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Chow, Jason C.; Wehby, Joseph H. – Elementary School Journal, 2019
The purposes of this study were (a) to test the efficacy of whole-class equal-sign instruction, (b) to contrast the effects of symbolic and nonsymbolic instructional representation, (c) to determine whether visual representation compensated for language deficits, and (d) to evaluate maintenance of intervention. We randomly assigned 195 children…
Descriptors: Grade 2, Symbols (Mathematics), Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematics Instruction
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Elementary School Journal, 2016
This article describes nine phases of curriculum-development activities conducted by the Language and Reading Research Consortium (LARRC), the end result of which was to arrive at a research-based supplemental curriculum that could be used by teachers of English-speaking or bilingual Spanish-English-speaking children in prekindergarten and…
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Educational Research, Preschool Education, Kindergarten
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Dwyer, Julie; Kelcey, Ben; Berebitsky, Dan; Carlisle, Joanne F. – Elementary School Journal, 2016
In theory, engaging students in discussion helps them learn how to understand and think critically about texts. Researchers have sought to identify effective features of teacher-led text-based discussions by designing specific discussion-group programs and investigating their influence on students' comprehension in upper elementary classrooms.…
Descriptors: Discourse Analysis, Group Discussion, Elementary School Students, Measures (Individuals)
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Agodini, Roberto; Harris, Barbara – Elementary School Journal, 2016
Research shows that some elementary math curricula are more effective than others at increasing student achievement. Most studies in this research base typically included teachers and classrooms that differ, so the results represent "average" curriculum effects, which raises an important question: Are curricula that are effective on…
Descriptors: Teacher Characteristics, Classroom Environment, Elementary School Curriculum, Elementary School Mathematics
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Graham, Steve; Hebert, Michael; Harris, Karen R. – Elementary School Journal, 2015
To determine whether formative writing assessments that are directly tied to everyday classroom teaching and learning enhance students' writing performance, we conducted a meta-analysis of true and quasi-experiments conducted with students in grades 1 to 8. We found that feedback to students about writing from adults, peers, self, and computers…
Descriptors: Formative Evaluation, Meta Analysis, Writing Tests, Quasiexperimental Design
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Zvoch, Keith; Stevens, Joseph J. – Elementary School Journal, 2015
A one-group repeated-treatment design was used to examine the academic year and summer oral reading fluency outcomes for students attending a district-sponsored summer literacy program (N = 250). Piecewise growth models applied to longitudinal data obtained during the first and second grade and over the course of the intervening summer revealed…
Descriptors: Summer Schools, Summer Programs, Reading Difficulties, Grade 1
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Chen, Qi; Hughes, Jan N.; Kwok, Oi-Man – Elementary School Journal, 2014
The authors investigated the differential effect of retention on the development of academic achievement from grades 1 to 5 on children retained in grade 1 over 6 years. Growth mixture model (GMM) analyses supported the existence of two distinct trajectory groups of retained children for both reading and math among 125 ethnically and…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade Repetition, Academic Achievement, Grade 1
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Dotger, Sharon; McQuitty, Vicki – Elementary School Journal, 2014
This case study introduces the notion of an operative system to describe elementary teachers' knowledge and practice. Drawing from complex systems theory, the operative system is defined as the network of knowledge and practices that constituted teachers' work within a lesson study cycle. Data were gathered throughout a lesson study cycle in which…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Pedagogical Content Knowledge, Teaching Methods, Systems Approach
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Dingman, Shannon; Teuscher, Dawn; Newton, Jill A.; Kasmer, Lisa – Elementary School Journal, 2013
This article reports the findings from a comparative analysis that examined several mathematical content strands, reasoning processes, and emphasis on technology in prior K-8 state mathematics standards and the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics (CCSSM). Various methodological tools were utilized to compare and contrast CCSSM with prior…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Achievement, Course Content
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Zijlstra, Haytske; Wubbels, Theo; Brekelmans, Mieke; Koomen, Helma M. Y. – Elementary School Journal, 2013
This study analyzed children's generalized perceptions of teacher interpersonal behavior in terms of two dimensions, control and affiliation, referring to the degree of teacher leadership/ management and teacher friendliness friendliness/cooperation in the classroom, respectively. An adapted version of the Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction was…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Foreign Countries, Teacher Student Relationship, Correlation
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Dumay, Xavier; Boonen, Tinneke; Van Damme, Jan – Elementary School Journal, 2013
In both the school effectiveness and the educational administration literature, growing attention has been paid to the extent of principal leadership effects and the means by which they affect school performance. The main goal of this study is to estimate the effects of principal leadership on students' achievement growth in mathematics over a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Teacher Collaboration, Principals, Models
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Worthy, Jo; Consalvo, Annamary L.; Bogard, Treavor; Russell, Katie W. – Elementary School Journal, 2012
In most classrooms, there are students who have academic, behavioral, and/or interpersonal challenges that can disrupt the classroom community. In some cases, these challenges can build momentum, leading to a negative reputation or "story" that can follow the student throughout school. This academic, yearlong case study focused on Mae Graham, an…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Grade 2, Individualized Instruction, Negative Attitudes
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Gottfried, Michael A. – Elementary School Journal, 2012
This study contributes a novel perspective on grade retention by empirically examining how classroom composition relates to the standardized-testing performance of grade-retained students in their post-retained years. This evaluation employed a sample of entire cohorts of urban elementary school children in the Philadelphia School District over 6…
Descriptors: Grade Repetition, School Holding Power, Evidence, Testing
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Connor, Carol McDonald; Rice, Diana C.; Canto, Angela I.; Southerland, Sherry A.; Underwood, Phyllis; Kaya, Sibel; Fishman, Barry; Morrison, Frederick J. – Elementary School Journal, 2012
The associations among second- and third-grade students' content-area knowledge, vocabulary, and reading gains and the science instruction they received were examined in this exploratory longitudinal study. We also asked whether there were child characteristics x instruction interaction effects on students' content-area literacy. Second graders (n…
Descriptors: Literacy Education, Reading Skills, Science Instruction, Grade 3
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Harris, Karen R.; Lane, Kathleen Lynne; Driscoll, Steven A.; Graham, Steve; Wilson, Kristen; Sandmel, Karin; Brindle, Mary; Schatschneider, Chris – Elementary School Journal, 2012
This study took place in the context of schools collaborating with a local university to implement an evidence-based, 3-tiered model of prevention and supports targeting academic, behavioral, and social goals. We examined whether Self-Regulated Strategy Development (SRSD) instruction, delivered by grade 2 and 3 general education teachers to all…
Descriptors: Evidence, Outcome Measures, Behavior Disorders, Grade 2
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