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Kawabata, Tomoko; Nagahori, Noriko – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2018
The objective of this research is to discuss how Sociology contributes to identify "the experience of the unconscious gender bias" against female scientists and to assess its impact on their career development. This research is at the first stage of three-year research project. The final aim of this research is to identify the social…
Descriptors: Sociology, Social Science Research, Gender Bias, Women Scientists
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Levitt, Roberta – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2017
The enactment of the No Child Left Behind Act (2002) and the subsequent succession of legislative acts have had a profound impact on educational policy. An increased emphasis on teacher accountability and effectiveness led to the use of standardized test results to determine tangible rewards or punishments. In response, a culture of teaching to…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Common Core State Standards, Educational Policy
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Marksbury, Nancy – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2017
Higher education institutions are charged with creating one million more STEM professionals over the next decade, a 34% increase in undergraduate STEM degrees annually (PCAST 2012). Examining why college STEM courses manifest high attrition rates, interdependencies emerge that begin in early childhood education. Those of us in higher education…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Rural Areas, Elementary School Teachers, Faculty Development
Brown, Jami; Casolari, Amber – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2015
The gender wage gap in the United States is a well-documented social and economic phenomenon. The Equal Pay Act of 1963 has done little to bring parity between men's and women's wages. Existing data show a relationship between race, age, geography, immigration, education, and women's pay status. This study analyzes wage disparity within higher…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Salary Wage Differentials, Community Colleges, Federal Legislation
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Teague, Leah Jackson – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2015
Leaders with a diverse set of experiences, viewpoints, and backgrounds are crucial to encouraging different perspectives, broadening an institution's world views, and fostering innovation particularly important at colleges and universities responsible for educating and training future leaders, workers, and citizens. Studies show that gender…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Role of Education, Females, Sex Role
Emanuel, Richard C.; Challons-Lipton, Siu – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2013
The need for increased creativity in education is currently being proposed in much innovative thinking on higher education as universities are forced to recreate themselves. There are four conditions facing higher education worldwide: alignment, motivation, connection, and direction. Higher education is characterized by a hierarchy of subjects and…
Descriptors: Creativity, Educational Change, Higher Education, Liberal Arts
Webb, Joyce G. – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2010
On April 20, 2010, United States President Barack Obama issued a proclamation declaring National Equal Pay Day. In the proclamation it was recognized that despite years of progress in the workforce, women are still not paid as much as men. The proclamation states: Throughout our Nation's history, extraordinary women have broken barriers to achieve…
Descriptors: Daughters, Salary Wage Differentials, Females, Gender Differences
Brucker, Mary C. – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2009
Midwifery is one of the universal professions. At the end of the nineteenth century, midwives in the United States were disenfranchised from the mainstream. A concerted effort was waged by male physicians to characterize midwifery practices as unscientific while simultaneously preventing midwives from obtaining formal education. Although midwifery…
Descriptors: Obstetrics, Higher Education, Educational History, Nursing Education
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De Corte, Erik; Masui, Chris – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2008
Higher education is facing world-wide a number of problems such as: adjusting to larger and more homogeneous student populations, increasing the number of graduating students, and preparing them for lifelong learning. Enhancing students' learning proficiency can make a substantial contribution to solving each of these major concerns. Taking the…
Descriptors: Pretests Posttests, Higher Education, College Freshmen, Economics Education
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Pasque, Penny A. – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2008
This research study explores the various and complex perspectives of higher education's relationships to society as shared through discourse by higher education policy leaders. Leaders' perspectives from 250 university presidents, legislators, faculty, community partners, foundation officers and graduate students during a twelve day national…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Educational Policy, Resistance (Psychology), Females
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Mian, Shabbir M.; Marx, Jeffrey D.; Pagonis, Vasilis – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2008
In the United States, the undergraduate general education curriculum by and large requires students take courses from the arts and humanities as well as the sciences in order to produce well-rounded or liberally educated individuals. This educational philosophy is in line with C. P. Snow's recommendation for increased communication between the…
Descriptors: Physics, Science Instruction, Science Curriculum, Higher Education
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Chitiga, Miriam Miranda – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2008
The article examines the major influences of the black Zimbabwean boundless-extended family system on the professional trajectories of women leaders working within the higher education system of Zimbabwe. The study is based on in-depth interviews conducted with thirty female leaders who shared information about their major family responsibilities.…
Descriptors: Females, Women Administrators, Foreign Countries, Higher Education
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Musialkowska, Ida – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2008
After joining the European Union, many aspects of economic and social development are changing in Poland. Change is necessary in many areas, including the areas of research and education and their links to practice as it is broadly understood practice. Some areas seem neglected by the policy-makers. This article will refer to the question of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Research and Development, Educational Policy
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Bohlin, Henrik – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2008
One of the most fundamental questions that can be asked about education is what it is for. Why do we need education? Which are its most fundamental purposes? The most obvious and generally accepted answer is that education aims at providing students with knowledge and skills which match the demands of employers, thus enabling students to find jobs…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Colleges, College Students, Foreign Countries
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Schmaling, Karen B. – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2007
The underrepresentation of women in leadership positions in higher education is well documented. There are a number of potential reasons for this gender disparity, but gender discrimination appears to be an important maintenance factor. The paper proposes a taxonomy of gender microaggressions, which are forms of gender discrimination, to help…
Descriptors: Females, Women Administrators, Disproportionate Representation, Higher Education
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