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Liu, Bohong; Li, Yani – Frontiers of Education in China, 2010
In the field of Chinese higher education, gender is still a significant issue, as is a general ignorance of gender discrimination against women. Issues related to gender can be observed throughout the process of education: at the time of entering an institution, during the educational process and as an outcome of education. The following seven…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Females, Student Organizations, Gender Discrimination
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Zeng, Xiaodong – Frontiers of Education in China, 2009
Regulation refers to governmental restrictions over enterprise in order to protect public interest. Research on governmental regulation in China primarily focuses on public utility, and inadequate attention has been paid to regulating college tuition. Currently, although the educational administrative agencies have successfully kept college…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Cost Effectiveness, Tuition, Government Role
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Shi, Kouzhu – Frontiers of Education in China, 2008
Private schools were very prosperous in Shanghai during the Republican period. Shanghai Municipal Educational Bureau adopted a pattern of indirect management, especially attaching importance to normalizing and guiding the mechanism for operating a school by taking the basic measures for the registration administration. Meanwhile, appropriate…
Descriptors: Private Schools, Educational Finance, Educational Administration, Public Education
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Jinyu, Qi – Frontiers of Education in China, 2008
China's Western Development is a policy adopted to boost its less developed Western regions, that is, a systematic project and a longterm and arduous task. The development of compulsory education in China's minority areas is the key to it. This paper attempts to use the beneficial experience of developing compulsory education support system of…
Descriptors: Compulsory Education, Foreign Countries, Financial Support, Educational Finance
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Pan, Maoyuan; Luo, Dan – Frontiers of Education in China, 2008
Four financial models of massification of higher education are discussed in this essay. They are American model, Western European model, Southeast Asian and Latin American model and the transition countries model. The comparison of the four models comes to the conclusion that taking advantage of nongovernmental funding is fundamental to dealing…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Comparative Analysis, College Administration, Educational Finance
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Hongju, Wei – Frontiers of Education in China, 2008
China's "Compulsory Education Law," determining the development of compulsory education, was first promulgated in 1986 and then amended in 2006. It has been a symbolic milestone in the history of Chinese education. During two decades, there have been totally 8 influential reforms in compulsory education funding policy. From the viewpoint…
Descriptors: Compulsory Education, Foreign Countries, Educational Policy, Educational Finance
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Xu, Guoxing – Frontiers of Education in China, 2008
The research findings have made it clear that Chinese college student aid policy has several characteristics. Generally speaking, student financial aid is increasing up to some extent. The government financial aids focus mostly on improving equality of educational opportunity in higher education. However, aids from the government are inadequate,…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Student Financial Aid, Student Loan Programs, Foreign Countries
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Yu, Jianhai – Frontiers of Education in China, 2008
Policy burdens of HEIs (higher education institutions) lead to the soft budget constraint (SBC) and the excessive loans of HEIs. Since information asymmetry and incentive are incompatible, policy burdens will result in the adverse selection of the president, and the excessive loans and low efficiency of HEIs. When HEIs are with policy burdens, the…
Descriptors: Debate, Accountability, Foreign Countries, Higher Education
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Ding, Weili; Lu, Ming – Frontiers of Education in China, 2007
Lacking guidance of general equilibrium (GE) theories in public economics and the corresponding proper mechanisms, China has not surprisingly witnessed an inequality in educational expenditures across regions as well as insufficiency of funds for education in poor areas. It is wrongly thought that what happens is due to the decentralized financing…
Descriptors: Human Capital, Educational Finance, Foreign Countries, Access to Education
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Zhou, Guoping; Xie, Zuoxu – Frontiers of Education in China, 2007
In recent years, closing down private higher education institutions (HEIs) has become a serious problem in China. It seems that doubt is cast on the rationality of private HEIs and severe competition contributes a lot to their development. Many problems in the process of self-development are caused by both internal and external factors. From the…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Foreign Countries, Sustainable Development, Private Colleges
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Yao, Yun – Frontiers of Education in China, 2007
Having experienced three stages of "preliminary establishment", "rapid and comprehensive development" and "steady development" for twenty years, China's postdoctoral system is moving towards a new one, the stage of "quality improvement and innovation development." Remarkable achievements in the system…
Descriptors: Postdoctoral Education, Scientific Research, Foreign Countries, Vocational Education
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Zhao, Hongbin; Sun, Baicai – Frontiers of Education in China, 2007
In China's current educational fiscal decision making, problems are as follows: no law to trust or not abiding by available laws, absence of equity and efficiency, as well as the standardization of decision-making procedures. It is necessary to set up effective fiscal decision-making mechanism in education and rationally devise reliable paths.
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Foreign Countries, Economics, Economic Factors
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Cai, Yingqi; Feng, Xiaoxia – Frontiers of Education in China, 2007
This paper presents a profile about the financial system of the early childhood education (ECE) in China. The problems discussed are related to (1) segmentation of Tiao and Kuai (some education institutions are directly administered by provincial governments, and some were affiliated to the relative administrative departments of the state), (2)…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Foreign Countries, Educational Equity (Finance), Educational Finance
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Li, Zu-chao; Xu, Wen – Frontiers of Education in China, 2006
According to records from 2002, there will be a continuous increase in the number of classes, full-time teachers and teaching staff in urban primary and junior secondary schools during the period 2005-2020. At the same time, the demand for classes and teachers of non-compulsory education will decrease yearly. It is estimated that the budgetary…
Descriptors: Compulsory Education, Educational Demand, Urban Areas, Urban Schools
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Zhang, Min-xuan – Frontiers of Education in China, 2006
From a financial perspective, the criteria for category distinction of higher education institutions should be based on the ownership of institution property and income for recurrent expenditure. The development of modern higher education witnessed the period wherein higher education institutions have both private property and private payment for…
Descriptors: Expenditures, Higher Education, Ownership, Financial Support
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