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Crosson, Amy C.; Matsumura, Lindsay Clare; Correnti, Richard; Arlotta-Guerrero, Anna – Elementary School Journal, 2012
This study investigates the quality of the writing tasks assigned to native Spanish speakers in bilingual (Spanish-English) contexts, and the relationship between task quality and students' use of an academic register in their native language. Fifty-six language arts tasks were collected from 26 grade 4 and 5 teachers, and four student writing…
Descriptors: Academic Discourse, Grade 4, Grade 5, Elementary School Students
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Worthy, Jo; Consalvo, Annamary L.; Bogard, Treavor; Russell, Katie W. – Elementary School Journal, 2012
In most classrooms, there are students who have academic, behavioral, and/or interpersonal challenges that can disrupt the classroom community. In some cases, these challenges can build momentum, leading to a negative reputation or "story" that can follow the student throughout school. This academic, yearlong case study focused on Mae Graham, an…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Grade 2, Individualized Instruction, Negative Attitudes
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Stipek, Deborah – Elementary School Journal, 2012
The cross-sectional study of factors predicting teacher self-efficacy involved surveys of 473 third- and fifth-grade, predominantly White female teachers in 196 schools. The schools served, on average, a relatively high proportion of students living in poverty and students of color. The findings indicate that the proportion of minority students in…
Descriptors: Poverty, Self Efficacy, Academic Achievement, Grade 5
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Powell, Sarah R. – Elementary School Journal, 2012
To promote a relational understanding of the equal sign (=), students may require exposure to a variety of equation types (i.e., 3 = 8 - 5; 2 + 3 = 1 + 4; 9 - 3 = 6). The purpose of this study was to evaluate 8 elementary curricula for degree of exposure to equation types. Across 6 elementary grade levels, curricula were coded for the number of…
Descriptors: Textbooks, Elementary School Mathematics, Textbook Content, Textbook Evaluation
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Boyd, Maureen P. – Elementary School Journal, 2012
What constitutes a successful lesson? A considerable body of literature examines instructional talk; however, little attention has been directed to situations in which teacher intentions (as captured by lesson plan) are stymied by unanticipated student response and the teacher must instantaneously reevaluate and revise an intended lesson. This…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Teacher Student Relationship, Discourse Analysis, Student Reaction
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Boston, Melissa – Elementary School Journal, 2012
Assessments of instructional quality based on classroom observations and artifacts have the potential to measure and improve mathematics instruction and learning. This article describes the Instructional Quality Assessment (IQA) Mathematics Toolkit and examines its ability to identify the nature and quality of classroom instruction. The IQA…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Feedback (Response), Instructional Improvement, Mathematics Instruction
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Hindman, Annemarie H.; Wasik, Barbara A. – Elementary School Journal, 2012
This exploratory study investigated how 2 years of a coaching-based language and literacy intervention were linked to Head Start teachers' classroom environments and instructional interactions, as well as to the vocabulary, alphabet, and sound awareness learning of their preschool students. In total, 16 Head Start teachers participated in the…
Descriptors: Intervention, Classroom Environment, Preschool Children, Disadvantaged Youth
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Gottfried, Michael A. – Elementary School Journal, 2012
This study contributes a novel perspective on grade retention by empirically examining how classroom composition relates to the standardized-testing performance of grade-retained students in their post-retained years. This evaluation employed a sample of entire cohorts of urban elementary school children in the Philadelphia School District over 6…
Descriptors: Grade Repetition, School Holding Power, Evidence, Testing
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Sun, Haichun; Chen, Ang; Zhu, Xihe; Ennis, Catherine D. – Elementary School Journal, 2012
Teaching fitness-related knowledge has become critical in developing children's healthful living behavior. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a science-based, constructivist physical education curriculum on learning fitness knowledge critical to healthful living in elementary school students. The schools (N = 30) were randomly…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Elementary School Students, Constructivism (Learning), Grade 5
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Polikoff, Morgan S. – Elementary School Journal, 2012
International comparisons have highlighted that the U.S. mathematics curriculum, both in terms of curriculum influences (e.g., textbooks, standards) and actual instruction, is broad and shallow. Standards-based reform is explicitly designed to improve coherence and reduce redundancy across grades. This article evaluates the redundancy of…
Descriptors: State Standards, Mathematics Curriculum, Redundancy, Mathematics Instruction
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Scheele, Anna F.; Leseman, Paul P. M.; Mayo, Aziza Y.; Elbers, Ed – Elementary School Journal, 2012
This study examined the relations between the home language and literacy environment and emergent skill to use academic language in a sample of 58 3-year-old Dutch children, focusing on production and comprehension in 3 genres: personal narrative, impersonal narrative, and instruction in play. Regarding production, children used academic language…
Descriptors: Academic Discourse, School Readiness, Short Term Memory, Emergent Literacy
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Townsend, Dianna; Filippini, Alexis; Collins, Penelope; Biancarosa, Gina – Elementary School Journal, 2012
Despite the current theoretical momentum for the importance of academic English and the acknowledgment that academic materials increase in complexity through the grades, little empirical attention has been devoted to the role of academic English in academic achievement. This study examined the amount of variance in academic achievement explained…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Academic Achievement, Achievement Tests, Grade 7
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Schwartz, Robert M.; Schmitt, Maribeth C.; Lose, Mary K. – Elementary School Journal, 2012
This study used a randomized experimental design to examine the relationship between teacher-student ratio and literacy learning outcomes for experienced intervention teachers working with the most at-risk first-grade students. Eighty-five Reading Recovery teachers, working with 170 students, each taught in a 1:1 and a small-group instructional…
Descriptors: Oral Reading, Reading Failure, Reading Tests, Reading Achievement
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Ippolito, John; Schecter, Sandra R. – Elementary School Journal, 2012
This article traces diverging trajectories in a situated, participatory research project in 2 public schools in Ontario. While the project operated within a consistent set of objectives to promote educational equity for immigrant, linguistically diverse students and their families, it generated 2 substantially different models of educational…
Descriptors: Participatory Research, Equal Education, Educational Research, Foreign Countries
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Porche, Michelle V.; Pallante, Daniel H.; Snow, Catherine E. – Elementary School Journal, 2012
The Collaborative Language and Literacy Instruction Project (CLLIP) is a model of professional development designed to help teachers incorporate research-based practices of literacy instruction, support mastery, and sustained use of these practices through coaching, and serve as a foundation for whole-school reform efforts. We describe the model,…
Descriptors: Reading Achievement, Phonemic Awareness, Grade 4, Faculty Development
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