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Showing 1 to 15 of 85 results Save | Export
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Spichtig, Alexandra N.; Gehsmann, Kristin M.; Pascoe, Jeffrey P.; Ferrara, John D. – Elementary School Journal, 2019
This randomized controlled trial examined the impact of adaptive, web-based, scaffolded silent reading instruction on 426 fourth- and fifth-grade students in an urban US school district. Reading proficiency was evaluated in the fall and spring using the Group Reading Assessment Diagnostic Evaluation (GRADE) and an eye movement recording system…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Web Based Instruction, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Grade 4
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Koutsoftas, Anthony D. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
This study examined developmental differences in written expression of intermediate-grade children across planning, writing, and revising products. This work is the first step in a programmatic line of research examining the utility of the assessment procedures toward formative writing assessment protocols. Eighty children in fourth and sixth…
Descriptors: Writing Processes, Grade 4, Grade 6, Age Differences
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Harbour, Kristin E.; Adelson, Jill L.; Pittard, Caroline M.; Karp, Karen S. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
Using restricted-use data from the 2011 National Assessment of Educational Progress mathematics assessment, the current study examined the relationship between the presence of elementary mathematics coaches and specialists (MCSs) and the mathematics achievement of more than 190,000 fourth-grade students in more than 7,400 schools nationwide. In…
Descriptors: Correlation, Mathematics Instruction, Academic Achievement, National Competency Tests
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Coleman, Julianne M.; McTigue, Erin M.; Dantzler, John A. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
This experimental study examined how the presence of visual diagrams in 2 science texts affected the independent reading comprehension of 213 fourth-grade students in the southeastern United States. In addition, the relative impact of 3 diagram designs and layout (representational, interpretational, or integrated) was compared with a control.…
Descriptors: Visual Aids, Design, Elementary School Students, Grade 4
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Guo, Daibao; Wright, Katherine Landau; McTigue, Erin M. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
Although visual complexity is increasing and graphics are essential to support readers' comprehension of disciplinary texts, visual literacy receives scant attention. Research suggests that effectively instructing students to interpret discipline-specific graphics would yield better comprehension. However, before this line of inquiry can be…
Descriptors: Content Analysis, Textbooks, Elementary School Students, Science Instruction
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Wasserberg, Martin J. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
This study used a theoretical framework rooted in student voice to explore the perceptions, experiences, and recommendations of African American students at an elementary school that had implemented a test-centered curriculum. The study used data from focus group interviews conducted with a purposefully selected group of fourth- and fifth-grade…
Descriptors: African American Students, Student Attitudes, Elementary School Students, Grade 4
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Silverman, Rebecca D.; Martin-Beltran, Melinda; Peercy, Megan M.; Hartranft, Anna M.; McNeish, Daniel M.; Artzi, Lauren; Nunn, Stephanie – Elementary School Journal, 2017
This study evaluated the effects of a cross-age peer learning program targeting vocabulary and comprehension in kindergarten and fourth-grade classrooms with substantial proportions of English Learners (ELs). The study followed a quasi-experimental design with 12 classrooms (6 kindergarten and 6 fourth grade) in the intervention group and 12…
Descriptors: Peer Teaching, Vocabulary Development, Kindergarten, Grade 4
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Toste, Jessica R.; Capin, Philip; Vaughn, Sharon – Elementary School Journal, 2017
This randomized controlled trial focused on 59 struggling readers in the third and fourth grades (30 female, 29 male) and examined the efficacy of an intervention aimed at increasing students' multisyllabic word reading (MWR). The study also explored the relative effects of an embedded motivational beliefs (MB) training component. Struggling…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Randomized Controlled Trials, Reading Comprehension, Reading Fluency
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Walpole, Sharon; Amendum, Steven; Pasquarella, Adrian; Strong, John Z.; McKenna, Michael C. – Elementary School Journal, 2017
We compared year-long gains in fluency and comprehension in grades 3-5 in 3 treatment and 4 comparison schools. Treatment schools implemented a comprehensive school reform (CSR) program called Bookworms. The program employed challenging text and emphasized high text volume, aggressive vocabulary and knowledge building, and contextualized strategy…
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5
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Schumacher, Robin F.; Malone, Amelia S. – Elementary School Journal, 2017
The goal of this study was to describe fraction-calculation errors among fourth-grade students and to determine whether error patterns differed as a function of problem type (addition vs. subtraction; like vs. unlike denominators), orientation (horizontal vs. vertical), or mathematics-achievement status (low-, average-, or high-achieving). We…
Descriptors: Error Patterns, Mathematics Instruction, Computation, Mathematics Achievement
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Graham, Steve; Harris, Karen R.; Kiuhara, Sharlene A.; Fishman, Evan J. – Elementary School Journal, 2017
Our study tested whether learning is shaped by fundamental cognitive and motivational forces in the academic domain of writing. We examined whether strategic writing behavior and motivation (attitudes toward writing and self-efficacy) made a statistically significant and unique contribution to the prediction of writing quality and number of words…
Descriptors: Writing Strategies, Student Motivation, Writing Achievement, Elementary School Students
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Fitzpatrick, Caroline; Blair, Clancy; Côté-Lussier, Carolyn – Elementary School Journal, 2016
Teacher judgments of student competence can influence student achievement. Clothes, behavior, and physical appearance may all be used to infer student competence. We examined how fourth-grade teacher ratings of student physical appearance (e.g., appropriateness of clothing) relate to concurrent academic adjustment in terms of achievement,…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Grade 4, Parent Teacher Cooperation, Self Concept
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Fuchs, Lynn S.; Schumacher, Robin F.; Long, Jessica; Namkung, Jessica; Malone, Amelia S.; Wang, Amber; Hamlett, Carol L.; Jordan, Nancy C.; Siegler, Robert S.; Changas, Paul – Elementary School Journal, 2016
The purposes of this study were to (a) investigate the efficacy of a core fraction intervention program on understanding and calculation skill and (b) isolate the effects of different forms of fraction word-problem (WP) intervention. At-risk fourth graders (n = 213) were randomly assigned to the school's business-as-usual program, or one of two…
Descriptors: Intervention, At Risk Students, Grade 4, Elementary School Students
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Powell, Sarah R.; Hebert, Michael A. – Elementary School Journal, 2016
Mathematics standards expect students to communicate about mathematics using oral and written methods, and some high-stakes assessments ask students to answer mathematics questions by writing. Assumptions about mathematics communication via writing include (a) students possess writing skill, (b) students can transfer this writing skill to…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Skills, Transfer of Training, Correlation
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Graham, Steve; Hebert, Michael; Harris, Karen R. – Elementary School Journal, 2015
To determine whether formative writing assessments that are directly tied to everyday classroom teaching and learning enhance students' writing performance, we conducted a meta-analysis of true and quasi-experiments conducted with students in grades 1 to 8. We found that feedback to students about writing from adults, peers, self, and computers…
Descriptors: Formative Evaluation, Meta Analysis, Writing Tests, Quasiexperimental Design
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