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Hein, Vello; Emeljanovas, Arunas; Mieziene, Brigita – European Physical Education Review, 2018
The present study examined the validity of the factor structure and invariance of the Controlling Teacher Behaviours Scale (CTBS) across two nations. Data were collected from Estonian (n = 453) and Lithuanian (n = 431) students using the multidimensional measure of teachers' controlling behaviours. Multi-sample confirmatory factor analyses showed…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Factor Structure, Foreign Countries, Test Validity
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Ries, Francis; Hein, Vello; Pihu, Maret; Armenta, Jose Manuel Sevillano – European Physical Education Review, 2012
This study aimed to investigate the role of self-identity, defined as salient and enduring aspects of one's self-perception (Sparks, 2000), in relation to adolescent physical activity (PA) intentions within the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB). School students aged 12 to 18 from two cultural groups (Estonia and Spain) completed measures of…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Foreign Countries, Structural Equation Models, Self Concept
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Koka, Andre; Hein, Vello – European Physical Education Review, 2006
This study examined the direction of causal flow between perceived positive general teacher feedback and perceived threat to sense of self in physical education (PE). The stability effect and stationarity of the relationship between these variables over the two-year period was tested. Students (N = 302) were administered questionnaire during class…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Physical Education, Structural Equation Models, Measures (Individuals)
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Hein, Vello; Muur, Maret; Koka, Andre – European Physical Education Review, 2004
In this article the relationships between three different types of intrinsic motivation and students' intention to be physically active after school graduation were examined. The participants were 400 school children aged 14-18 years. The modified version of SMS was used to measure the three different types of intrinsic motivation. The intention…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Physical Education, Structural Equation Models, Intention