, At Risk Persons, Family Programs
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Testa, Mark; Woodruff, Kristen; Bess, Roseana; Milner, Jerry; Woolverton, Maria – Future of Children, 2019
About one-fifth of children involved in investigations for abuse or neglect are placed in foster care. Although some return to their families quickly, others may remain in foster care for years without permanent family relationships. In this article, Mark Testa, Kristen Woodruff, Roseana Bess, Jerry Milner, and Maria Woolverton examine the…
Descriptors: Child Abuse, Child Neglect, Child Welfare, Foster Care
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Berger, Lawrence M.; Font, Sarah A. – Future of Children, 2015
Families influence their children's health in two ways that are amenable to public policy- through their financial and other investments in children, and through the quality of care that they provide. In general, children who receive more resources or better parenting are healthier than those who don't. Public policies, therefore, might improve…
Descriptors: Family Role, Family Programs, Disadvantaged, Child Health
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Osofsky, Joy D.; Chartrand, Molinda M. – Future of Children, 2013
Because most research on military families has focused on children who are old enough to go to school, we know the least about the youngest and perhaps most vulnerable children in these families. Some of what we do know, however, is worrisome--for example, multiple deployments, which many families have experienced during the wars in Iraq and…
Descriptors: Military Personnel, Military Service, Young Children, At Risk Persons
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Stagner, Matthew W.; Lansing, Jiffy – Future of Children, 2009
Matthew Stagner and Jiffy Lansing chart developments in the field of child maltreatment and propose a new framework for preventing child abuse and neglect. They begin by describing the concept of investment-prevention as it has been applied recently in fields such as health care and welfare. They then explain how the new framework applies to…
Descriptors: Child Abuse, Prevention, Child Welfare, Social Networks
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Wulczyn, Fred – Future of Children, 2009
Fred Wulczyn explores how data on the incidence and distribution of child maltreatment shed light on planning and implementing maltreatment prevention programs. He begins by describing and differentiating among the three primary sources of national data on maltreatment. Wulczyn then points out several important patterns in the data. The first…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Child Abuse, Prevention, Child Welfare
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Barth, Richard P. – Future of Children, 2009
Researchers have identified four common co-occurring parental risk factors--substance abuse, mental illness, domestic violence, and child conduct problems--that lead to child maltreatment. The extent to which maltreatment prevention programs must directly address these risk factors to improve responsiveness to parenting programs or can directly…
Descriptors: Family Problems, Family Violence, Child Abuse, Prevention
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Testa, Mark F.; Smith, Brenda – Future of Children, 2009
Evidence linking alcohol and other drug abuse with child maltreatment, particularly neglect, is strong. But does substance abuse cause maltreatment? According to Mark Testa and Brenda Smith, such co-occurring risk factors as parental depression, social isolation, homelessness, or domestic violence may be more directly responsible than substance…
Descriptors: Family Violence, Placement, Homeless People, Child Abuse
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Waldfogel, Jane – Future of Children, 2009
The nation's child protection system (CPS) has historically focused on preventing maltreatment in high-risk families, whose children have already been maltreated. But, as Jane Waldfogel explains, it has also begun developing prevention procedures for children at lower risk--those who are referred to CPS but whose cases do not meet the criteria for…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Family Violence, Child Abuse, Prevention
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Howard, Kimberly S.; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne – Future of Children, 2009
Kimberly Howard and Jeanne Brooks-Gunn examine home visiting, an increasingly popular method for delivering services for families, as a strategy for preventing child abuse and neglect. They focus on early interventions because infants are at greater risk for child abuse and neglect than are older children. In their article, Howard and Brooks-Gunn…
Descriptors: Child Abuse, Parenting Styles, Home Visits, Child Rearing
Bass, Sandra; Shields, Margie K.; Behrman, Richard E. – Future of Children, 2004
This paper focuses on the challenges of helping children after abuse and neglect has occurred by strengthening the web of supports for children and families in foster care. It examines the current state of the foster care system and finds that it is really not a cohesive system but a combination of many overlapping and interacting agencies, all…
Descriptors: Foster Care, Child Welfare, Child Abuse, Child Neglect
Chipungu, Sandra Stukes; Bent-Goodley, Tricia B. – Future of Children, 2004
Over the past two decades, the foster care system experienced an unprecedented rise in the number of children in out-of-home care, significant changes in the policy framework guiding foster care practice, and ongoing organizational impediments that complicate efforts to serve the children in foster care. This article discusses the current status…
Descriptors: Foster Care, African Americans, Minority Groups, Child Welfare
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Lewit, Eugene M.; Baker, Linda Schuurmann – Future of Children, 1998
Explores the situations of "missing" children and discusses sources of information about these children. More than 99% of all missing child cases reported to police in 1996 were successfully resolved, but data suggest that about 150,000 children each year are hurt physically or mentally during the time they are missing. (SLD)
Descriptors: Child Abuse, Child Welfare, Family Problems, Missing Children
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Larson, Carol S. – Future of Children, 1991
Reviews recent actions by state legislatures and courts in response to the problems of drug-exposed newborns. Also discusses civil and criminal court decisions regarding women who use drugs during pregnancy. State policy responses cannot be developed without a detailed assessment of the state's resources. (SLD)
Descriptors: Child Abuse, Child Neglect, Child Welfare, Civil Law
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Courtney, Mark E. – Future of Children, 1998
Summarizes the status of public funding for child protection, contrasts expenditures for foster care versus family services, and traces the links between public assistance and child protection policies. The possibility that the 1996 federal welfare reform law may increase the need for child welfare services and drive up costs of child protection…
Descriptors: Child Abuse, Child Welfare, Costs, Family Programs
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