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Daro, Deborah – Future of Children, 2019
In the United States, two approaches have developed to exercise collective influence on how parents raise their children. One is mandatory public intervention in families who have placed their children at risk, exemplified by the child welfare system. The other is voluntary offers of assistance, for example, child abuse prevention services that…
Descriptors: Child Safety, Child Welfare, At Risk Persons, Family Programs
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Dodge, Kenneth A.; Goodman, W. Benjamin – Future of Children, 2019
How do we screen all families in a population at a single time point, identify family-specific risks, and connect each family with evidence-based community resources that can help them overcome those risks--an approach known as targeted universalism? In this article, Kenneth A. Dodge and W. Benjamin Goodman describe Family Connects, a program…
Descriptors: At Risk Persons, Family Programs, Birth, Home Visits
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Testa, Mark; Woodruff, Kristen; Bess, Roseana; Milner, Jerry; Woolverton, Maria – Future of Children, 2019
About one-fifth of children involved in investigations for abuse or neglect are placed in foster care. Although some return to their families quickly, others may remain in foster care for years without permanent family relationships. In this article, Mark Testa, Kristen Woodruff, Roseana Bess, Jerry Milner, and Maria Woolverton examine the…
Descriptors: Child Abuse, Child Neglect, Child Welfare, Foster Care
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Kousky, Carolyn – Future of Children, 2016
We can expect climate change to alter the frequency, magnitude, timing, and location of many natural hazards. For example, heat waves are likely to become more frequent, and heavy downpours and flooding more common and more intense. Hurricanes will likely grow more dangerous, rising sea levels will mean more coastal flooding, and more-frequent and…
Descriptors: Natural Disasters, Children, Climate, At Risk Students
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Berger, Lawrence M.; Font, Sarah A. – Future of Children, 2015
Families influence their children's health in two ways that are amenable to public policy- through their financial and other investments in children, and through the quality of care that they provide. In general, children who receive more resources or better parenting are healthier than those who don't. Public policies, therefore, might improve…
Descriptors: Family Role, Family Programs, Disadvantaged, Child Health
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Osofsky, Joy D.; Chartrand, Molinda M. – Future of Children, 2013
Because most research on military families has focused on children who are old enough to go to school, we know the least about the youngest and perhaps most vulnerable children in these families. Some of what we do know, however, is worrisome--for example, multiple deployments, which many families have experienced during the wars in Iraq and…
Descriptors: Military Personnel, Military Service, Young Children, At Risk Persons
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Stagner, Matthew W.; Lansing, Jiffy – Future of Children, 2009
Matthew Stagner and Jiffy Lansing chart developments in the field of child maltreatment and propose a new framework for preventing child abuse and neglect. They begin by describing the concept of investment-prevention as it has been applied recently in fields such as health care and welfare. They then explain how the new framework applies to…
Descriptors: Child Abuse, Prevention, Child Welfare, Social Networks
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Wulczyn, Fred – Future of Children, 2009
Fred Wulczyn explores how data on the incidence and distribution of child maltreatment shed light on planning and implementing maltreatment prevention programs. He begins by describing and differentiating among the three primary sources of national data on maltreatment. Wulczyn then points out several important patterns in the data. The first…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Child Abuse, Prevention, Child Welfare
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Daro, Deborah; Dodge, Kenneth A. – Future of Children, 2009
Deborah Daro and Kenneth Dodge observe that efforts to prevent child abuse have historically focused on directly improving the skills of parents who are at risk for or engaged in maltreatment. But, as experts increasingly recognize that negative forces within a community can overwhelm even well-intentioned parents, attention is shifting toward…
Descriptors: Child Abuse, Prevention, Community Responsibility, Cultural Context
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Barth, Richard P. – Future of Children, 2009
Researchers have identified four common co-occurring parental risk factors--substance abuse, mental illness, domestic violence, and child conduct problems--that lead to child maltreatment. The extent to which maltreatment prevention programs must directly address these risk factors to improve responsiveness to parenting programs or can directly…
Descriptors: Family Problems, Family Violence, Child Abuse, Prevention
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Testa, Mark F.; Smith, Brenda – Future of Children, 2009
Evidence linking alcohol and other drug abuse with child maltreatment, particularly neglect, is strong. But does substance abuse cause maltreatment? According to Mark Testa and Brenda Smith, such co-occurring risk factors as parental depression, social isolation, homelessness, or domestic violence may be more directly responsible than substance…
Descriptors: Family Violence, Placement, Homeless People, Child Abuse
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Finkelhor, David – Future of Children, 2009
David Finkelhor examines initiatives to prevent child sexual abuse, which have focused on two primary strategies--offender management and school-based educational programs. Recent major offender management initiatives have included registering sex offenders, notifying communities about their presence, conducting background employment checks,…
Descriptors: Sexual Abuse, Child Abuse, Correctional Institutions, Prevention
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Waldfogel, Jane – Future of Children, 2009
The nation's child protection system (CPS) has historically focused on preventing maltreatment in high-risk families, whose children have already been maltreated. But, as Jane Waldfogel explains, it has also begun developing prevention procedures for children at lower risk--those who are referred to CPS but whose cases do not meet the criteria for…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Family Violence, Child Abuse, Prevention
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Howard, Kimberly S.; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne – Future of Children, 2009
Kimberly Howard and Jeanne Brooks-Gunn examine home visiting, an increasingly popular method for delivering services for families, as a strategy for preventing child abuse and neglect. They focus on early interventions because infants are at greater risk for child abuse and neglect than are older children. In their article, Howard and Brooks-Gunn…
Descriptors: Child Abuse, Parenting Styles, Home Visits, Child Rearing
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Noble, Kimberly G.; Tottenham, Nim; Casey, B. J. – Future of Children, 2005
This article allows readers to look at racial and ethnic disparities in school readiness from a neuroscience perspective. Although researchers have traditionally measured gaps in school readiness using broad achievement tests, they can now assess readiness in terms of more specific brain-based cognitive functions. Three neurocognitive…
Descriptors: School Readiness, Academic Achievement, Achievement Tests, Neurology
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