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Fox-Cardamone, Lee – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2010
The literature on higher education in the United States has maintained a place for the specific topic of discrimination against women in the American academy. Institutional restrictions, invisible ceilings, hidden hierarchies--all of these have entered into the discussion surrounding both the failure of women to progress through the academic ranks…
Descriptors: Academic Rank (Professional), Universities, Females, Case Method (Teaching Technique)
Webb, Joyce G. – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2010
On April 20, 2010, United States President Barack Obama issued a proclamation declaring National Equal Pay Day. In the proclamation it was recognized that despite years of progress in the workforce, women are still not paid as much as men. The proclamation states: Throughout our Nation's history, extraordinary women have broken barriers to achieve…
Descriptors: Daughters, Salary Wage Differentials, Females, Gender Differences
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Brantmeier, Cindy – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2006
Bernhardt (2003) claims that half of the variance in second language (L2) reading is accounted for by first language literacy (20%) and second language knowledge (30%), and that one of the central goals of current L2 reading research should be to investigate the 50% of variance that remains unexplained. Part of this variance takes consists of…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Reading Research, Gender Differences, Test Format