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Lloyd, Blair P.; Barton, Erin E.; Ledbetter-Cho, Katherine; Pennington, Brittany; Pokorski, Elizabeth A. – Elementary School Journal, 2019
We reviewed the literature on function-based interventions (FBIs) implemented by school personnel in K-8 general education settings with a focus on intervention implementation. We identified 34 studies (70 students and FBIs) that met criteria for this review. For more than half of studies and participants, FBIs were implemented by general…
Descriptors: Functional Behavioral Assessment, Intervention, Elementary Education, Teacher Student Relationship
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Graves, Michael F.; Elmore, Jeff; Fitzgerald, Jill – Elementary School Journal, 2019
This study described and analyzed the vocabulary of 4 current, best-selling core reading programs and developed word lists based on these analyses. Results showed a good deal of similarity but also some significant differences among the programs. Across grades 1-6, all of them included a substantial number of tokens (approximately 380,000-660,000)…
Descriptors: Vocabulary, Reading Programs, Word Lists, Elementary Education
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Walpole, Sharon; Amendum, Steven; Pasquarella, Adrian; Strong, John Z.; McKenna, Michael C. – Elementary School Journal, 2017
We compared year-long gains in fluency and comprehension in grades 3-5 in 3 treatment and 4 comparison schools. Treatment schools implemented a comprehensive school reform (CSR) program called Bookworms. The program employed challenging text and emphasized high text volume, aggressive vocabulary and knowledge building, and contextualized strategy…
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5
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Ghousseini, Hala – Elementary School Journal, 2015
Given the current interest in organizing teacher education around core instructional practices that help preservice teachers enact ambitious aspects of teaching like leading classroom discussions, this article investigates an example from the experience of a preservice teacher as she works on orienting students to each other's ideas. Resulting…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Educational Practices, Discussion (Teaching Technique), Group Discussion
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Graham, Steve; Harris, Karen R.; Santangelo, Tanya – Elementary School Journal, 2015
In order to meet writing objectives specified in the Common Core State Standards (CCSS), many teachers need to make significant changes in how writing is taught. While CCSS identified what students need to master, it did not provide guidance on how teachers are to meet these writing benchmarks. The current article presents research-supported…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, State Standards, Writing Instruction, Elementary Education
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Cunningham, James W.; Mesmer, Heidi Anne – Elementary School Journal, 2014
Common Core Reading Standard 10 not only prescribes the difficulty of texts students should become able to read, but also the difficulty diet of texts schools should ask their students to read across the school year. The use of quantitative text-assessment tools in the implementation of this standard warrants an examination into the validity of…
Descriptors: Difficulty Level, Academic Standards, State Standards, Statistical Analysis
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Goldman, Susan R.; Lee, Carol D. – Elementary School Journal, 2014
Standards for literacy in the twenty-first century raise the bar on the complexity of texts and the tasks for which they are used. The strengths and limitations of contemporary approaches to text complexity are discussed with respect to major points raised in the six articles in this special issue. In addition, four features of text that are of…
Descriptors: Difficulty Level, Readability, Readability Formulas, Reader Text Relationship
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Wonder-McDowell, Carla; Reutzel, D. Ray; Smith, John A. – Elementary School Journal, 2011
The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of aligning classroom core reading instruction with the supplementary reading instruction provided to 133 struggling grade 2 readers. A 2-group, pre-posttest true experimental design was employed in this study. In 11 elementary schools, 12 teachers taught both the aligned and unaligned core and…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Elementary Education, Reading Difficulties, Special Needs Students
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Bean, Rita M.; Draper, Jason A.; Hall, Virginia; Vandermolen, Jill; Zigmond, Naomi – Elementary School Journal, 2010
The current article investigates the work of 20 Reading First coaches to determine how coaches distribute their time and the rationale they give for their work. Teachers' responses to coaches and the relationships between what coaches do and student achievement are also analyzed. There was great variability among coaches in how they allocated…
Descriptors: Reading Achievement, At Risk Students, Scoring, Reading Instruction
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Vanderburg, Michelle; Stephens, Diane – Elementary School Journal, 2010
In order to better understand literacy coaches' impact on teachers, the authors analyzed interviews with 35 teachers who participated in a statewide professional development effort, the South Carolina Reading Initiative. For 3 years, literacy coaches facilitated bimonthly study groups for teachers and spent 4 days a week in teachers' classrooms…
Descriptors: Educational Strategies, Program Effectiveness, Faculty Development, Teaching Methods
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Carey, John; Dimmitt, Carey – Elementary School Journal, 2008
In this article we present a model for evidence-based school counseling practice that involves using data to specify problems that need addressing, using multidisciplinary teams to identify and implement research-based interventions, and evaluating interventions and programs to demonstrate effects. Potential benefits of this approach for…
Descriptors: School Counseling, School Counselors, Counseling Techniques, Counseling Psychology
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Kulinna, Pamela Hodges – Elementary School Journal, 2008
The purpose of this article is to review current models for curriculum and pedagogy used in elementary school physical education programs. Historically, physical educators have developed and used a multiactivity curriculum in order to educate students through physical movement. More recently, a variety of alternative curricular models have been…
Descriptors: Movement Education, Adventure Education, Social Responsibility, Recreation
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McCaslin, Mary; Good, Thomas L.; Nichols, Sharon; Zhang, Jizhi; Wiley, Caroline R. H.; Bozack, Amanda Rabidue; Burross, Heidi Legg; Cuizon-Garcia, Rena – Elementary School Journal, 2006
This observational study involved literacy and mathematics instruction of 145 teachers in grades 3 through 5 in 20 low-income schools enrolled in the U.S. government's Comprehensive School Reform (CSR) Demonstration program. Observed curriculum and instructional practices were primarily and coherently focused on acquisition of basic facts and…
Descriptors: Grade 3, Teaching Methods, Demonstration Programs, School Restructuring
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Skindrud, Karl; Gersten, Russell – Elementary School Journal, 2006
This independent evaluation of 2 commonly used approaches for accelerating reading achievement and reducing inappropriate special education referrals, Success for All (SFA) and Open Court, was conducted in 12 Title I schools in a large urban district in northern California. To compare the effects of these approaches, we collected data on 936 grade…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Prediction, Reading Achievement, Special Education
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Linan-Thompson, Sylvia; Vaughn, Sharon; Hickman-Davis, Peggy; Kouzekanani, Kamiar – Elementary School Journal, 2003
Examined effectiveness of an intervention involving English- as-a-second-language strategies and effective reading practices for at-risk second-grade English-language learners. Found that students made significant gains on word attack, passage comprehension, phoneme segmentation fluency, and oral reading fluency. Four-week follow-up scores…
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Followup Studies, Grade 2
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