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ERIC Number: EJ802368
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Apr-1
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1696-2095
Turkish Elementary School Students' Perceptions of Local and Global Terrorism
Aricak, Tolga; Bekci, Banu; Siyahhan, Sinem; Martinez, Rebecca
Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology, v6 n1 p117-134 Apr 2008
Introduction: Historically, terrorism has occurred in various regions of the world and has been considered a local problem until the September, 11 terrorist attacks on the United States in 2001. After 9/11, terrorism has become a global concern. The definition of terrorism has changed from a violent act of a group of local people against their own government for political gains to a violent act of people of a country against another country for political attention. Now a global phenomenon, terrorism has become analogous to a state of war, affecting children and families all over the world and creating a demand for mental health services directed at helping people cope with their feelings following terrorist attacks. This study investigates Turkish elementary school students' perceptions of worldwide terrorism. Method: Participants comprised 190 fourth and fifth grade elementary school students (98 boys and 92 girls) from four elementary schools in Istanbul. 98 students were in fourth grade and 92 students were in fifth grade. Students' ages ranged from 9 to 15 (M=10.66, SD=0.76). The Questionnaire of Children's Perception of Terror (QoCPoT) was developed by the authors and is used in this study. Data were analyzed in SPSS 14. Results: The results indicate that most children know that terrorist attacks took place in Turkey, the United States and around the world. Students most frequently defined terrorism as "the killing of innocent people" and categorized terrorists as "bandits." They report feeling bad when they hear the word "terrorism." Findings suggest that there are gender differences in children's perception of terrorism in the affective and cognitive domains. Discussion: This study provides preliminary information about Turkish children's perceptions of local and global terrorism in cognitive and affective domains of functioning. In general, most children in the study are knowledgeable about the terrorist attacks took place in Turkey, the United States and around the world. It is likely that the media has had an impact on the amount of information children receive on terrorism. Children's responses show that their definition of terrorism is akin to the original definition of terrorism. (Contains 7 tables.)
University of Almeria, Education & Psychology I+D+i. Faculty of Psychology Department of Educational and Developmental Psychology, Carretera de Sacramento s/n, 04120 LaCanada de San Urbano, Almeria, Spain. Tel: +34-950-015354; Fax: +34-950-015083; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 4; Grade 5
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Turkey; United States