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Leppard, Lynden – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2018
This paper shares findings from case study research into how school principals respond to ethical dilemmas. Preliminary research instigated a criteriological inquiry into the nature of schools as systems and findings of that inquiry conclude that schools are complex adaptive social systems rather than the open complicated systems they are…
Descriptors: Principals, Ethics, Administrator Role, Responses
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Kensicki, Marybeth – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2018
Years ago, before smoking was passé, Virginia Slims cigarettes had the marketing slogan: "We've come a long way baby." Now women must ask themselves if, in fact, they really have advanced. The question is what have we learned throughout the last several decades, maybe even last two or three centuries. Unfortunately, some of that learning…
Descriptors: Females, Feminism, History, Social Attitudes
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Salas, Rachel G. – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2018
The current president of the United States, Donald J. Trump, has consistently disparaged immigrants entering the U.S. but he has saved his most vitriolic language to describe undocumented immigrants who come from countries south of the U.S. border. He has called this Latinx population criminals, rapist, drug dealers, and animals among other…
Descriptors: Presidents, Immigration, Undocumented Immigrants, Hispanic Americans
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Fahsl, Allison Jane; Hope, Jennifer Michelle Gauble – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2018
This paper presents the model and preliminary results of an investigation into the effects of professional development for teachers in the area of early childhood mathematics. The purpose of this two-year project is to improve the confidence, knowledge, and skills of rural early childhood educators to provide effective and ongoing instruction to…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Early Childhood Education, Rural Schools, Preschool Teachers
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Kawabata, Tomoko; Nagahori, Noriko – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2018
The objective of this research is to discuss how Sociology contributes to identify "the experience of the unconscious gender bias" against female scientists and to assess its impact on their career development. This research is at the first stage of three-year research project. The final aim of this research is to identify the social…
Descriptors: Sociology, Social Science Research, Gender Bias, Women Scientists
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Ghongkedze, Mary N. – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2018
This paper explores generic factors that prevent children from normally reaching their full potentials. Early childhood is a period when children should normally grow in an environment which is secured, friendly, filled with warmth, and nurturing to enhance the holistic growth of all children. There are many theories, ideologies, and policies to…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Children, Child Development, Barriers
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Keith, Christina S. – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2018
While it is important to recognize the economic background of students and home factors contributing to their achievement, the purpose of this study was to discover what best practices schools were implementing with low socioeconomic students to narrow the achievement gap in communication arts (Darling-Hammond & Richardson, 2009; Gorski, 2013;…
Descriptors: Reading Achievement, Achievement Gap, Best Practices, Low Income Students
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Hitt, Kathleen – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2018
An older woman seeking a sexual relationship with a younger man has often in the past been described as a "paramour" or "illicit inamorata" but in today's lexicon, we are increasingly utilizing the term "Cougar." The usual mental image of the cougar is commonly of an animal ready to pounce, seeking its prey, on the…
Descriptors: Females, Gender Differences, Power Structure, Language Usage
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King, Debra Walker – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2018
This paper addresses the tensions animating Alice Walker's fame and infamy as it pertains to Christianity and Black feminists who identify as womanists--a term originated by Walker and adopted by Black Feminist Theologians almost immediately. It asks: who is God in the womanist discourse of Alice Walker? The essay claims Walker's oeuvre offers a…
Descriptors: African Americans, Authors, African American Literature, Novels
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Dreher, John H. – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2018
This paper explores the use of irony in narratives that focus on the problem of knowing what we do not know. Sometimes issues arise on a grand scale, as in the literature of Socrates, Pascal, and Descartes, where the question really is whether we can know anything at all or whether all that we can know is that there is nothing worth knowing that…
Descriptors: Epistemology, Figurative Language, Philosophy, Theories
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Reza, Fawzia – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2018
Primary education is one of the basic human rights and is considered essential for the economic growth and development of a country. However, in certain countries including Pakistan, this basic right is not appropriately recognized or encouraged. In Pakistan's patricidal society, educating girls, who are marginalized and not provided the same…
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Access to Education, Elementary School Teachers, Teacher Attitudes
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Johnson, Elizabeth Lee – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2018
This article investigates the potential of utilizing technology to apply Lesh's representations for teaching mathematical concepts. Lesh's model includes written symbols, verbal symbols, real life situations, pictorial representations, and concrete representations. The author suggests that, with the wealth of technological applications, teachers…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mathematical Concepts, Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education
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Vincente, Erin – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2018
Both internal and external factors have incited higher education institutions to reevaluate and restructure antiquated policies and practices that influence contingent faculty support systems and contingent faculty interpersonal relationships with their institutional community members. Current literature and research has yet to truly explore what…
Descriptors: College Faculty, Part Time Faculty, Adjunct Faculty, Teaching Experience
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Martin, Jennifer L.; Beese, Jane A. – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2018
As more and more women are being employed as faculty in institutions of higher education, tenure track positions are declining and most of the positions women find themselves in are clinical non-tenure track or part-time adjunct positions. With less traditional academic positions available and more women in the field the result is increased…
Descriptors: College Faculty, Women Faculty, Feminism, Bullying
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Spaid, Robin; Gillet-Karem, Rosemary – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2018
To investigate food insecurity in community college students, our research team developed a mixed methods study. For the first phase, we interviewed 16 Maryland community college administrators to determine which community colleges had food banks or food pantries. The second phase involved gathering in-depth information from 6 community college…
Descriptors: Food, Hunger, Females, Two Year College Students