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Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Neave, Guy – European Journal of Education, 1998
Assesses the "evaluative state"--the historic background, the process and procedures used to evaluate institutions of public higher education in European Union countries. Reviews various types of evaluation used, changes in the concept and purpose of evaluation, and looks at some of the basic and long-term issues for the future, from its…
Descriptors: Change Agents, Foreign Countries, Government School Relationship, Higher Education
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Henkel, Mary – European Journal of Education, 1998
Reviews development of evaluation studies together with key epistemological and conceptual issues. Uses identified concepts to analyze peer review, the traditional mode of evaluation in higher education institutions in the United Kingdom and other European countries. Lists criteria for improvement, including: range of knowledge; critical analysis…
Descriptors: Change Agents, Foreign Countries, Government School Relationship, Higher Education
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Bleiklie, Ivar – European Journal of Education, 1998
Suggests that the introduction of corporate management ideals signals profound changes in the way public authorities understand academic activity and discusses the impact of these changes on institutional autonomy and academic freedom. Examines these changes from the perspective of a Norwegian university, focusing particularly on normative ideals…
Descriptors: Academic Freedom, Administrative Organization, Change Agents, Educational Administration
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Harman, Grant – European Journal of Education, 1998
Explores quality-assurance mechanisms for higher education and their use as a government policy instrument. Outlines several national or system-level approaches adopted worldwide; reviews an Australian quality-assurance program conducted from 1993 to 1995 and its successor program; and comments on ways in which the government used quality…
Descriptors: Administrative Organization, Foreign Countries, Government Role, Government School Relationship
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Boffo, Stefano; Moscati, Roberto – European Journal of Education, 1998
Discusses changes implemented in Italian higher education during the last 10 years to bring it into line with other European systems. Main changes included the introduction of short-cycle courses, changes in the mechanism related to public financing of universities, greater pedagogical self-regulation, and establishment of a system of periodical…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Educational Innovation, Financial Support, Foreign Countries
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Dill, David D. – European Journal of Education, 1998
Examines the "evaluative state" that is, public management-based evaluation systems--in the context of experiences in the United Kingdom and New Zealand, and suggests that further research is needed to examine problems in the evaluative state itself, in how market competition impacts upon it, and how academic oligarchies influence the…
Descriptors: Academic Freedom, Competition, Educational Innovation, Educational Research
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
El-Khawas, Elaine – European Journal of Education, 1998
Analyzes nature and effects of public-management evaluation concepts on institutions of higher education, using as an example Tennessee's policy of monitoring performance of its institutions by linking performance indicators to public funding. Concludes that while policy has been successful overall, allowing a "firewall" between…
Descriptors: Academic Freedom, Administrative Organization, Financial Support, Governance