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Karoly, Lynn A. – Future of Children, 2016
One way to assess the value of preschool education programs is to compare their upfront costs with the economic benefits they produce, measured by such outcomes as less need for special education services, improved high school graduation rates, higher earnings and less criminal activity in adulthood, and so on. What do such benefit-cost analyses…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Outcomes of Education, Preschool Education, Program Evaluation
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Barrow, Lisa; Markman-Pithers, Lisa – Future of Children, 2016
Simply put, children with poor English skills are less likely to succeed in school and beyond. What's the best way to teach English to young children who aren't native English speakers? In this article, Lisa Barrow and Lisa Markman-Pithers examine the state of English learner education in the United States and review the evidence behind different…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Teaching Methods, Bilingualism, Bilingual Education
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Hebbeler, Kathleen; Spiker, Donna – Future of Children, 2016
What do we know about young children with delays and disabilities, and how can we help them succeed in prekindergarten through third grade? To begin with, Kathleen Hebbeler and Donna Spiker write, identifying children with delays and disabilities to receive specialized services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act poses several…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Disability Identification, Eligibility, Preschool Education
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Clements, Douglas H.; Sarama, Julie – Future of Children, 2016
Do young children naturally develop the foundations of science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM)? And if so, should we build on these foundations by using STEM curricula in preschools? In this article, Douglas Clements and Julie Sarama argue that the answer to both these questions is yes. First, the authors show that young children possess…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Preschool Education, Kindergarten, Skill Development
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Yoshikawa, Hirokazu; Weiland, Christina; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne – Future of Children, 2016
We have many reasons to invest in preschool programs, including persistent gaps in school readiness between children from poorer and wealthier families, large increases in maternal employment over the past several decades, and the rapid brain development that preschool-age children experience. But what do we know about preschool education's…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Program Effectiveness, Young Children, Language Skills
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Raver, C. Cybele; Blair, Clancy – Future of Children, 2016
In this article, Cybele Raver and Clancy Blair explore a group of cognitive processes called executive function (EF)--including the flexible control of attention, the ability to hold information through working memory, and the ability to maintain inhibitory control. EF processes are crucial for young children's learning. On the one hand, they can…
Descriptors: Attention, Short Term Memory, Inhibition, Executive Function
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Phillips, Deborah; Austin, Lea J. E.; Whitebook, Marcy – Future of Children, 2016
In this article, Deborah Phillips, Lea Austin, and Marcy Whitebook examine educational preparation, compensation, and professional development among the early childhood workforce. Their central theme is that these features look very different for preschool teachers than they do for the elementary school teaching workforce. Most teachers of…
Descriptors: Preschool Teachers, Early Childhood Education, Teacher Qualifications, Faculty Development
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Magnuson, Katherine; Schindler, Holly S. – Future of Children, 2016
Parents strongly influence their children's development, and prekindergarten and early elementary programs--especially those serving children at risk for low achievement because of their family backgrounds--often feature programming to support parents' role in their children's learning. Despite the prevalence of such programs, however, we have…
Descriptors: Parent Influence, Parent Education, Parent Participation, Parent School Relationship
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Murnane, Richard J. – Future of Children, 2007
Richard Murnane observes that the American ideal of equality of educational opportunity has for years been more the rhetoric than the reality of the nation's political life. Children living in poverty, he notes, tend to be concentrated in low-performing schools staffed by ill-equipped teachers. They are likely to leave school without the skills…
Descriptors: Poverty, Graduation Rate, Federal Legislation, School Choice
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Barnett, W. Steven; Belfield, Clive R. – Future of Children, 2006
Steven Barnett and Clive Belfield examine the effects of preschool education on social mobility in the United States. They note that under current policy three- and four-year-old children from economically and educationally disadvantaged families have higher preschool attendance rates than other children. But current programs fail to enroll even…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Social Mobility, Young Children, Disadvantaged Youth
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Kumanyika, Shiriki; Grier, Sonya – Future of Children, 2006
Although rates of childhood obesity among the general population are alarmingly high, they are higher still in ethnic minority and low-income communities. The disparities pose a major challenge for policymakers and practitioners planning strategies for obesity prevention. In this article Shiriki Kumanyika and Sonya Grier summarize differences in…
Descriptors: Neighborhoods, Television Viewing, Obesity, Physical Activities