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Levitt, Roberta – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2017
The enactment of the No Child Left Behind Act (2002) and the subsequent succession of legislative acts have had a profound impact on educational policy. An increased emphasis on teacher accountability and effectiveness led to the use of standardized test results to determine tangible rewards or punishments. In response, a culture of teaching to…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Common Core State Standards, Educational Policy
Brown, Jami; Casolari, Amber – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2015
The gender wage gap in the United States is a well-documented social and economic phenomenon. The Equal Pay Act of 1963 has done little to bring parity between men's and women's wages. Existing data show a relationship between race, age, geography, immigration, education, and women's pay status. This study analyzes wage disparity within higher…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Salary Wage Differentials, Community Colleges, Federal Legislation
Tyler, Kathleen P. – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2012
Interest in child development as a knowledge base for early childhood education programs flourished in the 1970s as a result of the theories and philosophies of Jean Piaget and other cognitive developmentalists. During subsequent decades in America, reform movements emphasizing accountability and achievement became a political and social…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Educational Change
Dansby, Jacqueline O.; Dansby-Giles, Gloria – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2011
Educational reform in the United States has focused on several factors such as academic achievement, performance on standardized test scores, dropout rates, the mandate of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001 (Dee and Jacob, 2010) and other changes. A new call for a broader and bolder strategy for educational reform that focused on…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Graduation Rate, Disadvantaged, Dropout Rate
Compton, Nina H.; Compton, J. Douglas – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2010
Title IX of the Education Reformation Act was passed in 1972 for the purpose of providing equality between males and females in intercollegiate sports. Since its inception the disparity between men's and women's varsity athletics programs has persisted throughout American colleges and universities. Discrimination and equal protection concerns…
Descriptors: College Athletics, Womens Athletics, Gender Bias, Gender Discrimination
Cole, Helen; Hulley, Kathy; Quarles, Peggy – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2009
This paper presents the differing sides to the discussion of how much assessment is too much. A teacher survey was administered to practicing teachers in the Lincoln Memorial University graduate program to determine how assessment affects classroom instruction and student learning. The research reflects more often than not that assessment does…
Descriptors: Student Evaluation, Federal Legislation, Performance Based Assessment, Teacher Surveys
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Shah, Amee P. – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2008
Purpose: The present paper is geared to help speech-language pathologists and other members of the school-based teams to become acquainted with the new educational structure and context in schools today as driven by NCLB [No Child Left Behind Act], and thus, be better prepared to meet the needs of CLD [Culturally and Linguistically Diverse]…
Descriptors: Speech Language Pathology, Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Student Diversity
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Cadiero-Kaplan, Karen; Billings, Elsa S. – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2008
Presently in the United States there are 4.4 million English language learners (ELLs) in public schools, with California public schools being home to more than 40% of these students (Rumberger & Gandara, 2004). Research indicates that it takes an individual up to seven years to fully develop a second language (Collier, 1987; Krashen, 1994).…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, English (Second Language), Language of Instruction, Educational Policy
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Meyen, Edward L.; Greer, Diana L.; Poggio, John C. – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2008
The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) legislation in the United States is not equivalent to a national curriculum; however, it does set forth some conditions essential for enhancing student achievement at scale (e.g., curriculum standards, assessment standards, and expectations of compliance). The missing component within these conditions is support for…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Academic Standards, Alignment (Education)
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Beisser, Sally R. – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2008
Since the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) legislation, education policy makers have focused on students at the lower end of the achievement spectrum, specifically those struggling to meet standards, particularly in reading and mathematics. However, those who are considered gifted have been increasingly underserved, at the expense of high ability…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Academically Gifted, Accountability
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Shapiro, Arthur; Thompson, Alana S. – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2008
In this paper the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act, a top-down, one-size-fits-all coercive nostrum constructed by politicians purportedly to improve all American public schools that piddles with symptoms rather than deal with root causes, is first delineated and analyzed. Its departure from local educational governance to an accountability-focused…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Constructivism (Learning), Educational Indicators
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Watkins, Sandra; Sheng, Zhaohui – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2008
The study analyzes the achievement trends of all third grade students in the state of Illinois who scored in the Exceeds category in reading and mathematics on the Illinois Standards Achievement Test (ISAT) in the year 2000. ISAT performance of this cohort group of students was followed through the eighth grade. Descriptive analyses were utilized…
Descriptors: State Standards, National Standards, Academic Standards, Advanced Students
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Inserra, Albert; Bossert, Kenneth R. – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2008
The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, sponsored by President George W. Bush, calls for 100 percent proficiency in reading and mathematics by 2014. This Federal mandate has caused all public schools in the United States to examine the programs in use to meet these requirements. In addition, states across the country have implemented a series of…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, High Stakes Tests, Elementary School Teachers, Teacher Attitudes
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Casas, Martha – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2008
This paper first examines the impact of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) of 2001 on the academic performance of Latino students in the U.S. Although the purpose behind NCLB is to help improve academic proficiency in the areas of reading, language arts, and mathematics, research demonstrates that there is still an achievement gap between…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Hispanic American Students, Academic Achievement
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Haydar, Hanna – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2008
Under The No Child Left Behind act, beginning mathematics teachers in New York City find themselves at the crossroad of multi-level educational policies that span the different domains of the teaching profession, from the recruitment and support process to accountability, standards and assessment requirements, to pedagogical models and the…
Descriptors: Beginning Teachers, Mathematics Teachers, Educational Policy, Urban Schools
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