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ERIC Number: EJ900896
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1696-2095
Using a Direct Instruction Flashcard System with Two Students with Learning Disabilities
Glover, Patti; McLaughlin, Thomas; Derby, K. Mark; Gower, Jan
Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology, v8 n2 p457-472 2010
Introduction: The use of Direct Instruction (DI) flashcards has been suggested as an effective classroom intervention procedure. The present case report examined the use of DI flashcards with two adolescents with learning disabilities. Objectives: The purpose of this research was to increase the correct rate and decrease the error rate for see/write digits in multiplication using DI Flashcards and a back three strategy for errors. Another objective was to provide an expansion and replication of our previous work with DI flashcards. Method: Our participants were two elementary students learning disabilities. After baseline, a Direct Instruction flashcard procedure was implemented. The study was conducted in a resource room that served intermediate aged elementary students. The school was located in a high poverty area of a large urban school district. The effects of our intervention were evaluated in a multiple baseline design across students. Results: Each participant improved their mastery of math facts. These changes were immediate and large for the first two sets. Some generalization to the problems in last set of problems was found for both participants. Discussion: The flash card procedure was inexpensive and easily implemented in a resource room setting. Recommendations for employing DI flashcards by teachers are provided. (Contains 2 figures.)
University of Almeria, Education & Psychology I+D+i. Faculty of Psychology Department of Educational and Developmental Psychology, Carretera de Sacramento s/n, 04120 LaCanada de San Urbano, Almeria, Spain. Tel: +34-950-015354; Fax: +34-950-015083; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A