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Showing 1 to 15 of 210 results Save | Export
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Leonard, Laurence B. – First Language, 2019
There is growing evidence that the grammatical errors reflected in the speech of young children are often related to the nature of the input in the ambient language. Although theoretical frameworks differ in the degree to which input plays a role, there is acknowledgment that children require more input than previously assumed to resolve apparent…
Descriptors: Syntax, Morphemes, Children, Language Impairments
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Kedar, Yarden – First Language, 2019
This longitudinal case study followed a Hebrew-speaking child acquiring L2-English, focusing on her production of articles. Although the child had already developed significant aspects of the Hebrew determiner system, her acquisition of English followed a typical developmental route for first language acquisition: single words; telegraphic speech;…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Child Language, Semitic Languages, English (Second Language)
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Ninio, Anat – First Language, 2019
In children acquiring various languages, the early mastery of determiners strongly predicts syntactic development. What makes determiners important is not yet clear as there is a linguistic controversy regarding their syntactic behaviour. Some consider determiners to be similar to adjectives and to modify common nouns, while others consider the…
Descriptors: Child Language, Language Acquisition, English, Nouns
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Dye, Cristina; Kedar, Yarden; Lust, Barbara – First Language, 2019
Scholars of language development have long been challenged to understand the development of functional categories. Traditionally, it was assumed that children's language development initially relies on lexical elements, while functional elements become accessible only at later periods; and that it is lexical growth which bootstraps grammatical…
Descriptors: Child Language, Nouns, Verbs, Form Classes (Languages)
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Demuth, Katherine – First Language, 2019
It has long been known that children may use a particular grammatical morpheme inconsistently at early stages of acquisition. Although this has often been thought to be evidence of incomplete syntactic representations, there is now a large body of crosslinguistic evidence showing that much of this early within-speaker variability is due to still…
Descriptors: Suprasegmentals, Child Language, Grammar, Morphemes
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Szagun, Gisela; Schramm, Satyam A. – First Language, 2019
This study examines the role of the lexicon and grammatical structure building in early grammar. Parent-report data in CDI format from a sample of 1151 German-speaking children between 1;6 and 2;6 and longitudinal spontaneous speech data from 22 children between 1;8 and 2;5 were used. Regression analysis of the parent-report data indicates that…
Descriptors: Child Language, German, Toddlers, Grammar
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Le Normand, Marie-Thérèse – First Language, 2019
In this corpus study, it is asked whether young children speaking European French build their early syntax around grammatical or lexical words. Specifically, the study examines the relationship of grammatical and lexical words in three types of syntactic structures (determiner--noun, pronoun--verb and subject pronoun--verb). The corpus included…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Syntax, Child Language, Grammar
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Kulinich, Elena; Royle, Phaedra; Valois, Daniel – First Language, 2019
This study investigates negative feedback effects on inflectional morphology acquisition in Russian. In order to examine the effects of adult feedback on child error elimination and assess the lasting effect of feedback, a series of elicited tasks was conducted with 65 Russian children aged from 3 to 4 years. Twelve verbs which undergo…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Russian, Morphology (Languages), Language Acquisition
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Hu, Shenai; Zhou, Peng; Foppolo, Francesca; Vender, Maria; Delfitto, Denis – First Language, 2019
This study investigates the derivation of scalar implicatures in Chinese children with reading difficulties (RD). Twenty-four children with RD (mean age 9 years and 8 months), 20 age-matched typical readers (mean age 9 years and 10 months), 20 six-year-old children and 20 five-year-old children were tested with the comprehension of sentences with…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Reading Comprehension, Sentences, Pragmatics
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Read, Kirsten; Furay, Erin; Zylstra, Dana – First Language, 2019
Preschoolers can learn vocabulary through shared book reading, especially when given the opportunity to predict and/or reflect on the novel words encountered in the story. Readers often pause and encourage children to guess or repeat novel words during shared reading, and prior research has suggested a positive correlation between how much readers…
Descriptors: Prediction, Reflection, Comparative Analysis, Story Reading
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Montag, Jessica L. – First Language, 2019
Reading picture books to pre-literate children is associated with improved language outcomes, but the causal pathways of this relationship are not well understood. The present analyses focus on several syntactic differences between the text of children's picture books and typical child-directed speech, with the aim of understanding ways in which…
Descriptors: Syntax, Picture Books, Language Acquisition, Correlation
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Hartin, Travis L.; Merriman, William E. – First Language, 2019
The authors conducted three experiments examining the effect of grouping on children's generalization of animal labels. In Experiment 1 (N = 96), first graders (M age = 6 years, 10 months) who had seen a novel animal grouped with similar animals generalized its trained label more broadly than those who had seen it by itself or grouped with…
Descriptors: Generalization, Animals, Classification, Grade 1
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Laws, Jacqueline – First Language, 2019
This corpus-based study provides a baseline of complex word usage patterns in the spontaneous speech of English preschool children to ascertain the characteristics of their derivative vocabulary before literacy development affects language skills. Frequencies of suffixed derivatives produced by (N = 243) children aged 2-5 and their caregivers were…
Descriptors: Language Usage, Word Frequency, Classification, Vocabulary Skills
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Joo, Kum-Jeong; Ud Deen, Kamil – First Language, 2019
This article investigates the binding properties of the Korean reflexive "caki." Korean "caki" allows a local antecedent, a long-distance sentence-internal antecedent, and (unusually) an extrasentential antecedent. Two experiments were conducted with Korean-speaking child participants (mean age = 5;8; age range = 5;1-6;4) and…
Descriptors: Korean, Native Language, Preferences, Structural Analysis (Linguistics)
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Ibbotson, Paul; Salnikov, Vsevolod; Walker, Richard – First Language, 2019
For languages to survive as complex cultural systems, they need to be learnable. According to traditional approaches, learning is made possible by constraining the degrees of freedom in advance of experience and by the construction of complex structure during development. This article explores a third contributor to complexity: namely, the extent…
Descriptors: Grammar, Network Analysis, Syntax, Speech Communication
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