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Morris, Darrell; Bloodgood, Janet W.; Perney, Jan; Frye, Elizabeth M.; Kucan, Linda; Trathen, Woodrow; Ward, Devery; Schlagal, Robert – Elementary School Journal, 2011
This longitudinal study investigated children's performance on several informal reading and spelling tasks. Students (n = 274) in a rural North Carolina county were assessed across grades 2 to 6 on the following measures: isolated word recognition (timed and untimed), oral reading accuracy, reading comprehension, reading rate, and spelling.…
Descriptors: Grade 2, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5
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Gambrell, Linda B.; Hughes, Elizabeth M.; Calvert, Leah; Malloy, Jacquelynn A.; Igo, Brent – Elementary School Journal, 2011
In this exploratory study, reading, writing, and discussion were examined within the context of a pen pal intervention focusing on authentic literacy tasks. The study employed a mixed-method design with a triangulation-convergence model to explore the relationship between authentic literacy tasks and the literacy motivation of elementary students…
Descriptors: Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5, Letters (Correspondence)
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Baker, Scott K.; Smolkowski, Keith; Smith, Jeanie Mercier; Fien, Hank; Kame'enui, Edward J.; Beck, Carrie Thomas – Elementary School Journal, 2011
This study examined the impact of Oregon Reading First on student reading outcomes. Outcomes in schools that began Reading First implementation in 2003-2004 (Cohort A) were compared to outcomes in schools that began Reading First implementation in 2005-2006 (Cohort B). The primary hypothesis, that experienced Cohort A schools would outperform…
Descriptors: Reading Programs, Formative Evaluation, Program Effectiveness, Reading Instruction
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Brenner, Devon; Hiebert, Elfrieda H. – Elementary School Journal, 2010
Core reading programs have a tremendous influence over reading instruction in the United States. Federal policies such as Reading First put increasing pressure on schools to implement a core reading program. While core reading programs contain a wide variety of suggested strategies and activities, they may not provide sufficient text or volume of…
Descriptors: Reading Programs, Reading Strategies, Reading Instruction, Textbook Content
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Walpole, Sharon; McKenna, Michael C.; Uribe-Zarain, Ximena; Lamitina, David – Elementary School Journal, 2010
In this study of 116 high-poverty schools, we explored teaching and coaching in grades K-3. We developed and validated observation protocols for both coaching and teaching. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were computed to identify and confirm factors that explained the protocol data. Three coaching factors were identified in both…
Descriptors: Poverty, Reading Aloud to Others, Structural Equation Models, Factor Structure
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Sailors, Misty; Price, Larry R. – Elementary School Journal, 2010
In this article, we describe and report on the results of a study in Texas that tested 2 models of professional development for classroom teachers as a way of improving their practices and increasing the reading achievement of their students. To meet this goal, 44 participating teachers in grades 2-8 learned to teach their students cognitive…
Descriptors: Intervention, Observation, Reading Achievement, Reading Strategies
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McMahon, Susan D.; Wernsman, Jamie; Rose, Dale S. – Elementary School Journal, 2009
In this study, 149 low-income, ethnically heterogeneous, fourth- and fifth-grade students completed self-report surveys in the fall and spring of 1 academic year. We examined classroom climate (satisfaction, cohesion, friction, task difficulty, and competition) and school belonging in relation to language arts and math and science self-efficacy,…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Language Arts, Grade 5, Classroom Environment
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Buyse, Evelien; Verschueren, Karine; Verachtert, Pieter; Van Damme, Jan – Elementary School Journal, 2009
This longitudinal study evaluated the impact of dyadic and classroom-level teacher-child relationship quality in first grade on children's psychosocial and academic adjustment in first (N = 3,784), second (N = 3,666), and third (N = 3,582) grade, controlling for several child features, namely, child demographics and children's initial levels of…
Descriptors: Prediction, Student Adjustment, Grade 1, Classroom Environment
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Konstantopoulos, Spyros – Elementary School Journal, 2009
The study reported in this article investigated the differential effects of teachers on female, minority, and low-socioeconomic-status (SES) students' achievement. I used data from a 4-year, large-scale, randomized experiment (Project STAR) that was conducted between 1985 and 1989 in Tennessee, in which students and teachers were randomly assigned…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Academic Achievement, Achievement Tests, Disadvantaged Youth
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Leong, Che Kan – Elementary School Journal, 2009
A sample of 141 Canadian children in grades 3 through 6 wrote to dictation 24 short sentences sampling 90 lexical items representing 10 inflectional morphological categories to study their relation to the written spelling of 40 sight words. The children were encouraged in 3, 30-minute teaching sessions to use multiple strategies of retrieval,…
Descriptors: Sentences, Spelling, Phonemes, Morphology (Languages)
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Connor, Carol McDonald; Jakobsons, Lara J.; Crowe, Elizabeth C.; Meadows, Jane Granger – Elementary School Journal, 2009
This study explored first-, second-, and third-grade reading instruction and students' (n = 1,586) reading skill growth in Florida Reading First (RF) classrooms (n = 95). The goal of RF is to improve students' literacy outcomes through the use of research-based instruction, assessment, teacher training, and program evaluation. Whereas survey data…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Reading Fluency, Program Evaluation, Reading Skills
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McCombs, Barbara L.; Daniels, Denise H.; Perry, Kathryn E. – Elementary School Journal, 2008
This research focused on finding ways to assess instructional practices in grades kindergarten through 3 that are consistent with the American Psychological Association's Learner-Centered Psychological Principles. In several stages of research, conducted with over 2,100 children and their 124 teachers in several states, specific instructional…
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Teaching Methods, Teacher Attitudes, Primary Education
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Konstantopoulos, Spyros – Elementary School Journal, 2008
Given that previous findings on the social distribution of the effects of small classes have been mixed and inconclusive, in the present study I attempted to shed light on the mechanism through which small classes affect the achievement of low- and high-achieving students. I used data from a 4-year, large-scale, randomized experiment (project…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Class Size, Small Classes, Demography
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Kainz, Kirsten; Vernon-Feagans, Lynne – Elementary School Journal, 2007
In this study we investigated reading development from kindergarten to third grade for 1,913 economically disadvantaged children from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort. Characteristics of the child, the family, classroom instruction, and school composition were used to model influences from multiple levels of children's…
Descriptors: Economically Disadvantaged, Early Reading, Family Characteristics, Ecology
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Schilling, Stephen G.; Carlisle, Joanne F.; Scott, Sarah E.; Zeng, Ji – Elementary School Journal, 2007
This study focused on the predictive validity of fluency measures that comprise Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills (DIBELS). Data were gathered from first through third graders attending 44 schools in 9 districts or local educational agencies that made up the first Reading First cohort in Michigan. Students were administered DIBELS…
Descriptors: High Risk Students, Grade 2, Grade 3, Reading Comprehension
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