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Troyer, Margaret – Elementary School Journal, 2019
Curriculum designers often assume that teachers implement curricula as written, yet research shows that all teachers adapt curricula. Adaptation is especially important in the context of sustained curriculum implementation, as some level of adaptation may be necessary for teachers to feel ownership over a program. However, whereas some adaptations…
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Media Adaptation, Literacy Education, Reading Programs
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Rogers, Laura K.; Doan, Sy – Elementary School Journal, 2019
This article examines the extent to which both teacher and student assignment patterns are associated with inequitable classroom compositions within schools. From a sample of about 30,000 elementary school classrooms in Tennessee, we first investigate the characteristics that predict a switch in a teacher's assignment to a new grade or school.…
Descriptors: Teacher Placement, Student Characteristics, Academic Achievement, Minority Group Students
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Reed, Deborah K.; Stevenson, Nathan; LeBeau, Brandon C. – Elementary School Journal, 2019
This study investigated the effects of imposing task- or process-oriented reading behaviors on reading comprehension assessment performance. Students in grades 5-8 (N = 275) were randomly assigned to hear multiple-choice items read aloud before or after reading a test passage and when they were and were not allowed access to the passage while…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Reading Tests, Multiple Choice Tests, Reading Aloud to Others
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Goddard, Yvonne L.; Goddard, Roger D.; Bailes, Lauren P.; Nichols, Robert – Elementary School Journal, 2019
The purpose of this study was twofold: to examine the influence of instructional leadership on teachers' reports of the use of differentiated instruction in their schools and to investigate whether higher levels of differentiated instruction positively predicted student achievement. We collected teacher survey data from a sample of 95…
Descriptors: Instructional Leadership, Individualized Instruction, Academic Achievement, Correlation
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Northrop, Laura; Borsheim-Black, Carlin; Kelly, Sean – Elementary School Journal, 2019
This study uses data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999 (ECLS-K), to examine the texts assigned to eighth-grade students. By comparing student demographic information from the ECLS-K with demographic information from the texts, we examine adjustment of assignments to match students' backgrounds. In…
Descriptors: Grade 8, Literature, Race, Ethnicity
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Quinn, David M.; Stewart, Ashley M. – Elementary School Journal, 2019
As the racial/ethnic makeup of the U.S. student population becomes increasingly diverse, the teaching force has remained primarily white. Given this mismatch, and the consequences that educators' racial attitudes have for students' academic and developmental outcomes, it is important to understand the racial attitudes of white educators and how…
Descriptors: Racial Attitudes, Ethnicity, Teacher Attitudes, Academic Achievement
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Brown, Christopher P.; Englehardt, Joanna; Ku, Da Hei; Barry, David P. – Elementary School Journal, 2019
Over the last 2 decades, policymakers' standards-based accountability reforms in the United States, such as the No Child Left Behind Act, have fundamentally changed public schooling in general and kindergarten specifically. As this has occurred, little is known about how families make sense of these changes in schooling. By sharing findings from a…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Family Attitudes, Educational Change, Accountability
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Mellado De La Cruz, Veronica; Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Hsiao, Yu-Yu; Clemens, Nathan H.; Jones, Francesca G.; Rivas, Brenna K.; Brewer, Emily A.; Hagan-Burke, Shanna; Simmons, Leslie E. – Elementary School Journal, 2019
The purpose of the study was to assess early literacy skills and examine the presence and stability of challenging behaviors across the critical threshold of the kindergarten school year. Students' (n = 337) literacy performance (letter sound fluency, word attack, and phonological awareness) and challenging behaviors (teacher ratings of…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Student Behavior, Kindergarten, At Risk Students
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Koutsoftas, Anthony D. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
This study examined developmental differences in written expression of intermediate-grade children across planning, writing, and revising products. This work is the first step in a programmatic line of research examining the utility of the assessment procedures toward formative writing assessment protocols. Eighty children in fourth and sixth…
Descriptors: Writing Processes, Grade 4, Grade 6, Age Differences
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Puranik, Cynthia S.; Petscher, Yaacov; Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Lemons, Christopher J. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
The primary focus of this study was to determine the feasibility of teacher implementation of peer-assisted writing strategies (PAWS) in improving the writing outcomes of kindergarten children. Six classrooms were recruited, and 3 were randomly assigned to the experimental condition. Results indicated that the content, length, and formatting of…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Writing Achievement, Writing Strategies, Outcomes of Education
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Bustamante, Andres S.; Hindman, Annemarie H.; Champagne, Carly R.; Wasik, Barbara A. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
Circle time is a near universally used preschool activity; however, little research has explored its nature, content, and quality. This study examined activity types, teacher and child talk, child engagement, and classroom quality in a sample of public preschool classrooms in an urban, high-poverty school district. Results demonstrated that…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Classroom Techniques, Educational Practices, Instructional Effectiveness
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Harbour, Kristin E.; Adelson, Jill L.; Pittard, Caroline M.; Karp, Karen S. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
Using restricted-use data from the 2011 National Assessment of Educational Progress mathematics assessment, the current study examined the relationship between the presence of elementary mathematics coaches and specialists (MCSs) and the mathematics achievement of more than 190,000 fourth-grade students in more than 7,400 schools nationwide. In…
Descriptors: Correlation, Mathematics Instruction, Academic Achievement, National Competency Tests
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Wei, Liwei; Murphy, P. Karen; Firetto, Carla M. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
Small-group discussions in which teachers and students interact with text are common in language arts classrooms. As documented in the extant literature, teacher discourse moves affect how the discussion unfolds and the resulting quality of the talk. What is not present in the literature is a unified lexicon or taxonomy for defining and…
Descriptors: Teacher Role, Facilitators (Individuals), Group Discussion, Taxonomy
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Kolbe, Tammy; Jorgenson, Simon – Elementary School Journal, 2018
For 2 decades, science teachers have been encouraged to orient their instruction around the practices of scientific inquiry; however, it is unclear whether teachers have the knowledge and skills to do so. In this study, we draw upon data from the 2011 National Assessment of Educational Progress to examine the extent to which eighth-grade science…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Science Teachers, Science Instruction, Inquiry
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Vernon-Feagans, Lynne; Bratsch-Hines, Mary; Varghese, Cheryl; Cutrer, Elizabeth A.; Garwood, Justin D. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
This article reports the results of a randomized controlled trial that replicated and extended research on the Targeted Reading Intervention (TRI), a professional development program for kindergarten and first-grade teachers in low-wealth rural schools that helps enhance literacy skills of struggling readers. In weekly webcam coaching sessions,…
Descriptors: Faculty Development, Reading Teachers, Rural Schools, Reading Instruction
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