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Zimmerman, Kathleen N.; Ledford, Jennifer R.; Severini, Katherine E. – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2019
The effectiveness of a weighted blanket intervention and structured work boxes for improving engagement for a child with autism during math circle time in a general education kindergarten classroom were evaluated relative to baseline using an alternating treatments design. The structured work boxes resulted in higher levels of engagement, and the…
Descriptors: Learner Engagement, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Class Activities
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Alverson, Charlotte Y.; Lindstrom, Lauren E.; Hirano, Kara A. – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2019
Youth with disabilities are less likely to enroll and complete postsecondary education than their nondisabled peers. Using a qualitative, cross-case design, we investigated the high school to college transition experiences of young adults diagnosed with Asperger syndrome (AS). Data sources included a family questionnaire, review of special…
Descriptors: Asperger Syndrome, High School Graduates, College Bound Students, Special Education
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Knight, Victoria F.; Huber, Heartley B.; Kuntz, Emily M.; Carter, Erik W.; Juarez, A. Pablo – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2019
Improving educational outcomes for students with autism and intellectual disability requires delivering services and supports marked by evidence-based practices. We surveyed 535 special educators of students with autism and/or intellectual disability about (a) their implementation of 26 instructional practices, (b) their recent access to training…
Descriptors: Autism, Intellectual Disability, Evidence Based Practice, Special Education
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Jones, Francesca G.; Gifford, Diane; Yovanoff, Paul; Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Levy, Dawn; Allor, Jill – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2019
As part of standards-based reforms, there is increasing emphasis on ensuring that students with moderate intellectual disabilities (ID), including students with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), learn to read. There is also converging evidence that explicit teaching of letter sounds, phonics, and sight words is effective for this population, but…
Descriptors: Alternative Assessment, Intellectual Disability, Progress Monitoring, Autism
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Seaman-Tullis, Rachel L.; Cannella-Malone, Helen I.; Brock, Matthew E. – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2019
Very few individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have been trained in the vocational skills needed to obtain gainful employment. Moreover, although there is an abundance of research evaluating the practice of training practitioners of students with ASD to use evidence-based practices to teach a wide variety of skills, there have been few…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Paraprofessional School Personnel, Training
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Radley, Keith C.; Moore, James W.; Dart, Evan H.; Ford, W. Blake; Helbig, Kate A. – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2019
Five participants with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) between the ages of 10 and 14 years attended a twice-weekly social skills group for 8 weeks. A multiple probe design across skills with concurrent replication across participants was utilized to assess the effects of social skills training using multiple exemplars and lag schedules on social…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Early Adolescents
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Gallagher, Peggy A.; Greenberg, Daphne; Campbell, Jonathan M.; Stoneman, Zolinda; Feinberg, Iris Z. – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2019
Young children from parents with low income and low-literacy skills are often late in being diagnosed with developmental disabilities. To try to understand this phenomenon, we conducted six focus groups with 17 parents of low income with low-literacy skills living in an urban area who had children between 6 months and 4 years of age. Parents were…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Identification, Clinical Diagnosis
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Saletta, Meredith; Winberg, Jennifer – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2019
There is a dearth of appropriate reading material for adults with intellectual or developmental disabilities (IDDs). Often, a book's content is relevant to younger audiences, or its reading level is inaccessible. In this pilot study, we determined which factors facilitate reading accuracy and comprehension for this population. We wrote and tested…
Descriptors: Reading Materials, Adults, Intellectual Disability, Developmental Disabilities
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Santillan, Lupita; Frederick, Lindsay; Gilmore, Sean; Locke, Jill – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2019
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often face barriers when establishing peer connections at school. This aim of this study is to explore how social network inclusion in the classroom is associated with playground peer engagement. Independent observers administered friendship surveys to determine social network inclusion in the classroom…
Descriptors: Correlation, Social Networks, Inclusion, Playgrounds
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Barton, Erin E.; Gossett, Stephanie; Waters, M. Caroline; Murray, Rebecca; Francis, Rachel – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2019
Young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) demonstrate fewer and less varied play behaviors than children with typical development. This article describes two studies designed to increase two aspects of play complexity--diverse play actions and sequential play actions--in a child with ASD. In Study 1, we use a multitreatment single-case…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Play
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Griffin, Whitney B. – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2019
This quasi-experimental study investigated behavioral intentions of 70 middle school participants toward engaging in activities with a student displaying characteristics of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in a video vignette. Three video conditions were investigated: moderate to severe ASD, high-functioning ASD, and a typically developing control.…
Descriptors: Peer Relationship, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Student Attitudes
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Wolfe, Pamela S.; Wertalik, Jennifer L.; Domire Monaco, Sarah; Gardner, Stephanie; Ruiz, Salvador – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2019
Human sexuality encompasses aspects of physiology and emotions. The need for sociosexuality education for individuals with developmental disabilities (DD) is widely acknowledged; yet, there is little known about what topics of sexuality are presented. This review identified curricular content used in comprehensive, commercially available sexuality…
Descriptors: Sexuality, Developmental Disabilities, Sex Education, Course Content
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Crocco, Christina; Bennett, Kyle D. – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2019
The effects of covert audio coaching, a form of performance feedback delivered remotely through a two-way radio and earbud speaker, was examined on the classroom attending behavior of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Four elementary-aged students with ASD participated. This study was conducted in a private, separate day school for…
Descriptors: Audio Equipment, Coaching (Performance), Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Kouo, Jennifer Lee – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2019
Deficits in social communication and interaction have been identified as distinguishing impairments for individuals with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). As a pivotal skill, the successful development of social communication and interaction in individuals with ASD is a lifelong objective. Point-of-view video modeling (VM) has the potential to…
Descriptors: Interpersonal Competence, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Video Technology
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Golloher, Andrea N. – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2018
This study investigated the use of an adapted shared reading protocol with three children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in home settings. Using a multiple baseline across participants design, this investigation replicated and extended a previous investigation by Browder et al. to children with ASD and home settings. In addition, this study…
Descriptors: Story Reading, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Family Environment
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