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Levitt, Roberta – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2017
The enactment of the No Child Left Behind Act (2002) and the subsequent succession of legislative acts have had a profound impact on educational policy. An increased emphasis on teacher accountability and effectiveness led to the use of standardized test results to determine tangible rewards or punishments. In response, a culture of teaching to…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Common Core State Standards, Educational Policy
Gruebel, Robert W.; Childs, Kimberly – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2013
The Texas statewide assessment of academic skills in 1997 indicated that >55 % of the student population failed to master the mathematics objectives set by the test criteria and 42 % of the mathematics teachers at the secondary level in the East Texas region were categorized as underqualified to teach mathematics at that level. The issue of…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Teacher Qualifications, Teacher Competencies, Capacity Building
Emanuel, Richard C.; Challons-Lipton, Siu – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2013
The need for increased creativity in education is currently being proposed in much innovative thinking on higher education as universities are forced to recreate themselves. There are four conditions facing higher education worldwide: alignment, motivation, connection, and direction. Higher education is characterized by a hierarchy of subjects and…
Descriptors: Creativity, Educational Change, Higher Education, Liberal Arts
Dansby, Jacqueline O.; Dansby-Giles, Gloria – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2011
Educational reform in the United States has focused on several factors such as academic achievement, performance on standardized test scores, dropout rates, the mandate of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001 (Dee and Jacob, 2010) and other changes. A new call for a broader and bolder strategy for educational reform that focused on…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Graduation Rate, Disadvantaged, Dropout Rate
Brucker, Mary C. – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2009
Midwifery is one of the universal professions. At the end of the nineteenth century, midwives in the United States were disenfranchised from the mainstream. A concerted effort was waged by male physicians to characterize midwifery practices as unscientific while simultaneously preventing midwives from obtaining formal education. Although midwifery…
Descriptors: Obstetrics, Higher Education, Educational History, Nursing Education
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Pasque, Penny A. – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2008
This research study explores the various and complex perspectives of higher education's relationships to society as shared through discourse by higher education policy leaders. Leaders' perspectives from 250 university presidents, legislators, faculty, community partners, foundation officers and graduate students during a twelve day national…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Educational Policy, Resistance (Psychology), Females
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Musialkowska, Ida – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2008
After joining the European Union, many aspects of economic and social development are changing in Poland. Change is necessary in many areas, including the areas of research and education and their links to practice as it is broadly understood practice. Some areas seem neglected by the policy-makers. This article will refer to the question of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Research and Development, Educational Policy
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Olesen, Mogens Noergaard – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2008
In this paper we will examine some of the problems and difficulties in modern university teaching and how these difficulties were overcome and the problems were solved. Because the syllabus in Danish (and other European) high schools has been substantially weakened over the last decade and especially since 2002, the university students have…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Mathematics Education, College Mathematics, Change Strategies
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Bohlin, Henrik – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2008
One of the most fundamental questions that can be asked about education is what it is for. Why do we need education? Which are its most fundamental purposes? The most obvious and generally accepted answer is that education aims at providing students with knowledge and skills which match the demands of employers, thus enabling students to find jobs…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Colleges, College Students, Foreign Countries
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Summerlee, Alastair J. S.; Murray, Jacqueline – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2008
Universities worldwide are facing a number of contradictory and competing pressures that range from under-funding to the very nature of universities and their roles in society. Pressures of the information explosion, the democratization of information through access to the Internet, and the advent of the knowledge-based economies have changed the…
Descriptors: College Freshmen, Educational Change, Introductory Courses, Instructional Innovation
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Arndt, David – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2007
The debate over the crisis in the humanities has focused on several disparate problems but failed to illuminate their underlying ground. To understand the crisis we have to understand the genealogy of the university and the origin of the humanities as a distinct set of disciplines. The university has been governed by four distinct models of higher…
Descriptors: Humanities, Higher Education, Models, Liberal Arts
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Sivalingam, G. – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2007
The study will trace the external factors influencing the liberalization, deregulation and privatization of higher education in Malaysia from 1970 to the present and to analyze the effects of liberalization, deregulation and privatization on the modes of privatization and the internal restructuring of institutions of higher learning to increase…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Privatization, Foreign Countries, School Restructuring