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Girod de l'Ain, Bertrand – European Journal of Education, 1994
To make European higher education systems compatible, several systems of certification are being considered, including the German model of final certification, the English model of accumulative certification, the American "add-on" model, and the French model, which extends the "add-on" model. The influence of business and…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Certification, Credits, Educational Policy
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Standaert, Roger – European Journal of Education, 1993
A study undertaken in preparation for reforming the Belgian educational system investigated aspects of educational policy and administration in England, France, and Germany, including curriculum design and content, broad educational aims, student placement and tracking, competition among schools, academic standards, and institutional autonomy vs.…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Comparative Education, Curriculum Design, Educational Administration
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Premfors, Rune – European Journal of Education, 1981
Higher education policy-making in France, Sweden, and the United Kingdom, and whether it fits the national policy styles of those countries, is investigated. Aspects of policy change, centralism, consultation, openness, conflict level, and deliberation are discussed. (Author/MLW)
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Models