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Castro, Claudio de Moura – European Journal of Education, 1983
Recent European and American influences have created a more complex and heterogeneous Brazilian higher education system, with institutions reflecting a broader range of cultural borrowings and a coexistence of ideas and trends that gradually lose their foreign identity. (MSE)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Accountability, Comparative Education, Educational Change
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Wolf, Alison – European Journal of Education, 1993
Issues in vocational education in Europe are summarized. Varied strategies and emphases are noted including the introduction of more general education, increased emphasis on excellence in technical training, and increased specialization in some disciplines. Obstacles are also seen such as fear of overspecialization, lack of prestige, and…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Educational Quality, Foreign Countries, General Education
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Liebrand, C. G. M. – European Journal of Education, 1991
The Dutch vocational education system of qualifying students is examined, including national policy changes in response to identified problems, and ways in which the quality of qualifications will be assured in a reformed vocational education system to assure comparability with other European Community nations. (DB)
Descriptors: Certification, Comparative Education, Credentials, Educational Change
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van Meel, Rosita; de Wolf, Henk – European Journal of Education, 1994
A discussion of Dutch higher vocational education (HVE) looks at the place of HVE in the overall postsecondary system, its system of governance, its role in the reorganization of higher education, and efforts at innovation. Part-time programs are seen as a likely way to serve needs and cut costs. (MSE)
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational Demand, Educational Innovation, Educational Quality
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Valimaa, Jussi – European Journal of Education, 1994
Recent trends in Finnish higher education are examined, from the formulation of national policy since the 1980s to recent experiments in financing and accountability, efforts at promoting efficiency, and the conflict between traditional academic collegiality and imposition of government decision making. (MSE)
Descriptors: Change Strategies, Collegiality, Educational Change, Educational Finance
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Barnett, Ronald – European Journal of Education, 1994
This paper argues that the quality evaluation trend in European higher education reflects the state's effort to gain greater control over higher education. First, performance indicators are imposed, and then this technical form of evaluation is used to steer the higher education system toward the labor market. (MSE)
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Educational Quality, Foreign Countries, Government School Relationship
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de Rudder, Helmut – European Journal of Education, 1994
The absence, until very recently, of widespread debate on policy concerning quality assurance in German higher education is attributed to the fact that, historically, German education has been highly standardized and those standards were presumed to persist even with mass higher education. Current expansion and economic crises have stimulated…
Descriptors: Educational History, Educational Quality, Educational Trends, Foreign Countries
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Dougherty, Christopher – European Journal of Education, 1987
Elements of the West German apprenticeship system, in which most non-college-bound secondary school graduates enter a two-year-minimum, low-paying apprenticeship that may provide more training than is practically necessary, are discussed and some misconceptions are examined. (MSE)
Descriptors: Apprenticeships, Educational Needs, Educational Quality, Employment Opportunities
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Becher, Tony – European Journal of Education, 1994
The variety of ways in which agencies of the state influence the British university curriculum, and in some cases extra-curricular activity, is examined. These sources of influence include expansion, structural changes resulting from retrenchment, promotion of market values, intervention in professional education, quality control, and research…
Descriptors: Administrative Organization, Agency Role, College Administration, College Curriculum
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Vessuri, Hebe – European Journal of Education, 1993
Discussion of international cooperation for the advancement of higher education, science, and technology looks at the areas in which European and Latin American interests converge. Issues examined include concerns about expansion of higher education, institutional systems and privatization, the labor market, fiscal capacity for change, research…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational Needs, Educational Quality, Engineering Education
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Teichler, Ulrich – European Journal of Education, 1982
Recent developments in West German higher education's enrollment, educational access, graduate labor market, institutional diversity, finance, overall reforms, and relationships with government are outlined. It is suggested that major concerns in the 1980s will be for finance and graduate employment, at the same time that public priorities may…
Descriptors: Access to Education, College Graduates, Comparative Education, Education Work Relationship
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Schott, C. J. – European Journal of Education, 1979
Alternative futures faced by the colleges of education in England and Wales immediately following the government call for reorganization in 1972 and 1973 are examined, including program reorientation and institutional mergers and closings. Criticism indicates that reorganization has failed to raise standards or improve the quality of teacher…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, College Planning, Curriculum Development, Educational Policy