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Reys, Robert E. – Elementary School Journal, 1984
Begins with a definition of mental computation and then provides an overview of its evolution during the twentieth century. Significant benefits from teaching mental computation are highlighted, along with a framework and guidelines for instructing elementary school students. A parallel discussion is also provided for computational estimation. (RH)
Descriptors: Computation, Elementary Education, Estimation (Mathematics), History
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Venezky, Richard L. – Elementary School Journal, 1987
Presents a brief sketch of the history of American reading texts, describing the educational and cultural conditions that have prompted changes in reading methods and materials and in the textbooks themselves. (Author/NH)
Descriptors: Attitude Change, Basal Reading, Educational History, Elementary Education
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Berger, Eugenia Hepworth – Elementary School Journal, 1991
Provides a historical overview of parents as educators in ancient times and the middle ages. Discusses influential theories of child rearing in the United States and the history of parent education, particularly the focus on parent education that emerged in federal programs in the 1960s. Notes the continuing need for school-home collaboration in…
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Children, Educational History, Educational Philosophy
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Goodman, Yetta M. – Elementary School Journal, 1989
Gives a history of the whole language movement. Looks at the early use of the term "whole language." Explores influences from philosophy, psychology, linguistics, and education on development of whole language. Discusses influences from early educational movements in the U.S., England, and New Zealand. (Author/BB)
Descriptors: British Infant Schools, Educational Environment, Educational History, Educational Trends
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Durkin, Dolores – Elementary School Journal, 1987
Describes how in the 1960s and 1970s critics of the schools as well as the transitory interests of the schools themselves were the greatest forces for change in basal reader programs. Discusses how current demand for high test scores has influenced those who prepare basal material. (Author/NH)
Descriptors: Basal Reading, Beginning Reading, Comprehension, Elementary Education
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Woodard, Carol – Elementary School Journal, 1979
Describes the contributions of Friedrich Froebel (1782-1852) to early childhood education. Froebel's design of three types of materials and activities--gifts, occupations, and "mother plays"--are discussed in detail. (CM)
Descriptors: Biographies, Early Childhood Education, Educational Philosophy, Educational Theories