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Sengul, Ozden – European Journal of Physics Education, 2019
This study explored how research-based physics tutorials help students use argumentation in a small group-work activity. The participants were four first-year non-major physics students taking algebra-based introductory physics course in an urban university in the southeastern region of United States (US). The content analysis was conducted to…
Descriptors: Persuasive Discourse, Physics, College Freshmen, Introductory Courses
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Baybars, Meryem Görecek – European Journal of Physics Education, 2019
The purpose of the current research was to determine the opinions and alternative concepts of the pre-service science teachers about the functions of the elements found in a simple electric circuit. The current research was carried out with the participation of the first-year students attending the Science Teaching Department of a state university…
Descriptors: Physics, Science Instruction, Science Teachers, Preservice Teachers
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Kaufman, Richard – European Journal of Physics Education, 2019
The first law of thermodynamics does not forbid heat engines with 100% thermodynamic efficiency; it is the second law of thermodynamics which states that heat engines cannot obtain 100% efficiency. Can the first law ever show this second law result? Yes. We show that the first law alone can show that some heat engines cannot achieve efficiencies…
Descriptors: Thermodynamics, Scientific Principles, Heat, Efficiency
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Okafor, Theresa Ugonwa – European Journal of Physics Education, 2019
This study examined effects of the Polya's problem solving Technique (POPSOT) as observed by Shaibu (1987) in Atadoga (2010) and conventional problem-solving Technique (CONPSOT) on cognitive achievement of physics students. A pre-test post-test quasi experimental design used adopted for the study. The sample comprised of 102 senior secondary two…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Academic Achievement, Physics, Science Instruction
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Kizilaslan, Aydin – European Journal of Physics Education, 2019
Science education has an important role in children's understanding of the world, making the right decisions in accordance with their perceptions, using problem solving skills and scientific attitudes. In this study, the effects of activities prepared by considering the needs of visually impaired students on the development of scientific process…
Descriptors: Visual Impairments, Science Process Skills, Science Instruction, Physics
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Riveros, Héctor G. – European Journal of Physics Education, 2019
This paper discusses the importance of one of the most crucial elements in science and technology education: the development of the individual capacity to cope with new problems. Also, discuss the importance of being aware of the existence of "formative objectives" and "tacit knowledge". In the planning of a course, taking into…
Descriptors: Physics, Science Instruction, Instructional Design, Curriculum Design
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Hairan, Abdul Manan; Abdullah, Nazlinda; Husin, Abu Hassan – European Journal of Physics Education, 2019
In this paper, the level of conceptual understanding of Newtonian mechanics among Afghan school and university students in Kabul, Afghanistan was investigated. This study employed a quantitative descriptive survey method where the Pashto version of the Force Concept Inventory (FCI) was given to a random sample of 216 students from two schools and…
Descriptors: Concept Formation, Comprehension, Foreign Countries, Physics
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Caceffo, Ricardo; Valle, Eduardo; Mesquita, Rickson; Azevedo, Rodolfo – European Journal of Physics Education, 2019
According to the Felder and Silverman Learning Styles Model (FSM), students have learning preferences regarding how information is obtained, processed, perceived and understood. The Index of Learning Styles (ILS) is an online questionnaire created by Felder and Soloman to classify students according to their learning styles. With a priori…
Descriptors: Prediction, Cognitive Style, Models, Science Achievement
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Dega, Bekele Gashe – European Journal of Physics Education, 2019
Students' responses to energy & momentum (EM) concepts were investigated. EM concepts are fundamental and crosscutting in physics. A standardized Energy and Momentum Conceptual Survey (EMCS) test were used to collect quantitative data from 108 first year science students enrolled in a university in Ethiopia. Concentration analysis was used to…
Descriptors: Scientific Concepts, Energy, Physics, College Freshmen