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Zaslow, Martha J.; Emig, Carol A. – Future of Children, 1997
Reviews research from the late 1960s through the present that considers how maternal employment affects children in low-income families. Most studies have indicated that children are not harmed when mothers go to work, but it is noted that the women in these studies entered employment voluntarily. (SLD)
Descriptors: Child Welfare, Children, Disadvantaged Youth, Employment Patterns
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Hughes, Dana C.; Luft, Harold S. – Future of Children, 1998
Lays the foundation for other articles in this special issue by providing an overview of managed health care as it now operates. Children are increasingly being enrolled in such plans even though there is little information about the effects of managed health care on this population. (SLD)
Descriptors: Children, Health Insurance, Health Maintenance Organizations, Health Services
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Lewit, Eugene M.; Baker, Linda Schuurmann – Future of Children, 1996
Available data on homeless families and children are reviewed, focusing on definitions of homelessness and the most common methods used to estimate the size of the homeless population. Trends in the duration of homelessness and the numbers of families at risk of losing housing are discussed. (SLD)
Descriptors: At Risk Persons, Children, Day Care, Definitions
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Hocutt, Anne M. – Future of Children, 1996
Reviews post 1980 research on inclusion and the effectiveness of special education in general and argues that there is no compelling evidence showing that placement, rather than instruction, is the critical factor in student academic or social success. Research reveals a clear need for special education programs and does not support full-time…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Comparative Analysis, Educational Research, Elementary Education
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Future of Children, 1995
Examines what is known about immigrant children and families, and identifies relevant issues that warrant further research. Emerging themes include the need to address health care and education policies regarding immigrant children, the importance of understanding public concern over the costs of immigrants, and the value of looking at immigrant…
Descriptors: Child Welfare, Economically Disadvantaged, Educational Needs, Educational Policy
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Carter, Lucy Salcido; Weithorn, Lois A.; Behrman, Richard E. – Future of Children, 1999
Summarizes current knowledge about the prevalence and effects of childhood exposure to domestic violence. Describes responses to this problem by the services systems with which children exposed to violence have contact and explores what is known about how well these responses work. (Contains 97 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Children, Family Violence, Incidence, Intervention
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Johnston, Janet R. – Future of Children, 1994
Reviews available research studies of high-conflict divorce and its effects on children. Factors believed to contribute to high-conflict divorce are explored, and a model of their interrelationships is proposed. Dispute resolution, intervention, and prevention programs are discussed, and implications for social policy are outlined. (SLD)
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Behavior Problems, Children, Conflict
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Daro, Deborah A. – Future of Children, 1994
Reviews the development of theory and programs for child sexual abuse prevention and the evidence regarding the efficacy of current child sexual abuse prevention programs. Suggestions are provided for expanding prevention efforts to include public and parent education, life-skills training for young adults, support groups for vulnerable children…
Descriptors: Child Abuse, Educational Needs, Prevention, Program Effectiveness
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Earls, Felton J. – Future of Children, 1994
Reviews the state of knowledge about the magnitude of youth violence, its causes and consequences; and explores the effectiveness of interventions available to criminal justice, school, and mental health authorities, as well as the potential of new treatment initiatives. The article concludes with recommendations for future policymaking and…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Behavior Theories, Comparative Analysis, Crime
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Brodzinsky, David M. – Future of Children, 1993
A selective view of the professional literature indicates that, although most adoptees are well within the normal range of functioning, as a group they are more vulnerable to various emotional, behavioral, and academic problems than their nonadopted peers living in intact homes with their biological parents. Methodological problems associated with…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Adjustment (to Environment), Adolescents, Adoption
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Behrman, Richard E., Ed.; Lewit, Eugene M., Ed. – Future of Children, 1992
The articles in this journal issue provide an overview of ways in which health services are presently delivered to children, youth, and pregnant women; the means by which these services are financed; and some of the major deficiencies in meeting the health needs of these groups. In the first article, the Center for the Future of Children presents…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Child Health, Children, Federal Programs
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Barnett, W. Steven – Future of Children, 1995
Reviews 36 studies of both model demonstration projects and large-scale public programs to examine the long-term effects of these programs on children from low-income families. Results show early childhood programs can produce significant short-term benefits on intelligence quotient, and important long-term benefits on school achievement, grade…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cognitive Development, Comparative Analysis, Day Care
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St. Pierre, Robert G.; And Others – Future of Children, 1995
Describes two-generation programs and how they differ from earlier single-focus approaches to serve children and families. Results from six programs are reviewed and indicate mixed and modest success in promoting the development of children and improving the parenting skills and economic self-sufficiency of parents. Recommendations are presented…
Descriptors: Child Behavior, Child Development, Child Rearing, Comparative Analysis
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Frede, Ellen C. – Future of Children, 1995
Reviews studies that defined and measured the effects of quality in early child care and education, and analyzes successful programs to determine common traits. Common characteristics include small class sizes; teacher support for greater teaching effectiveness; long-lasting intervention; ongoing, child-focused communication between home and…
Descriptors: Child Development, Class Size, Community Programs, Comparative Analysis
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Szilagyi, Peter G. – Future of Children, 1998
Reviews what is known about the effect of managed care on access to health services, as well as utilization of hospital care, emergency department visits, primary care services, and specialty pediatric services. The effect of managed care appears dependent on several factors and, thus, is likely to vary according to the population served. (SLD)
Descriptors: Children, Health Insurance, Health Maintenance Organizations, Health Services
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