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Rieche, Helene; Leuders, Timo; Renkl, Alexander – European Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2019

Students' beliefs that mathematical abilities are fixed can cause long-standing problems with motivation and learning. Hence, teachers should notice such problematic beliefs about identity among their students and handle them adequately. We used written descriptions of classroom situations to determine whether preservice mathematics teachers (n =…

Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Preservice Teachers, Mathematics Teachers, Foreign Countries

Hästö, Peter; Palkki, Riikka; Tuomela, Dimitri; Star, Jon R. – European Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2019

Flexibility is an important element in learning mathematics. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether flexibility in linear equation solving predicts future academic achievement in mathematics and other subjects. Participants were 149 Finnish high-school students. Results show that flexibility was related to grades in both tracks of…

Descriptors: Mathematics Skills, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Tests, High School Students

Dawson, Chris – European Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2019

Accumulated evidence indicates that low spatial ability makes a contribution, separate from levels of general or verbal intelligence, to the unlikelihood of students enrolling in, or succeeding in, STEM subjects. Further, there is a tendency for female students not to perform as well as males on some spatial tests, suggesting that this might be…

Descriptors: Spatial Ability, STEM Education, Course Selection (Students), Gender Differences

Palha, Sonia; Spandaw, Jeroen – European Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2019

Learning mathematical thinking and reasoning is a main goal in mathematical education. Instructional tasks have an important role in fostering this learning. We introduce a learning sequence to approach the topic of integrals in secondary education to support students mathematical reasoning while participating in collaborative dialogue about the…

Descriptors: Thinking Skills, Secondary Education, Secondary School Mathematics, Grade 11

Højgaard, Thomas; Sølberg, Jan – European Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2019

Curricula around the world make more and more use of goals trying to capture different kind of processes for the students to master. In Denmark these ambitions have most recently been described in terms of subject specific competencies. However, bringing such ambitions into the actual teaching practices has proved challenging. KOMPIS was a…

Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Secondary School Science, Secondary School Mathematics, Foreign Countries

Wiest, Lynda; Amankonah, Frank O. – European Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2019

This paper reports the performance of 30 rising seventh-grade girls on a task in which they were asked to order four fractions from least to greatest. Less than three-fifths attained correct answers. The performance gap was widest between students who attended Title I schools and those who did not, the latter being much more likely to attain…

Descriptors: Grade 7, Mathematics Instruction, Females, Fractions

Fried, Daniel B.; Tinio, Pablo P. L.; Gubi, Aaron; Gaffney, Jean P. – European Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2019

The scientists of the future will need to begin studying science to great depth, much earlier in life, in order to keep up with the accelerating pace of discovery and technological innovation. For this to be possible, engaging and child-friendly pedagogical approaches need to be developed that leverage the natural enthusiasm of young science…

Descriptors: Elementary School Science, Science Instruction, Organic Chemistry, Models

Vaheoja, Monika; Verhelst, N. D.; Eggen, T.J.H.M. – European Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2019

In this article, the authors applied profile analysis to Maths exam data to demonstrate how different exam forms, differing in difficulty and length, can be reported and easily interpreted. The results were presented for different groups of participants and for different institutions in different Maths domains by evaluating the balance. Some…

Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Foreign Countries, Statistical Analysis, Scores

Bolstad, Oda Heidi – European Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2019

This article reports a qualitative inquiry into school leaders' and teachers' rationales for teaching to develop students' "mathematical literacy." The study is rooted in an exploration of the meanings that the school leaders and teachers hold about the term mathematical literacy. Six leaders and three grade 9 mathematics teachers from…

Descriptors: Mathematics Skills, Numeracy, Teacher Attitudes, Administrator Attitudes

Kittiravechote, Aungtinee – European Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2019

Despite a tremendous success in boosting students learn electrical analogies for science education, it remains a challenge to extend such strategy for formally constructing equations related to the Ohm's law in order to solve electrical problems based on series and parallel circuits. Unlike most traditional works of teaching technique that focus…

Descriptors: Science Instruction, Equipment, Energy, Division

Phillips, Adassa; Hassanali, Muizz; Wingrave, James A. – European Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2019

Solving STEM problems requires that data (numbers and units) from a word problem be substituted into a mathematical equation(s) for solution. However, solving STEM problems is an implicit process that provides little or no guidance for the problem solving process. In this study symbols linking the data to the mathematical equation(s) are used to…

Descriptors: STEM Education, Problem Solving, Word Problems (Mathematics), Equations (Mathematics)

Fried, Daniel B.; Tinio, Pablo P. L.; Hughes, Azuri; Paneque, Diana – European Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2019

Studying nature from the atomic and molecular perspective gives students access to modern scientific paradigms and could improve achievement and motivation towards science learning. A visual and tactile approach to chemistry can form the foundation for a child-friendly but high-level chemistry curriculum and could be a powerful tool to invigorate…

Descriptors: Science Curriculum, Science Instruction, Molecular Structure, Student Motivation

Köksal, Ela Ayse – European Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2018

Science is comprised of theory and practical work and to study either part is not enough to understand the whole. Practical work such as observation and fieldtrips should be used to develop students' inquiry skills as well as to support the theory. Teachers with high self-efficacy on fieldtrips will be more likely to use this technique.…

Descriptors: Science Teachers, Self Efficacy, Teacher Effectiveness, Teacher Attitudes

Elmas, Ridvan; Bodner, George M.; Aydogdu, Bulent; Saban, Yakup – European Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2018

The goal of this study was to analyze the science and technology questions with respect to science process skills (SPS) included in the "Transition from Primary to Secondary Education" (TEOG) examination developed for use with 8th-grade students in Turkey. The 12 TEOG exams administered in the course of three academic years from 2014…

Descriptors: Multiple Choice Tests, Grade 8, Science Education, Technology Education

McDaniel, Kerrie; Daday, Jerry – European Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2018

The faculty in a biology department at a four-year public comprehensive university adopted e-texts for all 100 and 200 level biology courses with the primary motivation of reducing textbook costs to students. This study examines the students' perceptions of the e-texts adopted for these 100 and 200 level biology courses. An online questionnaire…

Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Biology, Science Instruction, Comparative Analysis