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Brizuela, Bárbara M. – Elementary School Journal, 2016
In this article, I analyze episodes from two third-grade classrooms drawn from a larger classroom teaching experiment to explore how these students began to incorporate nonnumerical symbols in their mathematical expressions when asked to represent indeterminate quantities. The article addresses two research questions: What understandings did these…
Descriptors: Grade 3, Mathematical Formulas, Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematics Education
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Dumay, Xavier; Boonen, Tinneke; Van Damme, Jan – Elementary School Journal, 2013
In both the school effectiveness and the educational administration literature, growing attention has been paid to the extent of principal leadership effects and the means by which they affect school performance. The main goal of this study is to estimate the effects of principal leadership on students' achievement growth in mathematics over a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Teacher Collaboration, Principals, Models
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Campbell, Patricia F.; Malkus, Nathaniel N. – Elementary School Journal, 2011
Elementary mathematics coaches are placed in schools to construct leadership roles and to provide on-site, collaborative professional development addressing mathematical content, pedagogy, and curriculum in an effort to enhance instruction and improve student achievement. This 3-year randomized control study found that over time coaches positively…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5
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Kloosterman, Peter – Elementary School Journal, 2011
Using recently released data from the Long-Term Trend Assessment of the National Assessment of Educational Progress, this study analyzed the mathematics performance of 9-year-old students between 1978 and 2004. The study goes beyond overall results by describing the assessment items and the change over time on each of those items. The data…
Descriptors: Student Evaluation, National Competency Tests, Mathematics Skills, Reading Skills