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Showing 1 to 15 of 787 results Save | Export
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Raykov, Tenko; Marcoulides, George A. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
This note discusses the merits of coefficient alpha and their conditions in light of recent critical publications that miss out on significant research findings over the past several decades. That earlier research has demonstrated the empirical relevance and utility of coefficient alpha under certain empirical circumstances. The article highlights…
Descriptors: Test Validity, Test Reliability, Test Items, Correlation
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Fu, Yuanshu; Wen, Zhonglin; Wang, Yang – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2018
The maximal reliability of a congeneric measure is achieved by weighting item scores to form the optimal linear combination as the total score; it is never lower than the composite reliability of the measure when measurement errors are uncorrelated. The statistical method that renders maximal reliability would also lead to maximal criterion…
Descriptors: Test Reliability, Test Validity, Comparative Analysis, Attitude Measures
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Miller, Jeff – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2017
Critics of null hypothesis significance testing suggest that (a) its basic logic is invalid and (b) it addresses a question that is of no interest. In contrast to (a), I argue that the underlying logic of hypothesis testing is actually extremely straightforward and compelling. To substantiate that, I present examples showing that hypothesis…
Descriptors: Hypothesis Testing, Testing Problems, Test Validity, Relevance (Education)
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Sideridis, Georgios D. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2016
The purpose of the present studies was to test the hypothesis that the psychometric characteristics of ability scales may be significantly distorted if one accounts for emotional factors during test taking. Specifically, the present studies evaluate the effects of anxiety and motivation on the item difficulties of the Rasch model. In Study 1, the…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Test Validity, Measures (Individuals), Hierarchical Linear Modeling
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Hamby, Tyler; Taylor, Wyn – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2016
This study examined the predictors and psychometric outcomes of survey satisficing, wherein respondents provide quick, "good enough" answers (satisficing) rather than carefully considered answers (optimizing). We administered surveys to university students and respondents--half of whom held college degrees--from a for-pay survey website,…
Descriptors: Surveys, Test Reliability, Test Validity, Comparative Analysis
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Zhang, Xijuan; Savalei, Victoria – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2016
Many psychological scales written in the Likert format include reverse worded (RW) items in order to control acquiescence bias. However, studies have shown that RW items often contaminate the factor structure of the scale by creating one or more method factors. The present study examines an alternative scale format, called the Expanded format,…
Descriptors: Factor Structure, Psychological Testing, Alternative Assessment, Test Items
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Stanley, Leanne M.; Edwards, Michael C. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2016
The purpose of this article is to highlight the distinction between the reliability of test scores and the fit of psychometric measurement models, reminding readers why it is important to consider both when evaluating whether test scores are valid for a proposed interpretation and/or use. It is often the case that an investigator judges both the…
Descriptors: Test Reliability, Goodness of Fit, Scores, Patients
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Paulhus, Delroy L.; Dubois, Patrick J. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2014
The overclaiming technique is a novel assessment procedure that uses signal detection analysis to generate indices of knowledge accuracy (OC-accuracy) and self-enhancement (OC-bias). The technique has previously shown robustness over varied knowledge domains as well as low reactivity across administration contexts. Here we compared the OC-accuracy…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Knowledge Level, Accuracy, Cognitive Ability
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Thomas, Troy D.; Abts, Koen; Vander Weyden, Patrick – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2014
This article investigates the effect of the rural-urban divide on mean response styles (RSs) and their relationships with the sociodemographic characteristics of the respondents. It uses the Representative Indicator Response Style Means and Covariance Structure (RIRSMACS) method and data from Guyana--a developing country in the Caribbean. The…
Descriptors: Rural Urban Differences, Response Style (Tests), Demography, Social Characteristics
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Keeley, Jared W.; English, Taylor; Irons, Jessica; Henslee, Amber M. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2013
Many measurement biases affect student evaluations of instruction (SEIs). However, two have been relatively understudied: halo effects and ceiling/floor effects. This study examined these effects in two ways. To examine the halo effect, using a videotaped lecture, we manipulated specific teacher behaviors to be "good" or "bad"…
Descriptors: Robustness (Statistics), Test Bias, Course Evaluation, Student Evaluation of Teacher Performance
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Medhanie, Amanuel G.; Dupuis, Danielle N.; LeBeau, Brandon; Harwell, Michael R.; Post, Thomas R. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2012
The first college mathematics course a student enrolls in is often affected by performance on a college mathematics placement test. Yet validity evidence of mathematics placement tests remains limited, even for nationally standardized placement tests, and when it is available usually consists of examining a student's subsequent performance in…
Descriptors: College Mathematics, Student Placement, Mathematics Tests, Test Validity
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Lakin, Joni M.; Lai, Emily R. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2012
For educators seeking to differentiate instruction, cognitive ability tests sampling multiple content domains, including verbal, quantitative, and nonverbal reasoning, provide superior information about student strengths and weaknesses compared with unidimensional reasoning measures. However, these ability tests have not been fully evaluated with…
Descriptors: Aptitude Tests, Nonverbal Ability, Cognitive Ability, Verbal Ability
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Nilsson, Johanna E.; Marszalek, Jacob M.; Linnemeyer, Rachel M.; Bahner, Angela D.; Misialek, Leah Hanson – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2011
This article describes the development and the initial psychometric evaluation of the Social Issues Advocacy Scale in two studies. In the first study, an exploratory factor analysis (n = 278) revealed a four-factor scale, accounting for 71.4% of the variance, measuring different aspects of social issue advocacy: Political and Social Advocacy,…
Descriptors: Social Problems, Life Satisfaction, Test Validity, Measures (Individuals)
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Cizek, Gregory J.; Bowen, Daniel; Church, Keri – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2010
This study followed up on previous work that examined the incidence of reporting evidence based on test consequences in "Mental Measurements Yearbook". In the present study, additional possible outlets for what has been called "consequential validity" evidence were investigated, including all articles published in the past 10 years in several…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Educational Assessment, Psychological Testing, Followup Studies
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Luttrell, Vickie R.; Callen, Bruce W.; Allen, Charles S.; Wood, Mark D.; Deeds, Donald G.; Richard, David C. S. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2010
The goal of this study was to develop a self-report inventory that measures individual differences in the perceived value of mathematical literacy for general education students. The Mathematics Value Inventory (MVI) is grounded in the Eccles et al. model of achievement-related choices and surveys students' beliefs in four areas: interest, general…
Descriptors: General Education, Social Desirability, High Achievement, Numeracy
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