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ERIC Number: EJ1227832
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-Sep
Pages: 26
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1696-2095
Psychometric Properties of a Silent Word Reading Test (LEO-1-Min)
Goikoetxea, Edurne; Van Bon, Wim; Fraga, Gorka; Martínez, Naroa
Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology, v17 n48 p411-436 Sep 2019
Introduction: Teachers and researchers often need to evaluate word decoding skill in groupwise and in a short time. The LEO-1-min test is created to measure word reading through a lexical decision procedure where the examinee identifies pseudowords in a list of frequent words. Objetive: To examine the reliability and validity of LEO-1-min, a silent word reading test, suitable for quick assess of reading abilities in a wide age range of students. Method: Participants were 284 children from 1st to 6th grade of a subsidized Primary School. We created four alternate forms of the LEO-1-min, each with 180 stimuli (132 words and 48 pseudowords). Results: The results show an adequate parallel forms reliability of the scores (range rs = from 0.57 to 0.81). High correlations were found between the scores on the LEO-1-min and the scores on a standardized reading aloud test. The discriminant analysis of the scores on the LEO-1-min shows a high level of success in predicting the oral word decoding performance. Discussion and Conclusion: LEO-1-min reliability is acceptable to good. Lexical decision in LEO-1-min and oral reading are highly correlated, which support using lexical decision as a groupwise test to screen for poor word readers. Form A of the test and provisional scales are presented for each primary grade.
University of Almeria, Education & Psychology I+D+i. Faculty of Psychology Department of Educational and Developmental Psychology, Carretera de Sacramento s/n, 04120 LaCanada de San Urbano, Almeria, Spain. Tel: +34-950-015354; Fax: +34-950-015083; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Spain