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Toste, Jessica R.; Capin, Philip; Vaughn, Sharon – Elementary School Journal, 2017
This randomized controlled trial focused on 59 struggling readers in the third and fourth grades (30 female, 29 male) and examined the efficacy of an intervention aimed at increasing students' multisyllabic word reading (MWR). The study also explored the relative effects of an embedded motivational beliefs (MB) training component. Struggling…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Randomized Controlled Trials, Reading Comprehension, Reading Fluency
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Graham, Steve; Hebert, Michael; Harris, Karen R. – Elementary School Journal, 2015
To determine whether formative writing assessments that are directly tied to everyday classroom teaching and learning enhance students' writing performance, we conducted a meta-analysis of true and quasi-experiments conducted with students in grades 1 to 8. We found that feedback to students about writing from adults, peers, self, and computers…
Descriptors: Formative Evaluation, Meta Analysis, Writing Tests, Quasiexperimental Design
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Silverman, Rebecca D.; Coker, David; Proctor, C. Patrick; Harring, Jeffrey; Piantedosi, Kelly W.; Hartranft, Anna M. – Elementary School Journal, 2015
The purpose of this study was to explore relationships between language variables and writing outcomes with linguistically diverse students in grades 3-5. The participants were 197 children from three schools in one district in the mid-Atlantic United States. We assessed students' vocabulary knowledge and morphological and syntactical skill as…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5
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Chen, Qi; Hughes, Jan N.; Kwok, Oi-Man – Elementary School Journal, 2014
The authors investigated the differential effect of retention on the development of academic achievement from grades 1 to 5 on children retained in grade 1 over 6 years. Growth mixture model (GMM) analyses supported the existence of two distinct trajectory groups of retained children for both reading and math among 125 ethnically and…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade Repetition, Academic Achievement, Grade 1
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Buck, Gayle A.; Cook, Kristin L.; Quigley, Cassie F.; Prince, Pearl; Lucas, Yvonne – Elementary School Journal, 2014
In this participatory action research study, we answered the question, How can we improve attitudes toward science education of the African American girls at an elementary school? Girls in grades 3-6 completed the Modified Attitudes toward Science Inventory. A purposeful sample of 30 girls participated in several focus-group interviews throughout…
Descriptors: African American Students, Elementary School Students, Females, Scientific Attitudes
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Biggers, Mandy; Forbes, Cory T.; Zangori, Laura – Elementary School Journal, 2013
Previous research suggests that elementary teachers vary in their enactment of science curriculum materials and may not always engage students in substantive sense making. This mixed-methods study investigates elementary teachers' use of science curriculum materials to engage students in the scientific practice of comparing and evaluating…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Elementary School Science, Science Instruction, Inquiry
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Gottfried, Michael A. – Elementary School Journal, 2012
This study contributes a novel perspective on grade retention by empirically examining how classroom composition relates to the standardized-testing performance of grade-retained students in their post-retained years. This evaluation employed a sample of entire cohorts of urban elementary school children in the Philadelphia School District over 6…
Descriptors: Grade Repetition, School Holding Power, Evidence, Testing
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Sun, Haichun; Chen, Ang; Zhu, Xihe; Ennis, Catherine D. – Elementary School Journal, 2012
Teaching fitness-related knowledge has become critical in developing children's healthful living behavior. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a science-based, constructivist physical education curriculum on learning fitness knowledge critical to healthful living in elementary school students. The schools (N = 30) were randomly…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Elementary School Students, Constructivism (Learning), Grade 5
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Campbell, Patricia F.; Malkus, Nathaniel N. – Elementary School Journal, 2011
Elementary mathematics coaches are placed in schools to construct leadership roles and to provide on-site, collaborative professional development addressing mathematical content, pedagogy, and curriculum in an effort to enhance instruction and improve student achievement. This 3-year randomized control study found that over time coaches positively…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5
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Hughes, Jan N. – Elementary School Journal, 2011
The shared and unique effects of teacher and student reports of teacher-student relationship quality (TSRQ) in second and third grade on academic self-views, behavioral engagement, and achievement the following year were investigated in a sample of 714 academically at-risk students. Teacher and student reports of teacher-student support and…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, At Risk Students, Grade 3, Grade 2
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Morris, Darrell; Bloodgood, Janet W.; Perney, Jan; Frye, Elizabeth M.; Kucan, Linda; Trathen, Woodrow; Ward, Devery; Schlagal, Robert – Elementary School Journal, 2011
This longitudinal study investigated children's performance on several informal reading and spelling tasks. Students (n = 274) in a rural North Carolina county were assessed across grades 2 to 6 on the following measures: isolated word recognition (timed and untimed), oral reading accuracy, reading comprehension, reading rate, and spelling.…
Descriptors: Grade 2, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5
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Gambrell, Linda B.; Hughes, Elizabeth M.; Calvert, Leah; Malloy, Jacquelynn A.; Igo, Brent – Elementary School Journal, 2011
In this exploratory study, reading, writing, and discussion were examined within the context of a pen pal intervention focusing on authentic literacy tasks. The study employed a mixed-method design with a triangulation-convergence model to explore the relationship between authentic literacy tasks and the literacy motivation of elementary students…
Descriptors: Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5, Letters (Correspondence)
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McMahon, Susan D.; Wernsman, Jamie; Rose, Dale S. – Elementary School Journal, 2009
In this study, 149 low-income, ethnically heterogeneous, fourth- and fifth-grade students completed self-report surveys in the fall and spring of 1 academic year. We examined classroom climate (satisfaction, cohesion, friction, task difficulty, and competition) and school belonging in relation to language arts and math and science self-efficacy,…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Language Arts, Grade 5, Classroom Environment