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Guo, Daibao; Wright, Katherine Landau; McTigue, Erin M. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
Although visual complexity is increasing and graphics are essential to support readers' comprehension of disciplinary texts, visual literacy receives scant attention. Research suggests that effectively instructing students to interpret discipline-specific graphics would yield better comprehension. However, before this line of inquiry can be…
Descriptors: Content Analysis, Textbooks, Elementary School Students, Science Instruction
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Bean, Rita M.; Dagen, Allison Swan; Ippolito, Jacy; Kern, Diane – Elementary School Journal, 2018
Elementary and secondary principals were surveyed to better understand their perceptions of the roles and impact of specialized literacy professionals (e.g., reading specialists, coaches) in their schools. A 32-question survey was completed by 103 Pennsylvania principals across elementary and secondary school contexts. Findings include distinct…
Descriptors: Principals, Administrator Attitudes, Role, Literacy
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Neumerski, Christine M.; Grissom, Jason A.; Goldring, Ellen; Rubin, Mollie; Cannata, Marisa; Schuermann, Patrick; Drake, Timothy A. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
Teacher evaluation systems that pair measures of teacher observation with measures of student achievement or growth have become widespread. However, little attention has focused on the impact of teacher evaluation systems--and, in particular, the intensive collection and use of data from teacher observations--on principals. Drawing on interviews…
Descriptors: Instructional Leadership, Teacher Evaluation, Observation, Academic Achievement
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Wasserberg, Martin J. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
This study used a theoretical framework rooted in student voice to explore the perceptions, experiences, and recommendations of African American students at an elementary school that had implemented a test-centered curriculum. The study used data from focus group interviews conducted with a purposefully selected group of fourth- and fifth-grade…
Descriptors: African American Students, Student Attitudes, Elementary School Students, Grade 4
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Lee, Se Woong; Min, Sookweon – Elementary School Journal, 2017
While teachers have long been acknowledged as a key part of educational innovation, research has largely neglected the impact that their buy-in has on reform initiatives. This study addresses this problem by examining the association between teacher buy-in and student academic growth under school reform programs, with a particular focus on how…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Teacher Attitudes, Adoption (Ideas), Academic Achievement
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Wilhelm, Anne Garrison; Munter, Charles; Jackson, Kara – Elementary School Journal, 2017
The nature of mathematical activity and discourse that teachers foster in classrooms is likely influenced by their explanations of sources of students' difficulty. Several small-scale qualitative studies suggest that how teachers make sense of student difficulty matters for whether they engage all of their students in rigorous mathematical…
Descriptors: Mathematics Activities, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Teachers, Mathematics
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Silverman, Rebecca D.; Martin-Beltran, Melinda; Peercy, Megan M.; Hartranft, Anna M.; McNeish, Daniel M.; Artzi, Lauren; Nunn, Stephanie – Elementary School Journal, 2017
This study evaluated the effects of a cross-age peer learning program targeting vocabulary and comprehension in kindergarten and fourth-grade classrooms with substantial proportions of English Learners (ELs). The study followed a quasi-experimental design with 12 classrooms (6 kindergarten and 6 fourth grade) in the intervention group and 12…
Descriptors: Peer Teaching, Vocabulary Development, Kindergarten, Grade 4
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Grissom, Jason A.; Rodriguez, Luis A.; Kern, Emily C. – Elementary School Journal, 2017
Students of color are significantly underrepresented in gifted programs relative to their White peers. Drawing on political science research suggesting that public organizations more equitably distribute policy outputs when service providers share characteristics with their client populations, we investigate whether representation of students of…
Descriptors: Minority Group Students, Minority Group Teachers, Administrator Characteristics, Principals
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Charalambous, Charalambos Y.; Kyriakides, Ermis – Elementary School Journal, 2017
For years scholars have attended to either generic or content-specific teaching practices attempting to understand instructional quality and its effects on student learning. Drawing on the TIMSS 2007 and 2011 databases, this exploratory study empirically tests the hypothesis that attending to both types of practices can help better explain student…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Educational Practices, Instructional Effectiveness, Educational Quality
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Boote, Stacy K.; Boote, David N. – Elementary School Journal, 2017
Students often struggle to interpret graphs correctly, despite emphasis on graphic literacy in U.S. education standards documents. The purpose of this study was to describe challenges sixth graders with varying levels of science and mathematics achievement encounter when transitioning from interpreting graphs having discrete independent variables…
Descriptors: Elementary School Mathematics, Elementary School Students, Middle School Students, Grade 6
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Wright, Tanya S.; Gotwals, Amelia Wenk – Elementary School Journal, 2017
Given the growing evidence of limited attention to science, disciplinary literacy, and oral language in elementary classrooms serving low-income children, this study focused on designing and testing an integrated science and disciplinary language and literacy curriculum aligned with NGSS and CCSS ELA standards for kindergarten. We used…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Science Instruction, Literacy, Oral Language
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Stosich, Elizabeth Leisy – Elementary School Journal, 2017
Standards are intended to foster excellence and equity in student learning by institutionalizing high expectations for all students while allowing educators to have professional discretion in determining how to meet these goals. Recent studies suggest that principals play an essential role in interpreting and communicating the implications of…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged Schools, Poverty, Principals, Administrator Role
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Vedder-Weiss, Dana – Elementary School Journal, 2017
Taking a student's perspective, this study aims to characterize students' descriptions of teaching higher and lower in mastery goal emphasis, in elementary, middle, traditional, and democratic schools. Data were collected by student surveys and interviews from fifth- through eighth-grade Israeli students. Nineteen interviews, describing 5 science…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Mastery Learning, Student Attitudes, Interviews
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Toste, Jessica R.; Capin, Philip; Vaughn, Sharon – Elementary School Journal, 2017
This randomized controlled trial focused on 59 struggling readers in the third and fourth grades (30 female, 29 male) and examined the efficacy of an intervention aimed at increasing students' multisyllabic word reading (MWR). The study also explored the relative effects of an embedded motivational beliefs (MB) training component. Struggling…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Randomized Controlled Trials, Reading Comprehension, Reading Fluency
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Hollo, Alexandra; Wehby, Joseph H. – Elementary School Journal, 2017
Teachers' oral language use may be an important factor in student achievement, particularly for students who struggle with language, learning, and behavior. This study examined features of teacher talk during whole-class instruction in 14 general education (GE) and 14 self-contained special education (SE) elementary classrooms that included…
Descriptors: General Education, Special Education, Teacher Student Relationship, Language Skills
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