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Wills, Howard; Kamps, Debra; Caldarella, Paul; Wehby, Joseph; Romine, Rebecca Swinburne – Elementary School Journal, 2018
The purpose of the study was to conduct a randomized controlled trial (RCT) to demonstrate efficacy of the Class-wide Function-Related Intervention Teams (CW-FIT) program. The study was designed to replicate an initial RCT conducted by the CW-FIT developers in 1 site, with 2 additional research groups not involved in its development. The study was…
Descriptors: Intervention, Randomized Controlled Trials, Student Diversity, Program Effectiveness
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Lane, John L.; Sweeny, Shannon P. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
This article examines the challenges that 18 elementary school early career teachers (ECTs) faced and the colleagues they used to help them meet these challenges. We report several interesting findings. First, these ECTs faced challenges that extended beyond how best to teach particular content. ECTs also struggled with managing student behavior,…
Descriptors: Social Networks, Beginning Teachers, Elementary School Teachers, Teaching Methods
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Coleman, Julianne M.; McTigue, Erin M.; Dantzler, John A. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
This experimental study examined how the presence of visual diagrams in 2 science texts affected the independent reading comprehension of 213 fourth-grade students in the southeastern United States. In addition, the relative impact of 3 diagram designs and layout (representational, interpretational, or integrated) was compared with a control.…
Descriptors: Visual Aids, Design, Elementary School Students, Grade 4
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Goess, Donald E.; Smith, Page A. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
Research supports bullying as a precursor of school violence and establishes this form of campus aggression as a public health issue. The literature that complements safe campus environments also aligns with school climate, suggesting that organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) mitigates student bullying. Employing data from 108 public…
Descriptors: Bullying, Aggression, Violence, Educational Environment
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Diab, Safwat Y. M.; Guillaume, Marja; Punamäki, Raija-Leena – Elementary School Journal, 2018
Based on the ecological-transactional model by Bronfenbrenner, this study tested the mediating roles of school, family, and child characteristics between academic achievement and both traumatic war experiences and stressful life events. It further examined which of these characteristics could protect academic achievement from negative trauma…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Learning Strategies, Student Motivation, Peer Relationship
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Parsons, Allison Ward; Parsons, Seth A.; Malloy, Jacquelynn A.; Gambrell, Linda B.; Marinak, Barbara A.; Reutzel, D. Ray; Applegate, Mary D.; Applegate, Anthony J.; Fawson, Parker C. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
This research explores upper elementary students' motivation to read fiction and nonfiction. Using expectancy-value theory, the researchers developed separate surveys to measure motivation to read fiction and nonfiction. Researchers administered surveys to 1,104 upper elementary students (grades 3-6) in multiple locations across the United States…
Descriptors: Fiction, Nonfiction, Elementary School Students, Student Motivation
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Farmer, Jennie L.; Spearman, Mindy; Qian, Meihua; Leonard, Alison E.; Rosenblith, Suzanne – Elementary School Journal, 2018
This study examines student perceptions of classroom climate at a school-within-a-school (SWAS) elementary school located in the southeastern United States. The elementary school contains a school for students identified as highly gifted within a neighborhood school. Researchers utilized drawings to determine students' perceptions of their…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Academically Gifted, Freehand Drawing, Student Attitudes
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Gilmour, Allison F.; Henry, Gary T. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
Students with disabilities (SWDs) perform below their peers in math on national and state assessments. The quality of teachers who provide these students with math instruction is an unexamined variable that could influence this low achievement. We used data from more than 1 million students to compare the quality of teachers assigned to teach math…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Teacher Effectiveness, Mathematics Teachers, Mathematics Instruction
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Dray, Amy J. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
This study examines associations between reading comprehension and perspective taking for children who read 2 fictional stories. One story is rich in social and emotional content, describing a girl making new friends and experiencing an intergroup conflict. The other story contains less social content. The study uses hierarchical linear modeling…
Descriptors: Perspective Taking, Fiction, Comparative Analysis, Reading Comprehension
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Wang, Elaine; Matsumura, Lindsay Clare; Correnti, Richard – Elementary School Journal, 2018
Literacy standards increasingly emphasize the importance of analytic text-based writing. Little consensus exists, however, around what high-quality student responses should look like in this genre. In this study, we investigated fifth-grade students' writing in response to analytic text-based writing tasks (15 teachers, 44 writing tasks, 88 pieces…
Descriptors: Writing Evaluation, Writing (Composition), Academic Standards, Writing Skills
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Bickford, John H., III – Elementary School Journal, 2018
This content analysis research examined how lesbian, gay, bisexual, transsexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) individuals and issues are represented in elementary-level trade books. The data pool included every LGBTQ-based trade book with intended audiences of primary (grades K-2) and intermediate (grades 3-5) elementary students. Trade books…
Descriptors: Homosexuality, Childrens Literature, Books, Elementary School Students
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Foorman, Barbara R.; Herrera, Sarah; Dombek, Jennifer – Elementary School Journal, 2018
This randomized controlled trial in 55 low-performing schools across Florida compared 2 early literacy interventions--1 using stand-alone materials and 1 using materials embedded in the existing core reading/language arts program. A total of 3,447 students who were below the 30th percentile in vocabulary and reading-related skills participated in…
Descriptors: Alignment (Education), Reading Materials, Elementary School Students, Primary Education
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Condon, Meghan; Wichowsky, Amber – Elementary School Journal, 2018
In this article, we present the results of a cluster-randomized trial of an inquiry-based science curriculum conducted in grades 6-8 with 551 students in 13 schools. The intervention integrates science and civics instruction in a unit about community and family water conservation. The intervention also includes teacher professional development and…
Descriptors: Learner Engagement, Civics, Science Instruction, Inquiry
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Chen, Sisi – Elementary School Journal, 2018
The purpose of this article was to examine the effects of distributed leadership on instructional change and school climate by integrating the functional and relational perspectives of leadership. The functional perspective focuses on the degree to which leadership functions are equally distributed among leaders, and the relational perspective…
Descriptors: Instructional Leadership, Educational Change, Longitudinal Studies, Educational Environment
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Kirksey, J. Jacob; Gottfried, Michael A. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
Identifying driving factors of school attendance in elementary grades has come to the forefront of policy discussion. Little research has been dedicated to understanding the role of classroom context, and no studies have examined whether having classmates from the previous school year who are also present in the current classroom might influence…
Descriptors: Attendance, Elementary School Students, Classroom Environment, School Districts
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