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Crul, Maurice – European Journal of Education, 2015
Education is often seen as the most important mobility channel for children of immigrants. To what extent is this true? In this article, we look at successful second generation Turkish professionals in Sweden, France, Germany and The Netherlands. What kind of pathways did they take to become a professional? Based on the large quantitative…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Professional Personnel, Foreign Countries, Statistical Analysis
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Pilkington, Marc – European Journal of Education, 2014
We present a comparative survey between the French and Indian higher education systems. In spite of their respective idiosyncratic features, we show that the two countries have both evolved comprehensively toward a knowledge-based society, in order to ensure the prosperity of their citizens. Secondly, we single out a threefold convergence between…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Educational Change, Knowledge Economy
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Desjardins, Richard; Rubenson, Kjell – European Journal of Education, 2013
This article focuses on evidence regarding cross-national patterns of participation in adult education and an interpretation of these patterns from an institutional and public policy perspective. The interpretation follows from the perspective that sustaining high and widely distributed levels of investment in the development and maintenance of…
Descriptors: Adult Education, Public Policy, Educational Policy, Coordination
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Powell, Justin J. W.; Graf, Lukas; Bernhard, Nadine; Coutrot, Laurence; Kieffer, Annick – European Journal of Education, 2012
In Europe, the Bologna and Copenhagen Processes in higher education (HE) and vocational education and training (VET) are on the agenda, aiming to create a European educational area. Acknowledging important differences between countries, we compare the evolving relationship between HE and VET. We ask whether and how these two distinct…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Organizational Change, Foreign Countries, Vocational Education
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Chiang, Kuang-Hsu – European Journal of Education, 2011
This article investigates how doctoral students perceive their research education in different disciplines in two higher education systems, the UK and France. It explores what underlies the diversity of doctoral students' experiences. Three theoretical positions are identified: the epistemological position, conceptualisation of research objects…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Doctoral Programs, Foreign Countries, Epistemology
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Hardy-Dubernet, Anne-Chantal – European Journal of Education, 2008
In order to successfully match students and jobs in the medical profession of their choice, and at the same time meet the country's health care needs, it has become evident that access to medical schools and the various medical professions should be tightly regulated, in particular by a "numerus clausus." In most Western countries,…
Descriptors: Medical Education, Medical Students, Health Needs, Medical Schools
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Dodds, Anneliese – European Journal of Education, 2005
In both Britain and France, evaluation has been seen as one element of national strategies to internationalise higher education (HE), with the spread of evaluation indicating policy convergence. However, there are dangers in describing the cross-national adoption of evaluation as an instance of policy transfer in higher education. This article…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Public Policy, Quality Control, Comparative Analysis
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Convert, Bernard – European Journal of Education, 2005
During the 1990s, the number of students enrolling in science subjects at universities was declining each year in Germany, France, Italy, amongst other countries. These decreases are too readily attributed to a general disaffection caused by the image that younger generations have of scientific studies: they are seen as being the most…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Employment, Higher Education, Enrollment
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De Francesco, Corrado; Jarousse, Jean-Pierre – European Journal of Education, 1983
Educational attainment provides some indication of the extent to which a person will be "trainable" for professional purposes, with the result that preference is given to the more education. Unemployment rate trends among young people in France and Italy are analyzed and "under-utilisation" is described. (MLW)
Descriptors: College Graduates, Comparative Analysis, Data Analysis, Education Work Relationship
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Kramsch, Claire – European Journal of Education, 1993
A cross-cultural training seminar involving French, German, and American language teachers is described. The program was designed to examine the influence of teachers' cultural perceptions on selection of authentic instructional materials, sources of linguistic misunderstandings, and teachers' strategies for resolving cultural conflict. (MSE)
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Conflict Resolution, Cross Cultural Training, Cultural Differences
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Potocki-Malicet, Danielle; Holmesland, Icara; Estrela, Maria-Teresa; Veiga-Simao, Ana-Margarida – European Journal of Education, 1999
Three different approaches to the evaluation of higher education in European and Scandinavian countries are examined: evaluation of a single discipline across institutions (Finland, Norway, Portugal, Spain, United Kingdom, northern Germany); evaluation of several disciplines within certain institutions (France, Germany); and internal evaluation of…
Descriptors: College Faculty, College Students, Comparative Analysis, Educational Policy
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Hufner, Klaus – European Journal of Education, 1987
The West German debate over state-controlled higher education planning versus market-oriented competition is examined in the context of recent West German educational history, actions taken by the federal government and science council, institutional reactions, and research on the use of performance indicators. (MSE)
Descriptors: Accountability, Comparative Analysis, Competition, Educational Demand
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Suda, Zdenek – European Journal of Education, 1979
The problem of overqualification is related to the educational aspirations in a comparative cross-national study using data collected in opinion surveys in four European countries (Finland, France, Federal Republic of Germany, and Poland) and the United States. (JMF)
Descriptors: Academic Aspiration, Comparative Analysis, Comparative Education, Economic Factors